linux/drivers/crypto/padlock-aes.c
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   1/* 
   2 * Cryptographic API.
   3 *
   4 * Support for VIA PadLock hardware crypto engine.
   5 *
   6 * Copyright (c) 2004  Michal Ludvig <michal@logix.cz>
   7 *
   8 */
   9
  10#include <crypto/algapi.h>
  11#include <crypto/aes.h>
  12#include <crypto/padlock.h>
  13#include <linux/module.h>
  14#include <linux/init.h>
  15#include <linux/types.h>
  16#include <linux/errno.h>
  17#include <linux/interrupt.h>
  18#include <linux/kernel.h>
  19#include <linux/percpu.h>
  20#include <linux/smp.h>
  21#include <linux/slab.h>
  22#include <asm/cpu_device_id.h>
  23#include <asm/byteorder.h>
  24#include <asm/processor.h>
  25#include <asm/i387.h>
  26
  27/*
  28 * Number of data blocks actually fetched for each xcrypt insn.
  29 * Processors with prefetch errata will fetch extra blocks.
  30 */
  31static unsigned int ecb_fetch_blocks = 2;
  32#define MAX_ECB_FETCH_BLOCKS (8)
  33#define ecb_fetch_bytes (ecb_fetch_blocks * AES_BLOCK_SIZE)
  34
  35static unsigned int cbc_fetch_blocks = 1;
  36#define MAX_CBC_FETCH_BLOCKS (4)
  37#define cbc_fetch_bytes (cbc_fetch_blocks * AES_BLOCK_SIZE)
  38
  39/* Control word. */
  40struct cword {
  41        unsigned int __attribute__ ((__packed__))
  42                rounds:4,
  43                algo:3,
  44                keygen:1,
  45                interm:1,
  46                encdec:1,
  47                ksize:2;
  48} __attribute__ ((__aligned__(PADLOCK_ALIGNMENT)));
  49
  50/* Whenever making any changes to the following
  51 * structure *make sure* you keep E, d_data
  52 * and cword aligned on 16 Bytes boundaries and
  53 * the Hardware can access 16 * 16 bytes of E and d_data
  54 * (only the first 15 * 16 bytes matter but the HW reads
  55 * more).
  56 */
  57struct aes_ctx {
  58        u32 E[AES_MAX_KEYLENGTH_U32]
  59                __attribute__ ((__aligned__(PADLOCK_ALIGNMENT)));
  60        u32 d_data[AES_MAX_KEYLENGTH_U32]
  61                __attribute__ ((__aligned__(PADLOCK_ALIGNMENT)));
  62        struct {
  63                struct cword encrypt;
  64                struct cword decrypt;
  65        } cword;
  66        u32 *D;
  67};
  68
  69static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct cword *, paes_last_cword);
  70
  71/* Tells whether the ACE is capable to generate
  72   the extended key for a given key_len. */
  73static inline int
  74aes_hw_extkey_available(uint8_t key_len)
  75{
  76        /* TODO: We should check the actual CPU model/stepping
  77                 as it's possible that the capability will be
  78                 added in the next CPU revisions. */
  79        if (key_len == 16)
  80                return 1;
  81        return 0;
  82}
  83
  84static inline struct aes_ctx *aes_ctx_common(void *ctx)
  85{
  86        unsigned long addr = (unsigned long)ctx;
  87        unsigned long align = PADLOCK_ALIGNMENT;
  88
  89        if (align <= crypto_tfm_ctx_alignment())
  90                align = 1;
  91        return (struct aes_ctx *)ALIGN(addr, align);
  92}
  93
  94static inline struct aes_ctx *aes_ctx(struct crypto_tfm *tfm)
  95{
  96        return aes_ctx_common(crypto_tfm_ctx(tfm));
  97}
  98
  99static inline struct aes_ctx *blk_aes_ctx(struct crypto_blkcipher *tfm)
 100{
 101        return aes_ctx_common(crypto_blkcipher_ctx(tfm));
 102}
 103
 104static int aes_set_key(struct crypto_tfm *tfm, const u8 *in_key,
 105                       unsigned int key_len)
 106{
 107        struct aes_ctx *ctx = aes_ctx(tfm);
 108        const __le32 *key = (const __le32 *)in_key;
 109        u32 *flags = &tfm->crt_flags;
 110        struct crypto_aes_ctx gen_aes;
 111        int cpu;
 112
 113        if (key_len % 8) {
 114                *flags |= CRYPTO_TFM_RES_BAD_KEY_LEN;
 115                return -EINVAL;
 116        }
 117
 118        /*
 119         * If the hardware is capable of generating the extended key
 120         * itself we must supply the plain key for both encryption
 121         * and decryption.
