linux/include/linux/ioport.h
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   1/*
   2 * ioport.h     Definitions of routines for detecting, reserving and
   3 *              allocating system resources.
   4 *
   5 * Authors:     Linus Torvalds
   6 */
   7
   8#ifndef _LINUX_IOPORT_H
   9#define _LINUX_IOPORT_H
  10
  11#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
  12#include <linux/compiler.h>
  13#include <linux/types.h>
  14/*
  15 * Resources are tree-like, allowing
  16 * nesting etc..
  17 */
  18struct resource {
  19        resource_size_t start;
  20        resource_size_t end;
  21        const char *name;
  22        unsigned long flags;
  23        struct resource *parent, *sibling, *child;
  24};
  25
  26/*
  27 * IO resources have these defined flags.
  28 */
  29#define IORESOURCE_BITS         0x000000ff      /* Bus-specific bits */
  30
  31#define IORESOURCE_TYPE_BITS    0x00001f00      /* Resource type */
  32#define IORESOURCE_IO           0x00000100      /* PCI/ISA I/O ports */
  33#define IORESOURCE_MEM          0x00000200
  34#define IORESOURCE_REG          0x00000300      /* Register offsets */
  35#define IORESOURCE_IRQ          0x00000400
  36#define IORESOURCE_DMA          0x00000800
  37#define IORESOURCE_BUS          0x00001000
  38
  39#define IORESOURCE_PREFETCH     0x00002000      /* No side effects */
  40#define IORESOURCE_READONLY     0x00004000
  41#define IORESOURCE_CACHEABLE    0x00008000
  42#define IORESOURCE_RANGELENGTH  0x00010000
  43#define IORESOURCE_SHADOWABLE   0x00020000
  44
  45#define IORESOURCE_SIZEALIGN    0x00040000      /* size indicates alignment */
  46#define IORESOURCE_STARTALIGN   0x00080000      /* start field is alignment */
  47
  48#define IORESOURCE_MEM_64       0x00100000
  49#define IORESOURCE_WINDOW       0x00200000      /* forwarded by bridge */
  50#define IORESOURCE_MUXED        0x00400000      /* Resource is software muxed */
  51
  52#define IORESOURCE_EXCLUSIVE    0x08000000      /* Userland may not map this resource */
  53#define IORESOURCE_DISABLED     0x10000000
  54#define IORESOURCE_UNSET        0x20000000
  55#define IORESOURCE_AUTO         0x40000000
  56#define IORESOURCE_BUSY         0x80000000      /* Driver has marked this resource busy */
  57
  58/* PnP IRQ specific bits (IORESOURCE_BITS) */
  59#define IORESOURCE_IRQ_HIGHEDGE         (1<<0)
  60#define IORESOURCE_IRQ_LOWEDGE          (1<<1)
  61#define IORESOURCE_IRQ_HIGHLEVEL        (1<<2)
  62#define IORESOURCE_IRQ_LOWLEVEL         (1<<3)
  63#define IORESOURCE_IRQ_SHAREABLE        (1<<4)
  64#define IORESOURCE_IRQ_OPTIONAL         (1<<5)
  65
  66/* PnP DMA specific bits (IORESOURCE_BITS) */
  67#define IORESOURCE_DMA_TYPE_MASK        (3<<0)
  68#define IORESOURCE_DMA_8BIT             (0<<0)
  69#define IORESOURCE_DMA_8AND16BIT        (1<<0)
  70#define IORESOURCE_DMA_16BIT            (2<<0)
  71
  72#define IORESOURCE_DMA_MASTER           (1<<2)
  73#define IORESOURCE_DMA_BYTE             (1<<3)
  74#define IORESOURCE_DMA_WORD             (1<<4)
  75
  76#define IORESOURCE_DMA_SPEED_MASK       (3<<6)
  77#define IORESOURCE_DMA_COMPATIBLE       (0<<6)
  78#define IORESOURCE_DMA_TYPEA            (1<<6)
  79#define IORESOURCE_DMA_TYPEB            (2<<6)
  80#define IORESOURCE_DMA_TYPEF            (3<<6)
  81
  82/* PnP memory I/O specific bits (IORESOURCE_BITS) */
  83#define IORESOURCE_MEM_WRITEABLE        (1<<0)  /* dup: IORESOURCE_READONLY */
  84#define IORESOURCE_MEM_CACHEABLE        (1<<1)  /* dup: IORESOURCE_CACHEABLE */
  85#define IORESOURCE_MEM_RANGELENGTH      (1<<2)  /* dup: IORESOURCE_RANGELENGTH */
  86#define IORESOURCE_MEM_TYPE_MASK        (3<<3)
  87#define IORESOURCE_MEM_8BIT             (0<<3)
  88#define IORESOURCE_MEM_16BIT            (1<<3)
  89#define IORESOURCE_MEM_8AND16BIT        (2<<3)
  90#define IORESOURCE_MEM_32BIT            (3<<3)
  91#define IORESOURCE_MEM_SHADOWABLE       (1<<5)  /* dup: IORESOURCE_SHADOWABLE */
