linux/arch/cris/arch-v32/drivers/i2c.c
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   1/*!***************************************************************************
   2*!
   3*! FILE NAME  : i2c.c
   4*!
   5*! DESCRIPTION: implements an interface for IIC/I2C, both directly from other
   6*!              kernel modules (i2c_writereg/readreg) and from userspace using
   7*!              ioctl()'s
   8*!
   9*! Nov 30 1998  Torbjorn Eliasson  Initial version.
  10*!              Bjorn Wesen        Elinux kernel version.
  11*! Jan 14 2000  Johan Adolfsson    Fixed PB shadow register stuff -
  12*!                                 don't use PB_I2C if DS1302 uses same bits,
  13*!                                 use PB.
  14*| June 23 2003 Pieter Grimmerink  Added 'i2c_sendnack'. i2c_readreg now
  15*|                                 generates nack on last received byte,
  16*|                                 instead of ack.
  17*|                                 i2c_getack changed data level while clock
  18*|                                 was high, causing DS75 to see  a stop condition
  19*!
  20*! ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
  21*!
  22*! (C) Copyright 1999-2007 Axis Communications AB, LUND, SWEDEN
  23*!
  24*!***************************************************************************/
  25
  26/****************** INCLUDE FILES SECTION ***********************************/
  27
  28#include <linux/module.h>
  29#include <linux/sched.h>
  30#include <linux/slab.h>
  31#include <linux/errno.h>
  32#include <linux/kernel.h>
  33#include <linux/fs.h>
  34#include <linux/string.h>
  35#include <linux/init.h>
  36#include <linux/smp_lock.h>
  37
  38#include <asm/etraxi2c.h>
  39
  40#include <asm/system.h>
  41#include <asm/io.h>
  42#include <asm/delay.h>
  43
  44#include "i2c.h"
  45
  46/****************** I2C DEFINITION SECTION *************************/
  47
  48#define D(x)
  49
  50#define I2C_MAJOR 123  /* LOCAL/EXPERIMENTAL */
  51static const char i2c_name[] = "i2c";
  52
  53#define CLOCK_LOW_TIME            8
  54#define CLOCK_HIGH_TIME           8
  55#define START_CONDITION_HOLD_TIME 8
  56#define STOP_CONDITION_HOLD_TIME  8
  57#define ENABLE_OUTPUT 0x01
  58#define ENABLE_INPUT 0x00
  59#define I2C_CLOCK_HIGH 1
  60#define I2C_CLOCK_LOW 0
  61#define I2C_DATA_HIGH 1
  62#define I2C_DATA_LOW 0
  63
  64#define i2c_enable()
  65#define i2c_disable()
  66
  67/* enable or disable output-enable, to select output or input on the i2c bus */
  68
  69#define i2c_dir_out() crisv32_io_set_dir(&cris_i2c_data, crisv32_io_dir_out)
  70#define i2c_dir_in() crisv32_io_set_dir(&cris_i2c_data, crisv32_io_dir_in)
  71
  72/* control the i2c clock and data signals */
  73
  74#define i2c_clk(x) crisv32_io_set(&cris_i2c_clk, x)
  75#define i2c_data(x) crisv32_io_set(&cris_i2c_data, x)
  76
  77/* read a bit from the i2c interface */
  78
  79#define i2c_getbit() crisv32_io_rd(&cris_i2c_data)
  80
  81#define i2c_delay(usecs) udelay(usecs)
  82
  83static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(i2c_lock); /* Protect directions etc */
  84
  85/****************** VARIABLE SECTION ************************************/
  86
  87static struct crisv32_iopin cris_i2c_clk;
  88static struct crisv32_iopin cris_i2c_data;
  89
  90/****************** FUNCTION DEFINITION SECTION *************************/
  91
  92
  93/* generate i2c start condition */
  94
  95void
  96i2c_start(void)
  97{
  98        /*
  99         * SCL=1 SDA=1
 100         */
 101        i2c_dir_out();
 102        i2c_delay(CLOCK_HIGH_TIME/6);
 103        i2c_data(I2C_DATA_HIGH);
 104        i2c_clk(I2C_CLOCK_HIGH);
 105        i2c_delay(CLOCK_HIGH_TIME);
 106        /*
 107         * SCL=1 SDA=0
 108         */
 109        i2c_data(I2C_DATA_LOW);
 110        i2c_delay(START_CONDITION_HOLD_TIME);
 111        /*
 112         * SCL=0 SDA=0
 113         */
 114        i2c_clk(I2C_CLOCK_LOW);
 115        i2c_delay(CLOCK_LOW_TIME);
 116}
 117
 118/* generate i2c stop condition */
 119
 120void
 121i2c_stop(void)
 122{
 123        i2c_dir_out();
 124
 125        /*
 126         * SCL=0 SDA=0
 127         */
 128        i2c_clk(I2C_CLOCK_LOW);
 129        i2c_data(I2C_DATA_LOW);
 130        i2c_delay(CLOCK_LOW_TIME*2);
 131        /*
 132         * SCL=1 SDA=0
 133         */
