linux/drivers/media/common/saa7146_i2c.c
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   1#include <media/saa7146_vv.h>
   2
   3static u32 saa7146_i2c_func(struct i2c_adapter *adapter)
   4{
   5//fm    DEB_I2C(("'%s'.\n", adapter->name));
   6
   7        return    I2C_FUNC_I2C
   8                | I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_QUICK
   9                | I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_READ_BYTE      | I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_WRITE_BYTE
  10                | I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_READ_BYTE_DATA | I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_WRITE_BYTE_DATA;
  11}
  12
  13/* this function returns the status-register of our i2c-device */
  14static inline u32 saa7146_i2c_status(struct saa7146_dev *dev)
  15{
  16        u32 iicsta = saa7146_read(dev, I2C_STATUS);
  17/*
  18        DEB_I2C(("status: 0x%08x\n",iicsta));
  19*/
  20        return iicsta;
  21}
  22
  23/* this function runs through the i2c-messages and prepares the data to be
  24   sent through the saa7146. have a look at the specifications p. 122 ff
  25   to understand this. it returns the number of u32s to send, or -1
  26   in case of an error. */
  27static int saa7146_i2c_msg_prepare(const struct i2c_msg *m, int num, __le32 *op)
  28{
  29        int h1, h2;
  30        int i, j, addr;
  31        int mem = 0, op_count = 0;
  32
  33        /* first determine size of needed memory */
  34        for(i = 0; i < num; i++) {
  35                mem += m[i].len + 1;
  36        }
  37
  38        /* worst case: we need one u32 for three bytes to be send
  39           plus one extra byte to address the device */
  40        mem = 1 + ((mem-1) / 3);
  41
  42        /* we assume that op points to a memory of at least SAA7146_I2C_MEM bytes
  43           size. if we exceed this limit... */
  44        if ( (4*mem) > SAA7146_I2C_MEM ) {
  45//fm            DEB_I2C(("cannot prepare i2c-message.\n"));
  46                return -ENOMEM;
  47        }
  48
  49        /* be careful: clear out the i2c-mem first */
  50        memset(op,0,sizeof(__le32)*mem);
  51
  52        /* loop through all messages */
  53        for(i = 0; i < num; i++) {
  54
  55                /* insert the address of the i2c-slave.
  56                   note: we get 7 bit i2c-addresses,
  57                   so we have to perform a translation */
  58                addr = (m[i].addr*2) + ( (0 != (m[i].flags & I2C_M_RD)) ? 1 : 0);
  59                h1 = op_count/3; h2 = op_count%3;
  60                op[h1] |= cpu_to_le32(      (u8)addr << ((3-h2)*8));
  61                op[h1] |= cpu_to_le32(SAA7146_I2C_START << ((3-h2)*2));
  62                op_count++;
  63
  64                /* loop through all bytes of message i */
  65                for(j = 0; j < m[i].len; j++) {
  66                        /* insert the data bytes */
  67                        h1 = op_count/3; h2 = op_count%3;
  68                        op[h1] |= cpu_to_le32( (u32)((u8)m[i].buf[j]) << ((3-h2)*8));
  69                        op[h1] |= cpu_to_le32(       SAA7146_I2C_CONT << ((3-h2)*2));
  70                        op_count++;
  71                }
  72
  73        }
  74
  75        /* have a look at the last byte inserted:
  76          if it was: ...CONT change it to ...STOP */
  77        h1 = (op_count-1)/3; h2 = (op_count-1)%3;
  78        if ( SAA7146_I2C_CONT == (0x3 & (le32_to_cpu(op[h1]) >> ((3-h2)*2))) ) {
  79                op[h1] &= ~cpu_to_le32(0x2 << ((3-h2)*2));
  80                op[h1] |= cpu_to_le32(SAA7146_I2C_STOP << ((3-h2)*2));
  81        }
  82
  83        /* return the number of u32s to send */
  84        return mem;
  85}
  86
  87/* this functions loops through all i2c-messages. normally, it should determine
  88   which bytes were read through the adapter and write them back to the corresponding
  89   i2c-message. but instead, we simply write back all bytes.