 122         */
 123        ctx->D = ctx->E;
 124
 125        ctx->E[0] = le32_to_cpu(key[0]);
 126        ctx->E[1] = le32_to_cpu(key[1]);
 127        ctx->E[2] = le32_to_cpu(key[2]);
 128        ctx->E[3] = le32_to_cpu(key[3]);
 129
 130        /* Prepare control words. */
 131        memset(&ctx->cword, 0, sizeof(ctx->cword));
 132
 133        ctx->cword.decrypt.encdec = 1;
 134        ctx->cword.encrypt.rounds = 10 + (key_len - 16) / 4;
 135        ctx->cword.decrypt.rounds = ctx->cword.encrypt.rounds;
 136        ctx->cword.encrypt.ksize = (key_len - 16) / 8;
 137        ctx->cword.decrypt.ksize = ctx->cword.encrypt.ksize;
 138
 139        /* Don't generate extended keys if the hardware can do it. */
 140        if (aes_hw_extkey_available(key_len))
 141                goto ok;
 142
 143        ctx->D = ctx->d_data;
 144        ctx->cword.encrypt.keygen = 1;
 145        ctx->cword.decrypt.keygen = 1;
 146
 147        if (crypto_aes_expand_key(&gen_aes, in_key, key_len)) {
 148                *flags |= CRYPTO_TFM_RES_BAD_KEY_LEN;
 149                return -EINVAL;
 150        }
 151
 152        memcpy(ctx->E, gen_aes.key_enc, AES_MAX_KEYLENGTH);
 153        memcpy(ctx->D, gen_aes.key_dec, AES_MAX_KEYLENGTH);
 154
 155ok:
 156        for_each_online_cpu(cpu)
 157                if (&ctx->cword.encrypt == per_cpu(paes_last_cword, cpu) ||
 158                    &ctx->cword.decrypt == per_cpu(paes_last_cword, cpu))
 159                        per_cpu(paes_last_cword, cpu) = NULL;
 160
 161        return 0;
 162}
 163
 164/* ====== Encryption/decryption routines ====== */
 165
 166/* These are the real call to PadLock. */
 167static inline void padlock_reset_key(struct cword *cword)
 168{
 169        int cpu = raw_smp_processor_id();
 170
 171        if (cword != per_cpu(paes_last_cword, cpu))
 172#ifndef CONFIG_X86_64
 173                asm volatile ("pushfl; popfl");
 174#else
 175                asm volatile ("pushfq; popfq");
 176#endif
 177}
 178
 179static inline void padlock_store_cword(struct cword *cword)
 180{
 181        per_cpu(paes_last_cword, raw_smp_processor_id()) = cword;
 182}
 183
 184/*
 185 * While the padlock instructions don't use FP/SSE registers, they
 186 * generate a spurious DNA fault when cr0.ts is '1'. These instructions
 187 * should be used only inside the irq_ts_save/restore() context
 188 */
 189
 190static inline void rep_xcrypt_ecb(const u8 *input, u8 *output, void *key,
 191                                  struct cword *control_word, int count)
 192{
 193        asm volatile (".byte 0xf3,0x0f,0xa7,0xc8"       /* rep xcryptecb */
 194                      : "+S"(input), "+D"(output)
 195                      : "d"(control_word), "b"(key), "c"(count));
 196}
 197
 198static inline u8 *rep_xcrypt_cbc(const u8 *input, u8 *output, void *key,
 199                                 u8 *iv, struct cword *control_word, int count)
 200{
 201        asm volatile (".byte 0xf3,0x0f,0xa7,0xd0"       /* rep xcryptcbc */
 202                      : "+S" (input), "+D" (output), "+a" (iv)
 203                      : "d" (control_word), "b" (key), "c" (count));
 204        return iv;
 205}
 206
 207static void ecb_crypt_copy(const u8 *in, u8 *out, u32 *key,
 208                           struct cword *cword, int count)
 209{
 210        /*
 211         * Padlock prefetches extra data so we must provide mapped input buffers.
