linux/drivers/uio/uio.c
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   1/*
   2 * drivers/uio/uio.c
   3 *
   4 * Copyright(C) 2005, Benedikt Spranger <b.spranger@linutronix.de>
   5 * Copyright(C) 2005, Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
   6 * Copyright(C) 2006, Hans J. Koch <hjk@hansjkoch.de>
   7 * Copyright(C) 2006, Greg Kroah-Hartman <greg@kroah.com>
   8 *
   9 * Userspace IO
  10 *
  11 * Base Functions
  12 *
  13 * Licensed under the GPLv2 only.
  14 */
  15
  16#include <linux/module.h>
  17#include <linux/init.h>
  18#include <linux/poll.h>
  19#include <linux/device.h>
  20#include <linux/slab.h>
  21#include <linux/mm.h>
  22#include <linux/idr.h>
  23#include <linux/sched.h>
  24#include <linux/string.h>
  25#include <linux/kobject.h>
  26#include <linux/cdev.h>
  27#include <linux/uio_driver.h>
  28
  29#define UIO_MAX_DEVICES         (1U << MINORBITS)
  30
  31struct uio_device {
  32        struct module           *owner;
  33        struct device           *dev;
  34        int                     minor;
  35        atomic_t                event;
  36        struct fasync_struct    *async_queue;
  37        wait_queue_head_t       wait;
  38        int                     vma_count;
  39        struct uio_info         *info;
  40        struct kobject          *map_dir;
  41        struct kobject          *portio_dir;
  42};
  43
  44static int uio_major;
  45static struct cdev *uio_cdev;
  46static DEFINE_IDR(uio_idr);
  47static const struct file_operations uio_fops;
  48
  49/* Protect idr accesses */
  50static DEFINE_MUTEX(minor_lock);
  51
  52/*
  53 * attributes
  54 */
  55
  56struct uio_map {
  57        struct kobject kobj;
  58        struct uio_mem *mem;
  59};
  60#define to_map(map) container_of(map, struct uio_map, kobj)
  61
  62static ssize_t map_name_show(struct uio_mem *mem, char *buf)
  63{
  64        if (unlikely(!mem->name))
  65                mem->name = "";
  66
  67        return sprintf(buf, "%s\n", mem->name);
  68}
  69
  70static ssize_t map_addr_show(struct uio_mem *mem, char *buf)
  71{
  72        return sprintf(buf, "0x%llx\n", (unsigned long long)mem->addr);
  73}
  74
  75static ssize_t map_size_show(struct uio_mem *mem, char *buf)
  76{
  77        return sprintf(buf, "0x%lx\n", mem->size);
  78}
  79
  80static ssize_t map_offset_show(struct uio_mem *mem, char *buf)
  81{
  82        return sprintf(buf, "0x%llx\n", (unsigned long long)mem->addr & ~PAGE_MASK);
  83}
  84
  85struct map_sysfs_entry {
  86        struct attribute attr;
  87        ssize_t (*show)(struct uio_mem *, char *);
  88        ssize_t (*store)(struct uio_mem *, const char *, size_t);
  89};
  90
  91static struct map_sysfs_entry name_attribute =
  92        __ATTR(name, S_IRUGO, map_name_show, NULL);
  93static struct map_sysfs_entry addr_attribute =
  94        __ATTR(addr, S_IRUGO, map_addr_show, NULL);
  95static struct map_sysfs_entry size_attribute =
  96        __ATTR(size, S_IRUGO, map_size_show, NULL);
  97static struct map_sysfs_entry offset_attribute =
  98        __ATTR(offset, S_IRUGO, map_offset_show, NULL);
  99
 100static struct attribute *attrs[] = {
 101        &name_attribute.attr,
 102        &addr_attribute.attr,
 103        &size_attribute.attr,
 104        &offset_attribute.attr,
 105        NULL,   /* need to NULL terminate the list of attributes */
 106};
 107
 108static void map_release(struct kobject *kobj)
 109{
 110        struct uio_map *map = to_map(kobj);
 111        kfree(map);
 112}
 113
 114static ssize_t map_type_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct attribute *attr,
 115                             char *buf)
 116{
 117        struct uio_map *map = to_map(kobj);
 118        struct uio_mem *mem = map->mem;
 119        struct map_sysfs_entry *entry;
 120
 121        entry = container_of(attr, struct map_sysfs_entry, attr);
 122
 123        if (!entry->show)
 124                return -EIO;
 125
 126        return entry->show(mem, buf);
 127}
 128
 129static const struct sysfs_ops map_sysfs_ops = {
 130        .show = map_type_show,
 131};
 132
 133static struct kobj_type map_attr_type = {