  90   fixme: this could be improved. */
  91static int saa7146_i2c_msg_cleanup(const struct i2c_msg *m, int num, __le32 *op)
  92{
  93        int i, j;
  94        int op_count = 0;
  95
  96        /* loop through all messages */
  97        for(i = 0; i < num; i++) {
  98
  99                op_count++;
 100
 101                /* loop throgh all bytes of message i */
 102                for(j = 0; j < m[i].len; j++) {
 103                        /* write back all bytes that could have been read */
 104                        m[i].buf[j] = (le32_to_cpu(op[op_count/3]) >> ((3-(op_count%3))*8));
 105                        op_count++;
 106                }
 107        }
 108
 109        return 0;
 110}
 111
 112/* this functions resets the i2c-device and returns 0 if everything was fine, otherwise -1 */
 113static int saa7146_i2c_reset(struct saa7146_dev *dev)
 114{
 115        /* get current status */
 116        u32 status = saa7146_i2c_status(dev);
 117
 118        /* clear registers for sure */
 119        saa7146_write(dev, I2C_STATUS, dev->i2c_bitrate);
 120        saa7146_write(dev, I2C_TRANSFER, 0);
 121
 122        /* check if any operation is still in progress */
 123        if ( 0 != ( status & SAA7146_I2C_BUSY) ) {
 124
 125                /* yes, kill ongoing operation */
 126                DEB_I2C(("busy_state detected.\n"));
 127
 128                /* set "ABORT-OPERATION"-bit (bit 7)*/
 129                saa7146_write(dev, I2C_STATUS, (dev->i2c_bitrate | MASK_07));
 130                saa7146_write(dev, MC2, (MASK_00 | MASK_16));
 131                msleep(SAA7146_I2C_DELAY);
 132
 133                /* clear all error-bits pending; this is needed because p.123, note 1 */
 134                saa7146_write(dev, I2C_STATUS, dev->i2c_bitrate);
 135                saa7146_write(dev, MC2, (MASK_00 | MASK_16));
 136                msleep(SAA7146_I2C_DELAY);
 137        }
 138
 139        /* check if any error is (still) present. (this can be necessary because p.123, note 1) */
 140        status = saa7146_i2c_status(dev);
 141
 142        if ( dev->i2c_bitrate != status ) {
 143
 144                DEB_I2C(("error_state detected. status:0x%08x\n",status));
 145
 146                /* Repeat the abort operation. This seems to be necessary
 147                   after serious protocol errors caused by e.g. the SAA7740 */
 148                saa7146_write(dev, I2C_STATUS, (dev->i2c_bitrate | MASK_07));
 149                saa7146_write(dev, MC2, (MASK_00 | MASK_16));
 150                msleep(SAA7146_I2C_DELAY);
 151
 152                /* clear all error-bits pending */
 153                saa7146_write(dev, I2C_STATUS, dev->i2c_bitrate);
 154                saa7146_write(dev, MC2, (MASK_00 | MASK_16));
 155                msleep(SAA7146_I2C_DELAY);
 156
 157                /* the data sheet says it might be necessary to clear the status
 158                   twice after an abort */
 159                saa7146_write(dev, I2C_STATUS, dev->i2c_bitrate);
 160                saa7146_write(dev, MC2, (MASK_00 | MASK_16));
 161                msleep(SAA7146_I2C_DELAY);
 162        }
 163
 164        /* if any error is still present, a fatal error has occured ... */
 165        status = saa7146_i2c_status(dev);
 166        if ( dev->i2c_bitrate != status ) {
 167                DEB_I2C(("fatal error. status:0x%08x\n",status));
 168                return -1;
 169        }
 170
 171        return 0;
 172}
 173
 174/* this functions writes out the data-byte 'dword' to the i2c-device.
 175   it returns 0 if ok, -1 if the transfer failed, -2 if the transfer
 176   failed badly (e.g. address error) */
 177static int saa7146_i2c_writeout(struct saa7146_dev *dev, __le32 *dword, int short_delay)
 178{
 179        u32 status = 0, mc2 = 0;
 180        int trial = 0;
 181        unsigned long timeout;
 182
 183        /* write out i2c-command */
 184        DEB_I2C(("before: 0x%08x (status: 0x%08x), %d\n",*dword,saa7146_read(dev, I2C_STATUS), dev->i2c_op));
 185
 186        if( 0 != (SAA7146_USE_I2C_IRQ & dev->ext->flags)) {
 187
 188                saa7146_write(dev, I2C_STATUS,   dev->i2c_bitrate);
 189                saa7146_write(dev, I2C_TRANSFER, le32_to_cpu(*dword));
 190
 191                dev->i2c_op = 1;
 192                SAA7146_ISR_CLEAR(dev, MASK_16|MASK_17);
 193                SAA7146_IER_ENABLE(dev, MASK_16|MASK_17);
 194                saa7146_write(dev, MC2, (MASK_00 | MASK_16));
 195
 196                timeout = HZ/100 + 1; /* 10ms */
 197                timeout = wait_event_interruptible_timeout(dev->i2c_wq, dev->i2c_op == 0, timeout);
 198                if (timeout == -ERESTARTSYS || dev->i2c_op) {
 199                        SAA7146_IER_DISABLE(dev, MASK_16|MASK_17);
 200                        SAA7146_ISR_CLEAR(dev, MASK_16|MASK_17);
 201                        if (timeout == -ERESTARTSYS)
 202                                /* a signal arrived */
 203                                return -ERESTARTSYS;
 204
 205                        printk(KERN_WARNING "%s %s [irq]: timed out waiting for end of xfer\n",
 206                                dev->name, __func__);