 212         * Assume there are at least 16 bytes of stack already in use.
 213         */
 214        u8 buf[AES_BLOCK_SIZE * (MAX_ECB_FETCH_BLOCKS - 1) + PADLOCK_ALIGNMENT - 1];
 215        u8 *tmp = PTR_ALIGN(&buf[0], PADLOCK_ALIGNMENT);
 216
 217        memcpy(tmp, in, count * AES_BLOCK_SIZE);
 218        rep_xcrypt_ecb(tmp, out, key, cword, count);
 219}
 220
 221static u8 *cbc_crypt_copy(const u8 *in, u8 *out, u32 *key,
 222                           u8 *iv, struct cword *cword, int count)
 223{
 224        /*
 225         * Padlock prefetches extra data so we must provide mapped input buffers.
 226         * Assume there are at least 16 bytes of stack already in use.
 227         */
 228        u8 buf[AES_BLOCK_SIZE * (MAX_CBC_FETCH_BLOCKS - 1) + PADLOCK_ALIGNMENT - 1];
 229        u8 *tmp = PTR_ALIGN(&buf[0], PADLOCK_ALIGNMENT);
 230
 231        memcpy(tmp, in, count * AES_BLOCK_SIZE);
 232        return rep_xcrypt_cbc(tmp, out, key, iv, cword, count);
 233}
 234
 235static inline void ecb_crypt(const u8 *in, u8 *out, u32 *key,
 236                             struct cword *cword, int count)
 237{
 238        /* Padlock in ECB mode fetches at least ecb_fetch_bytes of data.
 239         * We could avoid some copying here but it's probably not worth it.
 240         */
 241        if (unlikely(((unsigned long)in & ~PAGE_MASK) + ecb_fetch_bytes > PAGE_SIZE)) {
 242                ecb_crypt_copy(in, out, key, cword, count);
 243                return;
 244        }
 245
 246        rep_xcrypt_ecb(in, out, key, cword, count);
 247}
 248
 249static inline u8 *cbc_crypt(const u8 *in, u8 *out, u32 *key,
 250                            u8 *iv, struct cword *cword, int count)
 251{
 252        /* Padlock in CBC mode fetches at least cbc_fetch_bytes of data. */
 253        if (unlikely(((unsigned long)in & ~PAGE_MASK) + cbc_fetch_bytes > PAGE_SIZE))
 254                return cbc_crypt_copy(in, out, key, iv, cword, count);
 255
 256        return rep_xcrypt_cbc(in, out, key, iv, cword, count);
 257}
 258
 259static inline void padlock_xcrypt_ecb(const u8 *input, u8 *output, void *key,
 260                                      void *control_word, u32 count)
 261{
 262        u32 initial = count & (ecb_fetch_blocks - 1);
 263
 264        if (count < ecb_fetch_blocks) {
 265                ecb_crypt(input, output, key, control_word, count);
 266                return;
 267        }
 268
 269        if (initial)
 270                asm volatile (".byte 0xf3,0x0f,0xa7,0xc8"       /* rep xcryptecb */
 271                              : "+S"(input), "+D"(output)
 272                              : "d"(control_word), "b"(key), "c"(initial));
 273
 274        asm volatile (".byte 0xf3,0x0f,0xa7,0xc8"       /* rep xcryptecb */
 275                      : "+S"(input), "+D"(output)
 276                      : "d"(control_word), "b"(key), "c"(count - initial));
 277}
 278
 279static inline u8 *padlock_xcrypt_cbc(const u8 *input, u8 *output, void *key,
 280                                     u8 *iv, void *control_word, u32 count)
 281{
 282        u32 initial = count & (cbc_fetch_blocks - 1);
 283
 284        if (count < cbc_fetch_blocks)
 285                return cbc_crypt(input, output, key, iv, control_word, count);
 286
 287        if (initial)
 288                asm volatile (".byte 0xf3,0x0f,0xa7,0xd0"       /* rep xcryptcbc */
 289                              : "+S" (input), "+D" (output), "+a" (iv)
 290                              : "d" (control_word), "b" (key), "c" (initial));