  92#define IORESOURCE_MEM_EXPANSIONROM     (1<<6)
  93
  94/* PnP I/O specific bits (IORESOURCE_BITS) */
  95#define IORESOURCE_IO_16BIT_ADDR        (1<<0)
  96#define IORESOURCE_IO_FIXED             (1<<1)
  97
  98/* PCI ROM control bits (IORESOURCE_BITS) */
  99#define IORESOURCE_ROM_ENABLE           (1<<0)  /* ROM is enabled, same as PCI_ROM_ADDRESS_ENABLE */
 100#define IORESOURCE_ROM_SHADOW           (1<<1)  /* ROM is copy at C000:0 */
 101#define IORESOURCE_ROM_COPY             (1<<2)  /* ROM is alloc'd copy, resource field overlaid */
 102#define IORESOURCE_ROM_BIOS_COPY        (1<<3)  /* ROM is BIOS copy, resource field overlaid */
 103
 104/* PCI control bits.  Shares IORESOURCE_BITS with above PCI ROM.  */
 105#define IORESOURCE_PCI_FIXED            (1<<4)  /* Do not move resource */
 106
 107
 108/* helpers to define resources */
 109#define DEFINE_RES_NAMED(_start, _size, _name, _flags)                  \
 110        {                                                               \
 111                .start = (_start),                                      \
 112                .end = (_start) + (_size) - 1,                          \
 113                .name = (_name),                                        \
 114                .flags = (_flags),                                      \
 115        }
 116
 117#define DEFINE_RES_IO_NAMED(_start, _size, _name)                       \
 118        DEFINE_RES_NAMED((_start), (_size), (_name), IORESOURCE_IO)
 119#define DEFINE_RES_IO(_start, _size)                                    \
 120        DEFINE_RES_IO_NAMED((_start), (_size), NULL)
 121
 122#define DEFINE_RES_MEM_NAMED(_start, _size, _name)                      \
 123        DEFINE_RES_NAMED((_start), (_size), (_name), IORESOURCE_MEM)
 124#define DEFINE_RES_MEM(_start, _size)                                   \
 125        DEFINE_RES_MEM_NAMED((_start), (_size), NULL)
 126
 127#define DEFINE_RES_IRQ_NAMED(_irq, _name)                               \
 128        DEFINE_RES_NAMED((_irq), 1, (_name), IORESOURCE_IRQ)
 129#define DEFINE_RES_IRQ(_irq)                                            \
 130        DEFINE_RES_IRQ_NAMED((_irq), NULL)
 131
 132#define DEFINE_RES_DMA_NAMED(_dma, _name)                               \
 133        DEFINE_RES_NAMED((_dma), 1, (_name), IORESOURCE_DMA)
 134#define DEFINE_RES_DMA(_dma)                                            \
 135        DEFINE_RES_DMA_NAMED((_dma), NULL)
 136
 137/* PC/ISA/whatever - the normal PC address spaces: IO and memory */
 138extern struct resource ioport_resource;
 139extern struct resource iomem_resource;
 140
 141extern struct resource *request_resource_conflict(struct resource *root, struct resource *new);
 142extern int request_resource(struct resource *root, struct resource *new);
 143extern int release_resource(struct resource *new);
 144void release_child_resources(struct resource *new);
 145extern void reserve_region_with_split(struct resource *root,
 146                             resource_size_t start, resource_size_t end,
 147                             const char *name);
 148extern struct resource *insert_resource_conflict(struct resource *parent, struct resource *new);
 149extern int insert_resource(struct resource *parent, struct resource *new);
 150extern void insert_resource_expand_to_fit(struct resource *root, struct resource *new);
 151extern void arch_remove_reservations(struct resource *avail);
 152extern int allocate_resource(struct resource *root, struct resource *new,
 153                             resource_size_t size, resource_size_t min,
 154                             resource_size_t max, resource_size_t align,
 155                             resource_size_t (*alignf)(void *,
 156                                                       const struct resource *,
 157                                                       resource_size_t,
 158                                                       resource_size_t),