 134        .release        = map_release,
 135        .sysfs_ops      = &map_sysfs_ops,
 136        .default_attrs  = attrs,
 137};
 138
 139struct uio_portio {
 140        struct kobject kobj;
 141        struct uio_port *port;
 142};
 143#define to_portio(portio) container_of(portio, struct uio_portio, kobj)
 144
 145static ssize_t portio_name_show(struct uio_port *port, char *buf)
 146{
 147        if (unlikely(!port->name))
 148                port->name = "";
 149
 150        return sprintf(buf, "%s\n", port->name);
 151}
 152
 153static ssize_t portio_start_show(struct uio_port *port, char *buf)
 154{
 155        return sprintf(buf, "0x%lx\n", port->start);
 156}
 157
 158static ssize_t portio_size_show(struct uio_port *port, char *buf)
 159{
 160        return sprintf(buf, "0x%lx\n", port->size);
 161}
 162
 163static ssize_t portio_porttype_show(struct uio_port *port, char *buf)
 164{
 165        const char *porttypes[] = {"none", "x86", "gpio", "other"};
 166
 167        if ((port->porttype < 0) || (port->porttype > UIO_PORT_OTHER))
 168                return -EINVAL;
 169
 170        return sprintf(buf, "port_%s\n", porttypes[port->porttype]);
 171}
 172
 173struct portio_sysfs_entry {
 174        struct attribute attr;
 175        ssize_t (*show)(struct uio_port *, char *);
 176        ssize_t (*store)(struct uio_port *, const char *, size_t);
 177};
 178
 179static struct portio_sysfs_entry portio_name_attribute =
 180        __ATTR(name, S_IRUGO, portio_name_show, NULL);
 181static struct portio_sysfs_entry portio_start_attribute =
 182        __ATTR(start, S_IRUGO, portio_start_show, NULL);
 183static struct portio_sysfs_entry portio_size_attribute =
 184        __ATTR(size, S_IRUGO, portio_size_show, NULL);
 185static struct portio_sysfs_entry portio_porttype_attribute =
 186        __ATTR(porttype, S_IRUGO, portio_porttype_show, NULL);
 187
 188static struct attribute *portio_attrs[] = {
 189        &portio_name_attribute.attr,
 190        &portio_start_attribute.attr,
 191        &portio_size_attribute.attr,
 192        &portio_porttype_attribute.attr,
 193        NULL,
 194};
 195
 196static void portio_release(struct kobject *kobj)
 197{
 198        struct uio_portio *portio = to_portio(kobj);
 199        kfree(portio);
 200}
 201
 202static ssize_t portio_type_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct attribute *attr,
 203                             char *buf)
 204{
 205        struct uio_portio *portio = to_portio(kobj);
 206        struct uio_port *port = portio->port;
 207        struct portio_sysfs_entry *entry;
 208
 209        entry = container_of(attr, struct portio_sysfs_entry, attr);
 210
 211        if (!entry->show)
 212                return -EIO;
 213
 214        return entry->show(port, buf);
 215}
 216
 217static const struct sysfs_ops portio_sysfs_ops = {
 218        .show = portio_type_show,
 219};
 220
 221static struct kobj_type portio_attr_type = {
 222        .release        = portio_release,
 223        .sysfs_ops      = &portio_sysfs_ops,
 224        .default_attrs  = portio_attrs,
 225};
 226
 227static ssize_t show_name(struct device *dev,
 228                         struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
 229{
 230        struct uio_device *idev = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
 231        return sprintf(buf, "%s\n", idev->info->name);
 232}
 233
 234static ssize_t show_version(struct device *dev,
 235                            struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
 236{
 237        struct uio_device *idev = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
 238        return sprintf(buf, "%s\n", idev->info->version);
 239}
 240
 241static ssize_t show_event(struct device *dev,
 242                          struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
 243{
 244        struct uio_device *idev = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
 245        return sprintf(buf, "%u\n", (unsigned int)atomic_read(&idev->event));
 246}
 247
 248static struct device_attribute uio_class_attributes[] = {
 249        __ATTR(name, S_IRUGO, show_name, NULL),
