linux/drivers/edac/r82600_edac.c
<<
>>
Prefs
   1/*
   2 * Radisys 82600 Embedded chipset Memory Controller kernel module
   3 * (C) 2005 EADS Astrium
   4 * This file may be distributed under the terms of the
   5 * GNU General Public License.
   6 *
   7 * Written by Tim Small <tim@buttersideup.com>, based on work by Thayne
   8 * Harbaugh, Dan Hollis <goemon at anime dot net> and others.
   9 *
  10 * $Id: edac_r82600.c,v 1.1.2.6 2005/10/05 00:43:44 dsp_llnl Exp $
  11 *
  12 * Written with reference to 82600 High Integration Dual PCI System
  13 * Controller Data Book:
  14 * www.radisys.com/files/support_downloads/007-01277-0002.82600DataBook.pdf
  15 * references to this document given in []
  16 */
  17
  18#include <linux/module.h>
  19#include <linux/init.h>
  20#include <linux/pci.h>
  21#include <linux/pci_ids.h>
  22#include <linux/edac.h>
  23#include "edac_core.h"
  24
  25#define R82600_REVISION " Ver: 2.0.2 " __DATE__
  26#define EDAC_MOD_STR    "r82600_edac"
  27
  28#define r82600_printk(level, fmt, arg...) \
  29        edac_printk(level, "r82600", fmt, ##arg)
  30
  31#define r82600_mc_printk(mci, level, fmt, arg...) \
  32        edac_mc_chipset_printk(mci, level, "r82600", fmt, ##arg)
  33
  34/* Radisys say "The 82600 integrates a main memory SDRAM controller that
  35 * supports up to four banks of memory. The four banks can support a mix of
  36 * sizes of 64 bit wide (72 bits with ECC) Synchronous DRAM (SDRAM) DIMMs,
  37 * each of which can be any size from 16MB to 512MB. Both registered (control
  38 * signals buffered) and unbuffered DIMM types are supported. Mixing of
  39 * registered and unbuffered DIMMs as well as mixing of ECC and non-ECC DIMMs
  40 * is not allowed. The 82600 SDRAM interface operates at the same frequency as
  41 * the CPU bus, 66MHz, 100MHz or 133MHz."
  42 */
  43
  44#define R82600_NR_CSROWS 4
  45#define R82600_NR_CHANS  1
  46#define R82600_NR_DIMMS  4
  47
  48#define R82600_BRIDGE_ID  0x8200
  49
  50/* Radisys 82600 register addresses - device 0 function 0 - PCI bridge */
  51#define R82600_DRAMC    0x57    /* Various SDRAM related control bits
  52                                 * all bits are R/W
  53                                 *
  54                                 * 7    SDRAM ISA Hole Enable
  55                                 * 6    Flash Page Mode Enable
  56                                 * 5    ECC Enable: 1=ECC 0=noECC
  57                                 * 4    DRAM DIMM Type: 1=
  58                                 * 3    BIOS Alias Disable
  59                                 * 2    SDRAM BIOS Flash Write Enable
  60                                 * 1:0  SDRAM Refresh Rate: 00=Disabled
  61                                 *          01=7.8usec (256Mbit SDRAMs)
  62                                 *          10=15.6us 11=125usec
  63                                 */
  64
  65#define R82600_SDRAMC   0x76    /* "SDRAM Control Register"
  66                                 * More SDRAM related control bits
  67                                 * all bits are R/W
  68                                 *
  69                                 * 15:8 Reserved.