 159                             void *alignf_data);
 160struct resource *lookup_resource(struct resource *root, resource_size_t start);
 161int adjust_resource(struct resource *res, resource_size_t start,
 162                    resource_size_t size);
 163resource_size_t resource_alignment(struct resource *res);
 164static inline resource_size_t resource_size(const struct resource *res)
 165{
 166        return res->end - res->start + 1;
 167}
 168static inline unsigned long resource_type(const struct resource *res)
 169{
 170        return res->flags & IORESOURCE_TYPE_BITS;
 171}
 172
 173/* Convenience shorthand with allocation */
 174#define request_region(start,n,name)            __request_region(&ioport_resource, (start), (n), (name), 0)
 175#define request_muxed_region(start,n,name)      __request_region(&ioport_resource, (start), (n), (name), IORESOURCE_MUXED)
 176#define __request_mem_region(start,n,name, excl) __request_region(&iomem_resource, (start), (n), (name), excl)
 177#define request_mem_region(start,n,name) __request_region(&iomem_resource, (start), (n), (name), 0)
 178#define request_mem_region_exclusive(start,n,name) \
 179        __request_region(&iomem_resource, (start), (n), (name), IORESOURCE_EXCLUSIVE)
 180#define rename_region(region, newname) do { (region)->name = (newname); } while (0)
 181
 182extern struct resource * __request_region(struct resource *,
 183                                        resource_size_t start,
 184                                        resource_size_t n,
 185                                        const char *name, int flags);
 186
 187/* Compatibility cruft */
 188#define release_region(start,n) __release_region(&ioport_resource, (start), (n))
 189#define check_mem_region(start,n)       __check_region(&iomem_resource, (start), (n))
 190#define release_mem_region(start,n)     __release_region(&iomem_resource, (start), (n))
 191
 192extern int __check_region(struct resource *, resource_size_t, resource_size_t);
 193extern void __release_region(struct resource *, resource_size_t,
 194                                resource_size_t);
 195
 196static inline int __deprecated check_region(resource_size_t s,
 197                                                resource_size_t n)
 198{
 199        return __check_region(&ioport_resource, s, n);
 200}
 201
 202/* Wrappers for managed devices */
 203struct device;
 204#define devm_request_region(dev,start,n,name) \
 205        __devm_request_region(dev, &ioport_resource, (start), (n), (name))
 206#define devm_request_mem_region(dev,start,n,name) \
 207        __devm_request_region(dev, &iomem_resource, (start), (n), (name))
 208
 209extern struct resource * __devm_request_region(struct device *dev,
 210                                struct resource *parent, resource_size_t start,
 211                                resource_size_t n, const char *name);
 212
 213#define devm_release_region(dev, start, n) \
 214        __devm_release_region(dev, &ioport_resource, (start), (n))
 215#define devm_release_mem_region(dev, start, n) \
 216        __devm_release_region(dev, &iomem_resource, (start), (n))
 217
 218extern void __devm_release_region(struct device *dev, struct resource *parent,
 219                                  resource_size_t start, resource_size_t n);
 220extern int iomem_map_sanity_check(resource_size_t addr, unsigned long size);
 221extern int iomem_is_exclusive(u64 addr);
 222
 223extern int
 224walk_system_ram_range(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long nr_pages,
 225                void *arg, int (*func)(unsigned long, unsigned long, void *));
 226
 227/* True if any part of r1 overlaps r2 */
 228static inline bool resource_overlaps(struct resource *r1, struct resource *r2)
 229{
 230       return (r1->start <= r2->end && r1->end >= r2->start);
 231}
 232
 233
 234#endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */
 235#endif  /* _LINUX_IOPORT_H */
 236
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