 250        __ATTR(version, S_IRUGO, show_version, NULL),
 251        __ATTR(event, S_IRUGO, show_event, NULL),
 252        {}
 253};
 254
 255/* UIO class infrastructure */
 256static struct class uio_class = {
 257        .name = "uio",
 258        .dev_attrs = uio_class_attributes,
 259};
 260
 261/*
 262 * device functions
 263 */
 264static int uio_dev_add_attributes(struct uio_device *idev)
 265{
 266        int ret;
 267        int mi, pi;
 268        int map_found = 0;
 269        int portio_found = 0;
 270        struct uio_mem *mem;
 271        struct uio_map *map;
 272        struct uio_port *port;
 273        struct uio_portio *portio;
 274
 275        for (mi = 0; mi < MAX_UIO_MAPS; mi++) {
 276                mem = &idev->info->mem[mi];
 277                if (mem->size == 0)
 278                        break;
 279                if (!map_found) {
 280                        map_found = 1;
 281                        idev->map_dir = kobject_create_and_add("maps",
 282                                                        &idev->dev->kobj);
 283                        if (!idev->map_dir)
 284                                goto err_map;
 285                }
 286                map = kzalloc(sizeof(*map), GFP_KERNEL);
 287                if (!map)
 288                        goto err_map;
 289                kobject_init(&map->kobj, &map_attr_type);
 290                map->mem = mem;
 291                mem->map = map;
 292                ret = kobject_add(&map->kobj, idev->map_dir, "map%d", mi);
 293                if (ret)
 294                        goto err_map;
 295                ret = kobject_uevent(&map->kobj, KOBJ_ADD);
 296                if (ret)
 297                        goto err_map;
 298        }
 299
 300        for (pi = 0; pi < MAX_UIO_PORT_REGIONS; pi++) {
 301                port = &idev->info->port[pi];
 302                if (port->size == 0)
 303                        break;
 304                if (!portio_found) {
 305                        portio_found = 1;
 306                        idev->portio_dir = kobject_create_and_add("portio",
 307                                                        &idev->dev->kobj);
 308                        if (!idev->portio_dir)
 309                                goto err_portio;
 310                }
 311                portio = kzalloc(sizeof(*portio), GFP_KERNEL);
 312                if (!portio)
 313                        goto err_portio;
 314                kobject_init(&portio->kobj, &portio_attr_type);
 315                portio->port = port;
 316                port->portio = portio;
 317                ret = kobject_add(&portio->kobj, idev->portio_dir,
 318                                                        "port%d", pi);
 319                if (ret)
 320                        goto err_portio;
 321                ret = kobject_uevent(&portio->kobj, KOBJ_ADD);
 322                if (ret)
 323                        goto err_portio;
 324        }
 325
 326        return 0;
 327
 328err_portio:
 329        for (pi--; pi >= 0; pi--) {
 330                port = &idev->info->port[pi];
 331                portio = port->portio;
 332                kobject_put(&portio->kobj);
 333        }
 334        kobject_put(idev->portio_dir);
 335err_map:
 336        for (mi--; mi>=0; mi--) {
 337                mem = &idev->info->mem[mi];
 338                map = mem->map;
 339                kobject_put(&map->kobj);
 340        }
 341        kobject_put(idev->map_dir);
 342        dev_err(idev->dev, "error creating sysfs files (%d)\n", ret);
 343        return ret;
 344}
 345
 346static void uio_dev_del_attributes(struct uio_device *idev)
 347{
 348        int i;
 349        struct uio_mem *mem;
 350        struct uio_port *port;
 351
 352        for (i = 0; i < MAX_UIO_MAPS; i++) {
 353                mem = &idev->info->mem[i];
 354                if (mem->size == 0)
 355                        break;
 356                kobject_put(&mem->map->kobj);
 357        }
 358        kobject_put(idev->map_dir);
 359
 360        for (i = 0; i < MAX_UIO_PORT_REGIONS; i++) {
 361                port = &idev->info->port[i];