 207                        return -EIO;
 208                }
 209                status = saa7146_read(dev, I2C_STATUS);
 210        } else {
 211                saa7146_write(dev, I2C_STATUS,   dev->i2c_bitrate);
 212                saa7146_write(dev, I2C_TRANSFER, le32_to_cpu(*dword));
 213                saa7146_write(dev, MC2, (MASK_00 | MASK_16));
 214
 215                /* do not poll for i2c-status before upload is complete */
 216                timeout = jiffies + HZ/100 + 1; /* 10ms */
 217                while(1) {
 218                        mc2 = (saa7146_read(dev, MC2) & 0x1);
 219                        if( 0 != mc2 ) {
 220                                break;
 221                        }
 222                        if (time_after(jiffies,timeout)) {
 223                                printk(KERN_WARNING "%s %s: timed out waiting for MC2\n",
 224                                        dev->name, __func__);
 225                                return -EIO;
 226                        }
 227                }
 228                /* wait until we get a transfer done or error */
 229                timeout = jiffies + HZ/100 + 1; /* 10ms */
 230                /* first read usually delivers bogus results... */
 231                saa7146_i2c_status(dev);
 232                while(1) {
 233                        status = saa7146_i2c_status(dev);
 234                        if ((status & 0x3) != 1)
 235                                break;
 236                        if (time_after(jiffies,timeout)) {
 237                                /* this is normal when probing the bus
 238                                 * (no answer from nonexisistant device...)
 239                                 */
 240                                printk(KERN_WARNING "%s %s [poll]: timed out waiting for end of xfer\n",
 241                                        dev->name, __func__);
 242                                return -EIO;
 243                        }
 244                        if (++trial < 50 && short_delay)
 245                                udelay(10);
 246                        else
 247                                msleep(1);
 248                }
 249        }
 250
 251        /* give a detailed status report */
 252        if ( 0 != (status & (SAA7146_I2C_SPERR | SAA7146_I2C_APERR |
 253                             SAA7146_I2C_DTERR | SAA7146_I2C_DRERR |
 254                             SAA7146_I2C_AL    | SAA7146_I2C_ERR   |
 255                             SAA7146_I2C_BUSY)) ) {
 256
 257                if ( 0 == (status & SAA7146_I2C_ERR) ||
 258                     0 == (status & SAA7146_I2C_BUSY) ) {
 259                        /* it may take some time until ERR goes high - ignore */
 260                        DEB_I2C(("unexpected i2c status %04x\n", status));
 261                }
 262                if( 0 != (status & SAA7146_I2C_SPERR) ) {
 263                        DEB_I2C(("error due to invalid start/stop condition.\n"));
 264                }
 265                if( 0 != (status & SAA7146_I2C_DTERR) ) {
 266                        DEB_I2C(("error in data transmission.\n"));
 267                }
 268                if( 0 != (status & SAA7146_I2C_DRERR) ) {
 269                        DEB_I2C(("error when receiving data.\n"));
 270                }
 271                if( 0 != (status & SAA7146_I2C_AL) ) {
 272                        DEB_I2C(("error because arbitration lost.\n"));
 273                }
 274
 275                /* we handle address-errors here */
 276                if( 0 != (status & SAA7146_I2C_APERR) ) {
 277                        DEB_I2C(("error in address phase.\n"));
 278                        return -EREMOTEIO;
 279                }
 280
 281                return -EIO;
 282        }
 283
 284        /* read back data, just in case we were reading ... */
 285        *dword = cpu_to_le32(saa7146_read(dev, I2C_TRANSFER));
 286
 287        DEB_I2C(("after: 0x%08x\n",*dword));
 288        return 0;
 289}
 290
 291static int saa7146_i2c_transfer(struct saa7146_dev *dev, const struct i2c_msg *msgs, int num, int retries)
 292{
 293        int i = 0, count = 0;
 294        __le32 *buffer = dev->d_i2c.cpu_addr;
 295        int err = 0;
 296        int address_err = 0;
 297        int short_delay = 0;
 298
 299        if (mutex_lock_interruptible(&dev->i2c_lock))
 300                return -ERESTARTSYS;
 301
 302        for(i=0;i<num;i++) {
 303                DEB_I2C(("msg:%d/%d\n",i+1,num));
 304        }
 305
 306        /* prepare the message(s), get number of u32s to transfer */
 307        count = saa7146_i2c_msg_prepare(msgs, num, buffer);
 308        if ( 0 > count ) {
 309                err = -1;
 310                goto out;
 311        }
 312
 313        if ( count > 3 || 0 != (SAA7146_I2C_SHORT_DELAY & dev->ext->flags) )
 314                short_delay = 1;
 315
 316        do {
 317                /* reset the i2c-device if necessary */
 318                err = saa7146_i2c_reset(dev);
 319                if ( 0 > err ) {
 320                        DEB_I2C(("could not reset i2c-device.\n"));