  70                                 *
  71                                 * 7:5  Special SDRAM Mode Select
  72                                 *
  73                                 * 4    Force ECC
  74                                 *
  75                                 *        1=Drive ECC bits to 0 during
  76                                 *          write cycles (i.e. ECC test mode)
  77                                 *
  78                                 *        0=Normal ECC functioning
  79                                 *
  80                                 * 3    Enhanced Paging Enable
  81                                 *
  82                                 * 2    CAS# Latency 0=3clks 1=2clks
  83                                 *
  84                                 * 1    RAS# to CAS# Delay 0=3 1=2
  85                                 *
  86                                 * 0    RAS# Precharge     0=3 1=2
  87                                 */
  88
  89#define R82600_EAP      0x80    /* ECC Error Address Pointer Register
  90                                 *
  91                                 * 31    Disable Hardware Scrubbing (RW)
  92                                 *        0=Scrub on corrected read
  93                                 *        1=Don't scrub on corrected read
  94                                 *
  95                                 * 30:12 Error Address Pointer (RO)
  96                                 *        Upper 19 bits of error address
  97                                 *
  98                                 * 11:4  Syndrome Bits (RO)
  99                                 *
 100                                 * 3     BSERR# on multibit error (RW)
 101                                 *        1=enable 0=disable
 102                                 *
 103                                 * 2     NMI on Single Bit Eror (RW)
 104                                 *        1=NMI triggered by SBE n.b. other
 105                                 *          prerequeists
 106                                 *        0=NMI not triggered
 107                                 *
 108                                 * 1     MBE (R/WC)
 109                                 *        read 1=MBE at EAP (see above)
 110                                 *        read 0=no MBE, or SBE occurred first
 111                                 *        write 1=Clear MBE status (must also
 112                                 *          clear SBE)
 113                                 *        write 0=NOP
 114                                 *
 115                                 * 1     SBE (R/WC)
 116                                 *        read 1=SBE at EAP (see above)
 117                                 *        read 0=no SBE, or MBE occurred first
 118                                 *        write 1=Clear SBE status (must also
 119                                 *          clear MBE)
 120                                 *        write 0=NOP
 121                                 */
 122
 123#define R82600_DRBA     0x60    /* + 0x60..0x63 SDRAM Row Boundry Address
 124                                 *  Registers
 125                                 *
 126                                 * 7:0  Address lines 30:24 - upper limit of
 127                                 * each row [p57]
 128                                 */
 129
 130struct r82600_error_info {
 131        u32 eapr;
 132};
 133
 134static unsigned int disable_hardware_scrub;
 135
 136static struct edac_pci_ctl_info *r82600_pci;
 137
 138static void r82600_get_error_info(struct mem_ctl_info *mci,
 139                                struct r82600_error_info *info)
 140{
 141        struct pci_dev *pdev;
 142
 143        pdev = to_pci_dev(mci->dev);
 144        pci_read_config_dword(pdev, R82600_EAP, &info->eapr);
 145
 146        if (info->eapr & BIT(0))
 147                /* Clear error to allow next error to be reported [p.62] */
 148                pci_write_bits32(pdev, R82600_EAP,
 149                                 ((u32) BIT(0) & (u32) BIT(1)),
 150                                 ((u32) BIT(0) & (u32) BIT(1)));
 151
 152        if (info->eapr & BIT(1))
 153                /* Clear error to allow next error to be reported [p.62] */
 154                pci_write_bits32(pdev, R82600_EAP,
 155                                 ((u32) BIT(0) & (u32) BIT(1)),
 156                                 ((u32) BIT(0) & (u32) BIT(1)));
 157}
 158
 159static int r82600_process_error_info(struct mem_ctl_info *mci,
 160                                struct r82600_error_info *info,
 161                                int handle_errors)
 162{
 163        int error_found;
 164        u32 eapaddr, page;
 165        u32 syndrome;
 166
 167        error_found = 0;
 168
 169        /* bits 30:12 store the upper 19 bits of the 32 bit error address */
 170        eapaddr = ((info->eapr >> 12) & 0x7FFF) << 13;
 171        /* Syndrome in bits 11:4 [p.62]       */
 172        syndrome = (info->eapr >> 4) & 0xFF;
 173
 174        /* the R82600 reports at less than page *
 175         * granularity (upper 19 bits only)     */
 176        page = eapaddr >> PAGE_SHIFT;
 177
 178        if (info->eapr & BIT(0)) {      /* CE? */
 179                error_found = 1;
 180
 181                if (handle_errors)
 182                        edac_mc_handle_ce(mci, page, 0, /* not avail */
 183                                        syndrome,
 184                                        edac_mc_find_csrow_by_page(mci, page),