 291
 292        asm volatile (".byte 0xf3,0x0f,0xa7,0xd0"       /* rep xcryptcbc */
 293                      : "+S" (input), "+D" (output), "+a" (iv)
 294                      : "d" (control_word), "b" (key), "c" (count-initial));
 295        return iv;
 296}
 297
 298static void aes_encrypt(struct crypto_tfm *tfm, u8 *out, const u8 *in)
 299{
 300        struct aes_ctx *ctx = aes_ctx(tfm);
 301        int ts_state;
 302
 303        padlock_reset_key(&ctx->cword.encrypt);
 304        ts_state = irq_ts_save();
 305        ecb_crypt(in, out, ctx->E, &ctx->cword.encrypt, 1);
 306        irq_ts_restore(ts_state);
 307        padlock_store_cword(&ctx->cword.encrypt);
 308}
 309
 310static void aes_decrypt(struct crypto_tfm *tfm, u8 *out, const u8 *in)
 311{
 312        struct aes_ctx *ctx = aes_ctx(tfm);
 313        int ts_state;
 314
 315        padlock_reset_key(&ctx->cword.encrypt);
 316        ts_state = irq_ts_save();
 317        ecb_crypt(in, out, ctx->D, &ctx->cword.decrypt, 1);
 318        irq_ts_restore(ts_state);
 319        padlock_store_cword(&ctx->cword.encrypt);
 320}
 321
 322static struct crypto_alg aes_alg = {
 323        .cra_name               =       "aes",
 324        .cra_driver_name        =       "aes-padlock",
 325        .cra_priority           =       PADLOCK_CRA_PRIORITY,
 326        .cra_flags              =       CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_CIPHER,
 327        .cra_blocksize          =       AES_BLOCK_SIZE,
 328        .cra_ctxsize            =       sizeof(struct aes_ctx),
 329        .cra_alignmask          =       PADLOCK_ALIGNMENT - 1,
 330        .cra_module             =       THIS_MODULE,
 331        .cra_u                  =       {
 332                .cipher = {
 333                        .cia_min_keysize        =       AES_MIN_KEY_SIZE,
 334                        .cia_max_keysize        =       AES_MAX_KEY_SIZE,
 335                        .cia_setkey             =       aes_set_key,
 336                        .cia_encrypt            =       aes_encrypt,
 337                        .cia_decrypt            =       aes_decrypt,
 338                }
 339        }
 340};
 341
 342static int ecb_aes_encrypt(struct blkcipher_desc *desc,
 343                           struct scatterlist *dst, struct scatterlist *src,
 344                           unsigned int nbytes)
 345{
 346        struct aes_ctx *ctx = blk_aes_ctx(desc->tfm);
 347        struct blkcipher_walk walk;
 348        int err;
 349        int ts_state;
 350
 351        padlock_reset_key(&ctx->cword.encrypt);
 352
 353        blkcipher_walk_init(&walk, dst, src, nbytes);
 354        err = blkcipher_walk_virt(desc, &walk);
 355
 356        ts_state = irq_ts_save();
 357        while ((nbytes = walk.nbytes)) {
 358                padlock_xcrypt_ecb(walk.src.virt.addr, walk.dst.virt.addr,
 359                                   ctx->E, &ctx->cword.encrypt,
 360                                   nbytes / AES_BLOCK_SIZE);
 361                nbytes &= AES_BLOCK_SIZE - 1;
 362                err = blkcipher_walk_done(desc, &walk, nbytes);
 363        }
 364        irq_ts_restore(ts_state);
 365
 366        padlock_store_cword(&ctx->cword.encrypt);
 367
 368        return err;
 369}
 370
 371static int ecb_aes_decrypt(struct blkcipher_desc *desc,
 372                           struct scatterlist *dst, struct scatterlist *src,
 373                           unsigned int nbytes)
 374{
 375        struct aes_ctx *ctx = blk_aes_ctx(desc->tfm);