 134        i2c_clk(I2C_CLOCK_HIGH);
 135        i2c_delay(CLOCK_HIGH_TIME*2);
 136        /*
 137         * SCL=1 SDA=1
 138         */
 139        i2c_data(I2C_DATA_HIGH);
 140        i2c_delay(STOP_CONDITION_HOLD_TIME);
 141
 142        i2c_dir_in();
 143}
 144
 145/* write a byte to the i2c interface */
 146
 147void
 148i2c_outbyte(unsigned char x)
 149{
 150        int i;
 151
 152        i2c_dir_out();
 153
 154        for (i = 0; i < 8; i++) {
 155                if (x & 0x80) {
 156                        i2c_data(I2C_DATA_HIGH);
 157                } else {
 158                        i2c_data(I2C_DATA_LOW);
 159                }
 160
 161                i2c_delay(CLOCK_LOW_TIME/2);
 162                i2c_clk(I2C_CLOCK_HIGH);
 163                i2c_delay(CLOCK_HIGH_TIME);
 164                i2c_clk(I2C_CLOCK_LOW);
 165                i2c_delay(CLOCK_LOW_TIME/2);
 166                x <<= 1;
 167        }
 168        i2c_data(I2C_DATA_LOW);
 169        i2c_delay(CLOCK_LOW_TIME/2);
 170
 171        /*
 172         * enable input
 173         */
 174        i2c_dir_in();
 175}
 176
 177/* read a byte from the i2c interface */
 178
 179unsigned char
 180i2c_inbyte(void)
 181{
 182        unsigned char aBitByte = 0;
 183        int i;
 184
 185        /* Switch off I2C to get bit */
 186        i2c_disable();
 187        i2c_dir_in();
 188        i2c_delay(CLOCK_HIGH_TIME/2);
 189
 190        /* Get bit */
 191        aBitByte |= i2c_getbit();
 192
 193        /* Enable I2C */
 194        i2c_enable();
 195        i2c_delay(CLOCK_LOW_TIME/2);
 196
 197        for (i = 1; i < 8; i++) {
 198                aBitByte <<= 1;
 199                /* Clock pulse */
 200                i2c_clk(I2C_CLOCK_HIGH);
 201                i2c_delay(CLOCK_HIGH_TIME);
 202                i2c_clk(I2C_CLOCK_LOW);
 203                i2c_delay(CLOCK_LOW_TIME);
 204
 205                /* Switch off I2C to get bit */
 206                i2c_disable();
 207                i2c_dir_in();
 208                i2c_delay(CLOCK_HIGH_TIME/2);
 209
 210                /* Get bit */
 211                aBitByte |= i2c_getbit();
 212
 213                /* Enable I2C */
 214                i2c_enable();
 215                i2c_delay(CLOCK_LOW_TIME/2);
 216        }
 217        i2c_clk(I2C_CLOCK_HIGH);
 218        i2c_delay(CLOCK_HIGH_TIME);
 219
 220        /*
 221         * we leave the clock low, getbyte is usually followed
 222         * by sendack/nack, they assume the clock to be low
 223         */
 224        i2c_clk(I2C_CLOCK_LOW);
 225        return aBitByte;
 226}
 227
 228/*#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
 229*#
 230*# FUNCTION NAME: i2c_getack
 231*#
 232*# DESCRIPTION  : checks if ack was received from ic2
 233*#
 234*#--------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
 235
 236int
 237i2c_getack(void)
 238{
 239        int ack = 1;
 240        /*
 241         * enable output
 242         */
 243        i2c_dir_out();
 244        /*
 245         * Release data bus by setting
 246         * data high
 247         */
 248        i2c_data(I2C_DATA_HIGH);
 249        /*
 250         * enable input
 251         */
 252        i2c_dir_in();
 253        i2c_delay(CLOCK_HIGH_TIME/4);
 254        /*
 255         * generate ACK clock pulse
 256         */
 257        i2c_clk(I2C_CLOCK_HIGH);
 258#if 0
 259        /*
 260         * Use PORT PB instead of I2C
 261         * for input. (I2C not working)
 262         */
 263        i2c_clk(1);
 264        i2c_data(1);
 265        /*
 266         * switch off I2C
 267         */
 268        i2c_data(1);
 269        i2c_disable();
 270        i2c_dir_in();
 271#endif
 272
 273        /*
 274         * now wait for ack
 275         */
 276        i2c_delay(CLOCK_HIGH_TIME/2);
 277        /*
 278         * check for ack
 279         */
 280        if (i2c_getbit())
 281                ack = 0;
 282        i2c_delay(CLOCK_HIGH_TIME/2);
 283        if (!ack) {
 284                if (!i2c_getbit()) /* receiver pulld SDA low */
 285                        ack = 1;
 286                i2c_delay(CLOCK_HIGH_TIME/2);
 287        }
 288
 289   /*
 290    * our clock is high now, make sure data is low
 291    * before we enable our output. If we keep data high
 292    * and enable output, we would generate a stop condition.