 185                                        0, mci->ctl_name);
 186        }
 187
 188        if (info->eapr & BIT(1)) {      /* UE? */
 189                error_found = 1;
 190
 191                if (handle_errors)
 192                        /* 82600 doesn't give enough info */
 193                        edac_mc_handle_ue(mci, page, 0,
 194                                        edac_mc_find_csrow_by_page(mci, page),
 195                                        mci->ctl_name);
 196        }
 197
 198        return error_found;
 199}
 200
 201static void r82600_check(struct mem_ctl_info *mci)
 202{
 203        struct r82600_error_info info;
 204
 205        debugf1("MC%d: %s()\n", mci->mc_idx, __func__);
 206        r82600_get_error_info(mci, &info);
 207        r82600_process_error_info(mci, &info, 1);
 208}
 209
 210static inline int ecc_enabled(u8 dramcr)
 211{
 212        return dramcr & BIT(5);
 213}
 214
 215static void r82600_init_csrows(struct mem_ctl_info *mci, struct pci_dev *pdev,
 216                        u8 dramcr)
 217{
 218        struct csrow_info *csrow;
 219        int index;
 220        u8 drbar;               /* SDRAM Row Boundry Address Register */
 221        u32 row_high_limit, row_high_limit_last;
 222        u32 reg_sdram, ecc_on, row_base;
 223
 224        ecc_on = ecc_enabled(dramcr);
 225        reg_sdram = dramcr & BIT(4);
 226        row_high_limit_last = 0;
 227
 228        for (index = 0; index < mci->nr_csrows; index++) {
 229                csrow = &mci->csrows[index];
 230
 231                /* find the DRAM Chip Select Base address and mask */
 232                pci_read_config_byte(pdev, R82600_DRBA + index, &drbar);
 233
 234                debugf1("%s() Row=%d DRBA = %#0x\n", __func__, index, drbar);
 235
 236                row_high_limit = ((u32) drbar << 24);
 237/*              row_high_limit = ((u32)drbar << 24) | 0xffffffUL; */
 238
 239                debugf1("%s() Row=%d, Boundry Address=%#0x, Last = %#0x\n",
 240                        __func__, index, row_high_limit, row_high_limit_last);
 241
 242                /* Empty row [p.57] */
 243                if (row_high_limit == row_high_limit_last)
 244                        continue;
 245
 246                row_base = row_high_limit_last;
 247
 248                csrow->first_page = row_base >> PAGE_SHIFT;
 249                csrow->last_page = (row_high_limit >> PAGE_SHIFT) - 1;
 250                csrow->nr_pages = csrow->last_page - csrow->first_page + 1;
 251                /* Error address is top 19 bits - so granularity is      *
 252                 * 14 bits                                               */
 253                csrow->grain = 1 << 14;
 254                csrow->mtype = reg_sdram ? MEM_RDDR : MEM_DDR;
 255                /* FIXME - check that this is unknowable with this chipset */
 256                csrow->dtype = DEV_UNKNOWN;
 257
 258                /* Mode is global on 82600 */
 259                csrow->edac_mode = ecc_on ? EDAC_SECDED : EDAC_NONE;
 260                row_high_limit_last = row_high_limit;
 261        }
 262}
 263
 264static int r82600_probe1(struct pci_dev *pdev, int dev_idx)
 265{
 266        struct mem_ctl_info *mci;
 267        u8 dramcr;
 268        u32 eapr;
 269        u32 scrub_disabled;
 270        u32 sdram_refresh_rate;
 271        struct r82600_error_info discard;
 272
 273        debugf0("%s()\n", __func__);
 274        pci_read_config_byte(pdev, R82600_DRAMC, &dramcr);
 275        pci_read_config_dword(pdev, R82600_EAP, &eapr);
 276        scrub_disabled = eapr & BIT(31);
 277        sdram_refresh_rate = dramcr & (BIT(0) | BIT(1));
 278        debugf2("%s(): sdram refresh rate = %#0x\n", __func__,
 279                sdram_refresh_rate);
 280        debugf2("%s(): DRAMC register = %#0x\n", __func__, dramcr);
 281        mci = edac_mc_alloc(0, R82600_NR_CSROWS, R82600_NR_CHANS, 0);
 282
 283        if (mci == NULL)
 284                return -ENOMEM;
 285
 286        debugf0("%s(): mci = %p\n", __func__, mci);
 287        mci->dev = &pdev->dev;
 288        mci->mtype_cap = MEM_FLAG_RDDR | MEM_FLAG_DDR;
 289        mci->edac_ctl_cap = EDAC_FLAG_NONE | EDAC_FLAG_EC | EDAC_FLAG_SECDED;
 290        /* FIXME try to work out if the chip leads have been used for COM2
 291         * instead on this board? [MA6?] MAYBE:
 292         */
 293
 294        /* On the R82600, the pins for memory bits 72:65 - i.e. the   *
 295         * EC bits are shared with the pins for COM2 (!), so if COM2  *
 296         * is enabled, we assume COM2 is wired up, and thus no EDAC   *
 297         * is possible.                                               */
 298        mci->edac_cap = EDAC_FLAG_NONE | EDAC_FLAG_EC | EDAC_FLAG_SECDED;
 299
 300        if (ecc_enabled(dramcr)) {
 301                if (scrub_disabled)
 302                        debugf3("%s(): mci = %p - Scrubbing disabled! EAP: "
 303                                "%#0x\n", __func__, mci, eapr);
 304        } else
 305                mci->edac_cap = EDAC_FLAG_NONE;
 306
 307        mci->mod_name = EDAC_MOD_STR;
 308        mci->mod_ver = R82600_REVISION;
 309        mci->ctl_name = "R82600";
 310        mci->dev_name = pci_name(pdev);
 311        mci->edac_check = r82600_check;
 312        mci->ctl_page_to_phys = NULL;
 313        r82600_init_csrows(mci, pdev, dramcr);
 314        r82600_get_error_info(mci, &discard);   /* clear counters */
 315
 316        /* Here we assume that we will never see multiple instances of this
 317         * type of memory controller.  The ID is therefore hardcoded to 0.