 376        struct blkcipher_walk walk;
 377        int err;
 378        int ts_state;
 379
 380        padlock_reset_key(&ctx->cword.decrypt);
 381
 382        blkcipher_walk_init(&walk, dst, src, nbytes);
 383        err = blkcipher_walk_virt(desc, &walk);
 384
 385        ts_state = irq_ts_save();
 386        while ((nbytes = walk.nbytes)) {
 387                padlock_xcrypt_ecb(walk.src.virt.addr, walk.dst.virt.addr,
 388                                   ctx->D, &ctx->cword.decrypt,
 389                                   nbytes / AES_BLOCK_SIZE);
 390                nbytes &= AES_BLOCK_SIZE - 1;
 391                err = blkcipher_walk_done(desc, &walk, nbytes);
 392        }
 393        irq_ts_restore(ts_state);
 394
 395        padlock_store_cword(&ctx->cword.encrypt);
 396
 397        return err;
 398}
 399
 400static struct crypto_alg ecb_aes_alg = {
 401        .cra_name               =       "ecb(aes)",
 402        .cra_driver_name        =       "ecb-aes-padlock",
 403        .cra_priority           =       PADLOCK_COMPOSITE_PRIORITY,
 404        .cra_flags              =       CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_BLKCIPHER,
 405        .cra_blocksize          =       AES_BLOCK_SIZE,
 406        .cra_ctxsize            =       sizeof(struct aes_ctx),
 407        .cra_alignmask          =       PADLOCK_ALIGNMENT - 1,
 408        .cra_type               =       &crypto_blkcipher_type,
 409        .cra_module             =       THIS_MODULE,
 410        .cra_u                  =       {
 411                .blkcipher = {
 412                        .min_keysize            =       AES_MIN_KEY_SIZE,
 413                        .max_keysize            =       AES_MAX_KEY_SIZE,
 414                        .setkey                 =       aes_set_key,
 415                        .encrypt                =       ecb_aes_encrypt,
 416                        .decrypt                =       ecb_aes_decrypt,
 417                }
 418        }
 419};
 420
 421static int cbc_aes_encrypt(struct blkcipher_desc *desc,
 422                           struct scatterlist *dst, struct scatterlist *src,
 423                           unsigned int nbytes)
 424{
 425        struct aes_ctx *ctx = blk_aes_ctx(desc->tfm);
 426        struct blkcipher_walk walk;
 427        int err;
 428        int ts_state;
 429
 430        padlock_reset_key(&ctx->cword.encrypt);
 431
 432        blkcipher_walk_init(&walk, dst, src, nbytes);
 433        err = blkcipher_walk_virt(desc, &walk);
 434
 435        ts_state = irq_ts_save();
 436        while ((nbytes = walk.nbytes)) {
 437                u8 *iv = padlock_xcrypt_cbc(walk.src.virt.addr,
 438                                            walk.dst.virt.addr, ctx->E,
 439                                            walk.iv, &ctx->cword.encrypt,
 440                                            nbytes / AES_BLOCK_SIZE);
 441                memcpy(walk.iv, iv, AES_BLOCK_SIZE);
 442                nbytes &= AES_BLOCK_SIZE - 1;
 443                err = blkcipher_walk_done(desc, &walk, nbytes);
 444        }
 445        irq_ts_restore(ts_state);
 446
 447        padlock_store_cword(&ctx->cword.decrypt);
 448
 449        return err;
 450}
 451
 452static int cbc_aes_decrypt(struct blkcipher_desc *desc,
 453                           struct scatterlist *dst, struct scatterlist *src,
 454                           unsigned int nbytes)
 455{
 456        struct aes_ctx *ctx = blk_aes_ctx(desc->tfm);
 457        struct blkcipher_walk walk;