 293    */
 294#if 0
 295   i2c_data(I2C_DATA_LOW);
 296
 297        /*
 298         * end clock pulse
 299         */
 300        i2c_enable();
 301        i2c_dir_out();
 302#endif
 303        i2c_clk(I2C_CLOCK_LOW);
 304        i2c_delay(CLOCK_HIGH_TIME/4);
 305        /*
 306         * enable output
 307         */
 308        i2c_dir_out();
 309        /*
 310         * remove ACK clock pulse
 311         */
 312        i2c_data(I2C_DATA_HIGH);
 313        i2c_delay(CLOCK_LOW_TIME/2);
 314        return ack;
 315}
 316
 317/*#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
 318*#
 319*# FUNCTION NAME: I2C::sendAck
 320*#
 321*# DESCRIPTION  : Send ACK on received data
 322*#
 323*#--------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
 324void
 325i2c_sendack(void)
 326{
 327        /*
 328         * enable output
 329         */
 330        i2c_delay(CLOCK_LOW_TIME);
 331        i2c_dir_out();
 332        /*
 333         * set ack pulse high
 334         */
 335        i2c_data(I2C_DATA_LOW);
 336        /*
 337         * generate clock pulse
 338         */
 339        i2c_delay(CLOCK_HIGH_TIME/6);
 340        i2c_clk(I2C_CLOCK_HIGH);
 341        i2c_delay(CLOCK_HIGH_TIME);
 342        i2c_clk(I2C_CLOCK_LOW);
 343        i2c_delay(CLOCK_LOW_TIME/6);
 344        /*
 345         * reset data out
 346         */
 347        i2c_data(I2C_DATA_HIGH);
 348        i2c_delay(CLOCK_LOW_TIME);
 349
 350        i2c_dir_in();
 351}
 352
 353/*#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
 354*#
 355*# FUNCTION NAME: i2c_sendnack
 356*#
 357*# DESCRIPTION  : Sends NACK on received data
 358*#
 359*#--------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
 360void
 361i2c_sendnack(void)
 362{
 363        /*
 364         * enable output
 365         */
 366        i2c_delay(CLOCK_LOW_TIME);
 367        i2c_dir_out();
 368        /*
 369         * set data high
 370         */
 371        i2c_data(I2C_DATA_HIGH);
 372        /*
 373         * generate clock pulse
 374         */
 375        i2c_delay(CLOCK_HIGH_TIME/6);
 376        i2c_clk(I2C_CLOCK_HIGH);
 377        i2c_delay(CLOCK_HIGH_TIME);
 378        i2c_clk(I2C_CLOCK_LOW);
 379        i2c_delay(CLOCK_LOW_TIME);
 380
 381        i2c_dir_in();
 382}
 383
 384/*#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
 385*#
 386*# FUNCTION NAME: i2c_write
 387*#
 388*# DESCRIPTION  : Writes a value to an I2C device
 389*#
 390*#--------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
 391int
 392i2c_write(unsigned char theSlave, void *data, size_t nbytes)
 393{
 394        int error, cntr = 3;
 395        unsigned char bytes_wrote = 0;
 396        unsigned char value;
 397        unsigned long flags;
 398
 399        spin_lock_irqsave(&i2c_lock, flags);
 400
 401        do {
 402                error = 0;
 403
 404                i2c_start();
 405                /*
 406                 * send slave address
 407                 */
 408                i2c_outbyte((theSlave & 0xfe));
 409                /*
 410                 * wait for ack
 411                 */
 412                if (!i2c_getack())
 413                        error = 1;
 414                /*
 415                 * send data
 416                 */
 417                for (bytes_wrote = 0; bytes_wrote < nbytes; bytes_wrote++) {
 418                        memcpy(&value, data + bytes_wrote, sizeof value);
 419                        i2c_outbyte(value);
 420                        /*
 421                         * now it's time to wait for ack
 422                         */
 423                        if (!i2c_getack())
 424                                error |= 4;
 425                }
 426                /*
 427                 * end byte stream
 428                 */
 429                i2c_stop();
 430
 431        } while (error && cntr--);
 432
 433        i2c_delay(CLOCK_LOW_TIME);
 434
 435        spin_unlock_irqrestore(&i2c_lock, flags);