 318         */
 319        if (edac_mc_add_mc(mci)) {
 320                debugf3("%s(): failed edac_mc_add_mc()\n", __func__);
 321                goto fail;
 322        }
 323
 324        /* get this far and it's successful */
 325
 326        if (disable_hardware_scrub) {
 327                debugf3("%s(): Disabling Hardware Scrub (scrub on error)\n",
 328                        __func__);
 329                pci_write_bits32(pdev, R82600_EAP, BIT(31), BIT(31));
 330        }
 331
 332        /* allocating generic PCI control info */
 333        r82600_pci = edac_pci_create_generic_ctl(&pdev->dev, EDAC_MOD_STR);
 334        if (!r82600_pci) {
 335                printk(KERN_WARNING
 336                        "%s(): Unable to create PCI control\n",
 337                        __func__);
 338                printk(KERN_WARNING
 339                        "%s(): PCI error report via EDAC not setup\n",
 340                        __func__);
 341        }
 342
 343        debugf3("%s(): success\n", __func__);
 344        return 0;
 345
 346fail:
 347        edac_mc_free(mci);
 348        return -ENODEV;
 349}
 350
 351/* returns count (>= 0), or negative on error */
 352static int __devinit r82600_init_one(struct pci_dev *pdev,
 353                                const struct pci_device_id *ent)
 354{
 355        debugf0("%s()\n", __func__);
 356
 357        /* don't need to call pci_enable_device() */
 358        return r82600_probe1(pdev, ent->driver_data);
 359}
 360
 361static void __devexit r82600_remove_one(struct pci_dev *pdev)
 362{
 363        struct mem_ctl_info *mci;
 364
 365        debugf0("%s()\n", __func__);
 366
 367        if (r82600_pci)
 368                edac_pci_release_generic_ctl(r82600_pci);
 369
 370        if ((mci = edac_mc_del_mc(&pdev->dev)) == NULL)
 371                return;
 372
 373        edac_mc_free(mci);
 374}
 375
 376static const struct pci_device_id r82600_pci_tbl[] __devinitdata = {
 377        {
 378         PCI_DEVICE(PCI_VENDOR_ID_RADISYS, R82600_BRIDGE_ID)
 379         },
 380        {
 381         0,
 382         }                      /* 0 terminated list. */
 383};
 384
 385MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(pci, r82600_pci_tbl);
 386
 387static struct pci_driver r82600_driver = {
 388        .name = EDAC_MOD_STR,
 389        .probe = r82600_init_one,
 390        .remove = __devexit_p(r82600_remove_one),
 391        .id_table = r82600_pci_tbl,
 392};
 393
 394static int __init r82600_init(void)
 395{
 396       /* Ensure that the OPSTATE is set correctly for POLL or NMI */
 397       opstate_init();
 398
 399        return pci_register_driver(&r82600_driver);
 400}
 401
 402static void __exit r82600_exit(void)
 403{
 404        pci_unregister_driver(&r82600_driver);
 405}
 406
 407module_init(r82600_init);
 408module_exit(r82600_exit);
 409
 410MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
 411MODULE_AUTHOR("Tim Small <tim@buttersideup.com> - WPAD Ltd. "
 412                "on behalf of EADS Astrium");
 413MODULE_DESCRIPTION("MC support for Radisys 82600 memory controllers");
 414
 415module_param(disable_hardware_scrub, bool, 0644);
 416MODULE_PARM_DESC(disable_hardware_scrub,
 417                 "If set, disable the chipset's automatic scrub for CEs");
 418
 419module_param(edac_op_state, int, 0444);
 420MODULE_PARM_DESC(edac_op_state, "EDAC Error Reporting state: 0=Poll,1=NMI");
 421