 362                if (port->size == 0)
 363                        break;
 364                kobject_put(&port->portio->kobj);
 365        }
 366        kobject_put(idev->portio_dir);
 367}
 368
 369static int uio_get_minor(struct uio_device *idev)
 370{
 371        int retval = -ENOMEM;
 372
 373        mutex_lock(&minor_lock);
 374        retval = idr_alloc(&uio_idr, idev, 0, UIO_MAX_DEVICES, GFP_KERNEL);
 375        if (retval >= 0) {
 376                idev->minor = retval;
 377        } else if (retval == -ENOSPC) {
 378                dev_err(idev->dev, "too many uio devices\n");
 379                retval = -EINVAL;
 380        }
 381        mutex_unlock(&minor_lock);
 382        return retval;
 383}
 384
 385static void uio_free_minor(struct uio_device *idev)
 386{
 387        mutex_lock(&minor_lock);
 388        idr_remove(&uio_idr, idev->minor);
 389        mutex_unlock(&minor_lock);
 390}
 391
 392/**
 393 * uio_event_notify - trigger an interrupt event
 394 * @info: UIO device capabilities
 395 */
 396void uio_event_notify(struct uio_info *info)
 397{
 398        struct uio_device *idev = info->uio_dev;
 399
 400        atomic_inc(&idev->event);
 401        wake_up_interruptible(&idev->wait);
 402        kill_fasync(&idev->async_queue, SIGIO, POLL_IN);
 403}
 404EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(uio_event_notify);
 405
 406/**
 407 * uio_interrupt - hardware interrupt handler
 408 * @irq: IRQ number, can be UIO_IRQ_CYCLIC for cyclic timer
 409 * @dev_id: Pointer to the devices uio_device structure
 410 */
 411static irqreturn_t uio_interrupt(int irq, void *dev_id)
 412{
 413        struct uio_device *idev = (struct uio_device *)dev_id;
 414        irqreturn_t ret = idev->info->handler(irq, idev->info);
 415
 416        if (ret == IRQ_HANDLED)
 417                uio_event_notify(idev->info);
 418
 419        return ret;
 420}
 421
 422struct uio_listener {
 423        struct uio_device *dev;
 424        s32 event_count;
 425};
 426
 427static int uio_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filep)
 428{
 429        struct uio_device *idev;
 430        struct uio_listener *listener;
 431        int ret = 0;
 432
 433        mutex_lock(&minor_lock);
 434        idev = idr_find(&uio_idr, iminor(inode));
 435        mutex_unlock(&minor_lock);
 436        if (!idev) {
 437                ret = -ENODEV;
 438                goto out;
 439        }
 440
 441        if (!try_module_get(idev->owner)) {
 442                ret = -ENODEV;
 443                goto out;
 444        }
 445
 446        listener = kmalloc(sizeof(*listener), GFP_KERNEL);
 447        if (!listener) {
 448                ret = -ENOMEM;
 449                goto err_alloc_listener;
 450        }
 451
 452        listener->dev = idev;
 453        listener->event_count = atomic_read(&idev->event);
 454        filep->private_data = listener;
 455
 456        if (idev->info->open) {
 457                ret = idev->info->open(idev->info, inode);
 458                if (ret)
 459                        goto err_infoopen;
 460        }
 461        return 0;
 462
 463err_infoopen:
 464        kfree(listener);
 465
 466err_alloc_listener:
 467        module_put(idev->owner);
 468
 469out:
 470        return ret;
 471}
 472
 473static int uio_fasync(int fd, struct file *filep, int on)
 474{
 475        struct uio_listener *listener = filep->private_data;
 476        struct uio_device *idev = listener->dev;
 477
 478        return fasync_helper(fd, filep, on, &idev->async_queue);
 479}
 480
 481static int uio_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *filep)
 482{
 483        int ret = 0;
 484        struct uio_listener *listener = filep->private_data;
 485        struct uio_device *idev = listener->dev;
 486
 487        if (idev->info->release)
 488                ret = idev->info->release(idev->info, inode);
 489
 490        module_put(idev->owner);
 491        kfree(listener);
 492        return ret;
 493}
 494
 495static unsigned int uio_poll(struct file *filep, poll_table *wait)
 496{
 497        struct uio_listener *listener = filep->private_data;