 436
 437        return -error;
 438}
 439
 440/*#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
 441*#
 442*# FUNCTION NAME: i2c_read
 443*#
 444*# DESCRIPTION  : Reads a value from an I2C device
 445*#
 446*#--------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
 447int
 448i2c_read(unsigned char theSlave, void *data, size_t nbytes)
 449{
 450        unsigned char b = 0;
 451        unsigned char bytes_read = 0;
 452        int error, cntr = 3;
 453        unsigned long flags;
 454
 455        spin_lock_irqsave(&i2c_lock, flags);
 456
 457        do {
 458                error = 0;
 459                memset(data, 0, nbytes);
 460                /*
 461                 * generate start condition
 462                 */
 463                i2c_start();
 464                /*
 465                 * send slave address
 466                 */
 467                i2c_outbyte((theSlave | 0x01));
 468                /*
 469                 * wait for ack
 470                 */
 471                if (!i2c_getack())
 472                        error = 1;
 473                /*
 474                 * fetch data
 475                 */
 476                for (bytes_read = 0; bytes_read < nbytes; bytes_read++) {
 477                        b = i2c_inbyte();
 478                        memcpy(data + bytes_read, &b, sizeof b);
 479
 480                        if (bytes_read < (nbytes - 1))
 481                                i2c_sendack();
 482                }
 483                /*
 484                 * last received byte needs to be nacked
 485                 * instead of acked
 486                 */
 487                i2c_sendnack();
 488                /*
 489                 * end sequence
 490                 */
 491                i2c_stop();
 492        } while (error && cntr--);
 493
 494        spin_unlock_irqrestore(&i2c_lock, flags);
 495
 496        return -error;
 497}
 498
 499/*#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
 500*#
 501*# FUNCTION NAME: i2c_writereg
 502*#
 503*# DESCRIPTION  : Writes a value to an I2C device
 504*#
 505*#--------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
 506int
 507i2c_writereg(unsigned char theSlave, unsigned char theReg,
 508             unsigned char theValue)
 509{
 510        int error, cntr = 3;
 511        unsigned long flags;
 512
 513        spin_lock_irqsave(&i2c_lock, flags);
 514
 515        do {
 516                error = 0;
 517
 518                i2c_start();
 519                /*
 520                 * send slave address
 521                 */
 522                i2c_outbyte((theSlave & 0xfe));
 523                /*
 524                 * wait for ack
 525                 */
 526                if(!i2c_getack())
 527                        error = 1;
 528                /*
 529                 * now select register
 530                 */
 531                i2c_dir_out();
 532                i2c_outbyte(theReg);
 533                /*
 534                 * now it's time to wait for ack
 535                 */
 536                if(!i2c_getack())
 537                        error |= 2;
 538                /*
 539                 * send register register data
 540                 */
 541                i2c_outbyte(theValue);
 542                /*
 543                 * now it's time to wait for ack
 544                 */
 545                if(!i2c_getack())
 546                        error |= 4;
 547                /*
 548                 * end byte stream
 549                 */
 550                i2c_stop();
 551        } while(error && cntr--);
 552
 553        i2c_delay(CLOCK_LOW_TIME);
 554
 555        spin_unlock_irqrestore(&i2c_lock, flags);
 556
 557        return -error;
 558}
 559
 560/*#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
 561*#
 562*# FUNCTION NAME: i2c_readreg
 563*#
 564*# DESCRIPTION  : Reads a value from the decoder registers.