 321                        goto out;
 322                }
 323
 324                /* write out the u32s one after another */
 325                for(i = 0; i < count; i++) {
 326                        err = saa7146_i2c_writeout(dev, &buffer[i], short_delay);
 327                        if ( 0 != err) {
 328                                /* this one is unsatisfying: some i2c slaves on some
 329                                   dvb cards don't acknowledge correctly, so the saa7146
 330                                   thinks that an address error occured. in that case, the
 331                                   transaction should be retrying, even if an address error
 332                                   occured. analog saa7146 based cards extensively rely on
 333                                   i2c address probing, however, and address errors indicate that a
 334                                   device is really *not* there. retrying in that case
 335                                   increases the time the device needs to probe greatly, so
 336                                   it should be avoided. because of the fact, that only
 337                                   analog based cards use irq based i2c transactions (for dvb
 338                                   cards, this screwes up other interrupt sources), we bail out
 339                                   completely for analog cards after an address error and trust
 340                                   the saa7146 address error detection. */
 341                                if ( -EREMOTEIO == err ) {
 342                                        if( 0 != (SAA7146_USE_I2C_IRQ & dev->ext->flags)) {
 343                                                goto out;
 344                                        }
 345                                        address_err++;
 346                                }
 347                                DEB_I2C(("error while sending message(s). starting again.\n"));
 348                                break;
 349                        }
 350                }
 351                if( 0 == err ) {
 352                        err = num;
 353                        break;
 354                }
 355
 356                /* delay a bit before retrying */
 357                msleep(10);
 358
 359        } while (err != num && retries--);
 360
 361        /* if every retry had an address error, exit right away */
 362        if (address_err == retries) {
 363                goto out;
 364        }
 365
 366        /* if any things had to be read, get the results */
 367        if ( 0 != saa7146_i2c_msg_cleanup(msgs, num, buffer)) {
 368                DEB_I2C(("could not cleanup i2c-message.\n"));
 369                err = -1;
 370                goto out;
 371        }
 372
 373        /* return the number of delivered messages */
 374        DEB_I2C(("transmission successful. (msg:%d).\n",err));
 375out:
 376        /* another bug in revision 0: the i2c-registers get uploaded randomly by other
 377           uploads, so we better clear them out before continueing */
 378        if( 0 == dev->revision ) {
 379                __le32 zero = 0;
 380                saa7146_i2c_reset(dev);
 381                if( 0 != saa7146_i2c_writeout(dev, &zero, short_delay)) {
 382                        INFO(("revision 0 error. this should never happen.\n"));
 383                }
 384        }
 385
 386        mutex_unlock(&dev->i2c_lock);
 387        return err;
 388}
 389
 390/* utility functions */
 391static int saa7146_i2c_xfer(struct i2c_adapter* adapter, struct i2c_msg *msg, int num)
 392{
 393        struct saa7146_dev* dev = i2c_get_adapdata(adapter);
 394
 395        /* use helper function to transfer data */
 396        return saa7146_i2c_transfer(dev, msg, num, adapter->retries);
 397}
 398
 399
 400/*****************************************************************************/
 401/* i2c-adapter helper functions                                              */
 402#include <linux/i2c-id.h>
 403
 404/* exported algorithm data */
 405static struct i2c_algorithm saa7146_algo = {
 406        .master_xfer    = saa7146_i2c_xfer,
 407        .functionality  = saa7146_i2c_func,
 408};
 409
 410int saa7146_i2c_adapter_prepare(struct saa7146_dev *dev, struct i2c_adapter *i2c_adapter, u32 bitrate)
 411{
 412        DEB_EE(("bitrate: 0x%08x\n",bitrate));
 413
 414        /* enable i2c-port pins */
 415        saa7146_write(dev, MC1, (MASK_08 | MASK_24));
 416
 417        dev->i2c_bitrate = bitrate;
 418        saa7146_i2c_reset(dev);
 419
 420        if( NULL != i2c_adapter ) {
 421                BUG_ON(!i2c_adapter->class);
 422                i2c_set_adapdata(i2c_adapter,dev);
 423                i2c_adapter->dev.parent    = &dev->pci->dev;
 424                i2c_adapter->algo          = &saa7146_algo;
 425                i2c_adapter->algo_data     = NULL;
 426                i2c_adapter->id            = I2C_HW_SAA7146;
 427                i2c_adapter->timeout = SAA7146_I2C_TIMEOUT;
 428                i2c_adapter->retries = SAA7146_I2C_RETRIES;
 429        }
 430
 431        return 0;
 432}
 433