 498        struct uio_device *idev = listener->dev;
 499
 500        if (!idev->info->irq)
 501                return -EIO;
 502
 503        poll_wait(filep, &idev->wait, wait);
 504        if (listener->event_count != atomic_read(&idev->event))
 505                return POLLIN | POLLRDNORM;
 506        return 0;
 507}
 508
 509static ssize_t uio_read(struct file *filep, char __user *buf,
 510                        size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
 511{
 512        struct uio_listener *listener = filep->private_data;
 513        struct uio_device *idev = listener->dev;
 514        DECLARE_WAITQUEUE(wait, current);
 515        ssize_t retval;
 516        s32 event_count;
 517
 518        if (!idev->info->irq)
 519                return -EIO;
 520
 521        if (count != sizeof(s32))
 522                return -EINVAL;
 523
 524        add_wait_queue(&idev->wait, &wait);
 525
 526        do {
 527                set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
 528
 529                event_count = atomic_read(&idev->event);
 530                if (event_count != listener->event_count) {
 531                        if (copy_to_user(buf, &event_count, count))
 532                                retval = -EFAULT;
 533                        else {
 534                                listener->event_count = event_count;
 535                                retval = count;
 536                        }
 537                        break;
 538                }
 539
 540                if (filep->f_flags & O_NONBLOCK) {
 541                        retval = -EAGAIN;
 542                        break;
 543                }
 544
 545                if (signal_pending(current)) {
 546                        retval = -ERESTARTSYS;
 547                        break;
 548                }
 549                schedule();
 550        } while (1);
 551
 552        __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING);
 553        remove_wait_queue(&idev->wait, &wait);
 554
 555        return retval;
 556}
 557
 558static ssize_t uio_write(struct file *filep, const char __user *buf,
 559                        size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
 560{
 561        struct uio_listener *listener = filep->private_data;
 562        struct uio_device *idev = listener->dev;
 563        ssize_t retval;
 564        s32 irq_on;
 565
 566        if (!idev->info->irq)
 567                return -EIO;
 568
 569        if (count != sizeof(s32))
 570                return -EINVAL;
 571
 572        if (!idev->info->irqcontrol)
 573                return -ENOSYS;
 574
 575        if (copy_from_user(&irq_on, buf, count))
 576                return -EFAULT;
 577
 578        retval = idev->info->irqcontrol(idev->info, irq_on);
 579
 580        return retval ? retval : sizeof(s32);
 581}
 582
 583static int uio_find_mem_index(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
 584{
 585        struct uio_device *idev = vma->vm_private_data;
 586
 587        if (vma->vm_pgoff < MAX_UIO_MAPS) {
 588                if (idev->info->mem[vma->vm_pgoff].size == 0)
 589                        return -1;
 590                return (int)vma->vm_pgoff;
 591        }
 592        return -1;
 593}
 594
 595static void uio_vma_open(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
 596{
 597        struct uio_device *idev = vma->vm_private_data;
 598        idev->vma_count++;
 599}
 600
 601static void uio_vma_close(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
 602{
 603        struct uio_device *idev = vma->vm_private_data;
 604        idev->vma_count--;
 605}
 606
 607static int uio_vma_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_fault *vmf)
 608{
 609        struct uio_device *idev = vma->vm_private_data;
 610        struct page *page;
 611        unsigned long offset;
 612
 613        int mi = uio_find_mem_index(vma);
 614        if (mi < 0)
 615                return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS;
 616
 617        /*
 618         * We need to subtract mi because userspace uses offset = N*PAGE_SIZE
 619         * to use mem[N].