 565*#
 566*#--------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
 567unsigned char
 568i2c_readreg(unsigned char theSlave, unsigned char theReg)
 569{
 570        unsigned char b = 0;
 571        int error, cntr = 3;
 572        unsigned long flags;
 573
 574        spin_lock_irqsave(&i2c_lock, flags);
 575
 576        do {
 577                error = 0;
 578                /*
 579                 * generate start condition
 580                 */
 581                i2c_start();
 582
 583                /*
 584                 * send slave address
 585                 */
 586                i2c_outbyte((theSlave & 0xfe));
 587                /*
 588                 * wait for ack
 589                 */
 590                if(!i2c_getack())
 591                        error = 1;
 592                /*
 593                 * now select register
 594                 */
 595                i2c_dir_out();
 596                i2c_outbyte(theReg);
 597                /*
 598                 * now it's time to wait for ack
 599                 */
 600                if(!i2c_getack())
 601                        error |= 2;
 602                /*
 603                 * repeat start condition
 604                 */
 605                i2c_delay(CLOCK_LOW_TIME);
 606                i2c_start();
 607                /*
 608                 * send slave address
 609                 */
 610                i2c_outbyte(theSlave | 0x01);
 611                /*
 612                 * wait for ack
 613                 */
 614                if(!i2c_getack())
 615                        error |= 4;
 616                /*
 617                 * fetch register
 618                 */
 619                b = i2c_inbyte();
 620                /*
 621                 * last received byte needs to be nacked
 622                 * instead of acked
 623                 */
 624                i2c_sendnack();
 625                /*
 626                 * end sequence
 627                 */
 628                i2c_stop();
 629
 630        } while(error && cntr--);
 631
 632        spin_unlock_irqrestore(&i2c_lock, flags);
 633
 634        return b;
 635}
 636
 637static int
 638i2c_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
 639{
 640        cycle_kernel_lock();
 641        return 0;
 642}
 643
 644static int
 645i2c_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
 646{
 647        return 0;
 648}
 649
 650/* Main device API. ioctl's to write or read to/from i2c registers.
 651 */
 652
 653static int
 654i2c_ioctl(struct inode *inode, struct file *file,
 655          unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
 656{
 657        if(_IOC_TYPE(cmd) != ETRAXI2C_IOCTYPE) {
 658                return -ENOTTY;
 659        }
 660
 661        switch (_IOC_NR(cmd)) {
 662                case I2C_WRITEREG:
 663                        /* write to an i2c slave */
 664                        D(printk("i2cw %d %d %d\n",
 665                                 I2C_ARGSLAVE(arg),
 666                                 I2C_ARGREG(arg),
 667                                 I2C_ARGVALUE(arg)));
 668
 669                        return i2c_writereg(I2C_ARGSLAVE(arg),
 670                                            I2C_ARGREG(arg),
 671                                            I2C_ARGVALUE(arg));
 672                case I2C_READREG:
 673                {
 674                        unsigned char val;
 675                        /* read from an i2c slave */
 676                        D(printk("i2cr %d %d ",
 677                                I2C_ARGSLAVE(arg),
 678                                I2C_ARGREG(arg)));
 679                        val = i2c_readreg(I2C_ARGSLAVE(arg), I2C_ARGREG(arg));
 680                        D(printk("= %d\n", val));
 681                        return val;
 682                }
 683                default:
 684                        return -EINVAL;
 685
 686        }
 687
 688        return 0;
 689}
 690
 691static const struct file_operations i2c_fops = {
 692        .owner =    THIS_MODULE,
 693        .ioctl =    i2c_ioctl,
 694        .open =     i2c_open,
 695        .release =  i2c_release,
 696};
 697
 698static int __init i2c_init(void)
 699{
 700        static int res;
 701        static int first = 1;
 702
 703        if (!first)
 704                return res;
 705
 706        first = 0;
 707
 708        /* Setup and enable the DATA and CLK pins */
 709
 710        res = crisv32_io_get_name(&cris_i2c_data,
 711                CONFIG_ETRAX_V32_I2C_DATA_PORT);
 712        if (res < 0)
 713                return res;
 714
 715        res = crisv32_io_get_name(&cris_i2c_clk, CONFIG_ETRAX_V32_I2C_CLK_PORT);
 716        crisv32_io_set_dir(&cris_i2c_clk, crisv32_io_dir_out);
 717
 718        return res;
 719}
 720
 721
 722static int __init i2c_register(void)
 723{
 724        int res;
 725
 726        res = i2c_init();
 727        if (res < 0)
 728                return res;
 729
 730        /* register char device */
 731
 732        res = register_chrdev(I2C_MAJOR, i2c_name, &i2c_fops);
 733        if (res < 0) {
 734                printk(KERN_ERR "i2c: couldn't get a major number.\n");
 735                return res;
 736        }
 737
 738        printk(KERN_INFO
 739                "I2C driver v2.2, (c) 1999-2007 Axis Communications AB\n");
 740
 741        return 0;
 742}
 743/* this makes sure that i2c_init is called during boot */
 744module_init(i2c_register);
 745
 746/****************** END OF FILE i2c.c ********************************/
 747