 620         */
 621        offset = (vmf->pgoff - mi) << PAGE_SHIFT;
 622
 623        if (idev->info->mem[mi].memtype == UIO_MEM_LOGICAL)
 624                page = virt_to_page(idev->info->mem[mi].addr + offset);
 625        else
 626                page = vmalloc_to_page((void *)(unsigned long)idev->info->mem[mi].addr + offset);
 627        get_page(page);
 628        vmf->page = page;
 629        return 0;
 630}
 631
 632static const struct vm_operations_struct uio_vm_ops = {
 633        .open = uio_vma_open,
 634        .close = uio_vma_close,
 635        .fault = uio_vma_fault,
 636};
 637
 638static int uio_mmap_physical(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
 639{
 640        struct uio_device *idev = vma->vm_private_data;
 641        int mi = uio_find_mem_index(vma);
 642        if (mi < 0)
 643                return -EINVAL;
 644
 645        vma->vm_page_prot = pgprot_noncached(vma->vm_page_prot);
 646
 647        return remap_pfn_range(vma,
 648                               vma->vm_start,
 649                               idev->info->mem[mi].addr >> PAGE_SHIFT,
 650                               vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start,
 651                               vma->vm_page_prot);
 652}
 653
 654static int uio_mmap_logical(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
 655{
 656        vma->vm_flags |= VM_DONTEXPAND | VM_DONTDUMP;
 657        vma->vm_ops = &uio_vm_ops;
 658        uio_vma_open(vma);
 659        return 0;
 660}
 661
 662static int uio_mmap(struct file *filep, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
 663{
 664        struct uio_listener *listener = filep->private_data;
 665        struct uio_device *idev = listener->dev;
 666        int mi;
 667        unsigned long requested_pages, actual_pages;
 668        int ret = 0;
 669
 670        if (vma->vm_end < vma->vm_start)
 671                return -EINVAL;
 672
 673        vma->vm_private_data = idev;
 674
 675        mi = uio_find_mem_index(vma);
 676        if (mi < 0)
 677                return -EINVAL;
 678
 679        requested_pages = (vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
 680        actual_pages = ((idev->info->mem[mi].addr & ~PAGE_MASK)
 681                        + idev->info->mem[mi].size + PAGE_SIZE -1) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
 682        if (requested_pages > actual_pages)
 683                return -EINVAL;
 684
 685        if (idev->info->mmap) {
 686                ret = idev->info->mmap(idev->info, vma);
 687                return ret;
 688        }
 689
 690        switch (idev->info->mem[mi].memtype) {
 691                case UIO_MEM_PHYS:
 692                        return uio_mmap_physical(vma);
 693                case UIO_MEM_LOGICAL:
 694                case UIO_MEM_VIRTUAL:
 695                        return uio_mmap_logical(vma);
 696                default:
 697                        return -EINVAL;
 698        }
 699}
 700
 701static const struct file_operations uio_fops = {
 702        .owner          = THIS_MODULE,
 703        .open           = uio_open,
 704        .release        = uio_release,
 705        .read           = uio_read,
 706        .write          = uio_write,
 707        .mmap           = uio_mmap,
 708        .poll           = uio_poll,
 709        .fasync         = uio_fasync,
 710        .llseek         = noop_llseek,
 711};
 712
 713static int uio_major_init(void)
 714{
 715        static const char name[] = "uio";
 716        struct cdev *cdev = NULL;
 717        dev_t uio_dev = 0;
 718        int result;
 719
 720        result = alloc_chrdev_region(&uio_dev, 0, UIO_MAX_DEVICES, name);
 721        if (result)
 722                goto out;
 723
 724        result = -ENOMEM;
 725        cdev = cdev_alloc();
 726        if (!cdev)
 727                goto out_unregister;
 728
 729        cdev->owner = THIS_MODULE;
 730        cdev->ops = &uio_fops;
 731        kobject_set_name(&cdev->kobj, "%s", name);
 732
 733        result = cdev_add(cdev, uio_dev, UIO_MAX_DEVICES);
 734        if (result)
 735                goto out_put;
 736
 737        uio_major = MAJOR(uio_dev);
 738        uio_cdev = cdev;
 739        return 0;
 740out_put:
 741        kobject_put(&cdev->kobj);
 742out_unregister:
 743        unregister_chrdev_region(uio_dev, UIO_MAX_DEVICES);
 744out:
 745        return result;
 746}
 747
 748static void uio_major_cleanup(void)
 749{
 750        unregister_chrdev_region(MKDEV(uio_major, 0), UIO_MAX_DEVICES);
 751        cdev_del(uio_cdev);
 752}
 753
 754static int init_uio_class(void)
 755{
 756        int ret;
 757
 758        /* This is the first time in here, set everything up properly */
 759        ret = uio_major_init();
 760        if (ret)
 761                goto exit;
 762
 763        ret = class_register(&uio_class);
 764        if (ret) {
 765                printk(KERN_ERR "class_register failed for uio\n");
 766                goto err_class_register;
 767        }
 768        return 0;
 769
 770err_class_register:
 771        uio_major_cleanup();
 772exit:
 773        return ret;
 774}
 775
 776static void release_uio_class(void)
 777{
 778        class_unregister(&uio_class);
 779        uio_major_cleanup();
 780}
 781
 782/**
 783 * uio_register_device - register a new userspace IO device
 784 * @owner:      module that creates the new device
 785 * @parent:     parent device
 786 * @info:       UIO device capabilities
 787 *
 788 * returns zero on success or a negative error code.
 789 */
 790int __uio_register_device(struct module *owner,
 791                          struct device *parent,
 792                          struct uio_info *info)
 793{
 794        struct uio_device *idev;
 795        int ret = 0;
 796
 797        if (!parent || !info || !info->name || !info->version)
 798                return -EINVAL;
 799
 800        info->uio_dev = NULL;
 801
 802        idev = kzalloc(sizeof(*idev), GFP_KERNEL);
 803        if (!idev) {
 804                ret = -ENOMEM;
 805                goto err_kzalloc;
 806        }
 807
 808        idev->owner = owner;
 809        idev->info = info;
 810        init_waitqueue_head(&idev->wait);
 811        atomic_set(&idev->event, 0);
 812
 813        ret = uio_get_minor(idev);
 814        if (ret)
 815                goto err_get_minor;
 816
 817        idev->dev = device_create(&uio_class, parent,
 818                                  MKDEV(uio_major, idev->minor), idev,
 819                                  "uio%d", idev->minor);
 820        if (IS_ERR(idev->dev)) {
 821                printk(KERN_ERR "UIO: device register failed\n");
 822                ret = PTR_ERR(idev->dev);
 823                goto err_device_create;
 824        }
 825
 826        ret = uio_dev_add_attributes(idev);
 827        if (ret)
 828                goto err_uio_dev_add_attributes;
 829
 830        info->uio_dev = idev;
 831
 832        if (info->irq && (info->irq != UIO_IRQ_CUSTOM)) {
 833                ret = request_irq(info->irq, uio_interrupt,
 834                                  info->irq_flags, info->name, idev);
 835                if (ret)
 836                        goto err_request_irq;
 837        }
 838
 839        return 0;
 840
 841err_request_irq:
 842        uio_dev_del_attributes(idev);
 843err_uio_dev_add_attributes:
 844        device_destroy(&uio_class, MKDEV(uio_major, idev->minor));
 845err_device_create:
 846        uio_free_minor(idev);
 847err_get_minor:
 848        kfree(idev);
 849err_kzalloc:
 850        return ret;
 851}
 852EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__uio_register_device);
 853
 854/**
 855 * uio_unregister_device - unregister a industrial IO device
 856 * @info:       UIO device capabilities
 857 *
 858 */
 859void uio_unregister_device(struct uio_info *info)
 860{
 861        struct uio_device *idev;
 862
 863        if (!info || !info->uio_dev)
 864                return;
 865
 866        idev = info->uio_dev;
 867
 868        uio_free_minor(idev);
 869
 870        if (info->irq && (info->irq != UIO_IRQ_CUSTOM))
 871                free_irq(info->irq, idev);
 872
 873        uio_dev_del_attributes(idev);
 874
 875        device_destroy(&uio_class, MKDEV(uio_major, idev->minor));
 876        kfree(idev);
 877
 878        return;
 879}
 880EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(uio_unregister_device);
 881
 882static int __init uio_init(void)
 883{
 884        return init_uio_class();
 885}
 886
 887static void __exit uio_exit(void)
 888{
 889        release_uio_class();
 890}
 891
 892module_init(uio_init)
 893module_exit(uio_exit)
 894MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
 895
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