 458        int err;
 459        int ts_state;
 460
 461        padlock_reset_key(&ctx->cword.encrypt);
 462
 463        blkcipher_walk_init(&walk, dst, src, nbytes);
 464        err = blkcipher_walk_virt(desc, &walk);
 465
 466        ts_state = irq_ts_save();
 467        while ((nbytes = walk.nbytes)) {
 468                padlock_xcrypt_cbc(walk.src.virt.addr, walk.dst.virt.addr,
 469                                   ctx->D, walk.iv, &ctx->cword.decrypt,
 470                                   nbytes / AES_BLOCK_SIZE);
 471                nbytes &= AES_BLOCK_SIZE - 1;
 472                err = blkcipher_walk_done(desc, &walk, nbytes);
 473        }
 474
 475        irq_ts_restore(ts_state);
 476
 477        padlock_store_cword(&ctx->cword.encrypt);
 478
 479        return err;
 480}
 481
 482static struct crypto_alg cbc_aes_alg = {
 483        .cra_name               =       "cbc(aes)",
 484        .cra_driver_name        =       "cbc-aes-padlock",
 485        .cra_priority           =       PADLOCK_COMPOSITE_PRIORITY,
 486        .cra_flags              =       CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_BLKCIPHER,
 487        .cra_blocksize          =       AES_BLOCK_SIZE,
 488        .cra_ctxsize            =       sizeof(struct aes_ctx),
 489        .cra_alignmask          =       PADLOCK_ALIGNMENT - 1,
 490        .cra_type               =       &crypto_blkcipher_type,
 491        .cra_module             =       THIS_MODULE,
 492        .cra_u                  =       {
 493                .blkcipher = {
 494                        .min_keysize            =       AES_MIN_KEY_SIZE,
 495                        .max_keysize            =       AES_MAX_KEY_SIZE,
 496                        .ivsize                 =       AES_BLOCK_SIZE,
 497                        .setkey                 =       aes_set_key,
 498                        .encrypt                =       cbc_aes_encrypt,
 499                        .decrypt                =       cbc_aes_decrypt,
 500                }
 501        }
 502};
 503
 504static struct x86_cpu_id padlock_cpu_id[] = {
 505        X86_FEATURE_MATCH(X86_FEATURE_XCRYPT),
 506        {}
 507};
 508MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(x86cpu, padlock_cpu_id);
 509
 510static int __init padlock_init(void)
 511{
 512        int ret;
 513        struct cpuinfo_x86 *c = &cpu_data(0);
 514
 515        if (!x86_match_cpu(padlock_cpu_id))
 516                return -ENODEV;
 517
 518        if (!cpu_has_xcrypt_enabled) {
 519                printk(KERN_NOTICE PFX "VIA PadLock detected, but not enabled. Hmm, strange...\n");
 520                return -ENODEV;
 521        }
 522
 523        if ((ret = crypto_register_alg(&aes_alg)))
 524                goto aes_err;
 525
 526        if ((ret = crypto_register_alg(&ecb_aes_alg)))
 527                goto ecb_aes_err;
 528
 529        if ((ret = crypto_register_alg(&cbc_aes_alg)))
 530                goto cbc_aes_err;
 531
 532        printk(KERN_NOTICE PFX "Using VIA PadLock ACE for AES algorithm.\n");
 533
 534        if (c->x86 == 6 && c->x86_model == 15 && c->x86_mask == 2) {
 535                ecb_fetch_blocks = MAX_ECB_FETCH_BLOCKS;
 536                cbc_fetch_blocks = MAX_CBC_FETCH_BLOCKS;
 537                printk(KERN_NOTICE PFX "VIA Nano stepping 2 detected: enabling workaround.\n");
 538        }
 539
 540out:
 541        return ret;
 542
 543cbc_aes_err:
 544        crypto_unregister_alg(&ecb_aes_alg);
 545ecb_aes_err:
 546        crypto_unregister_alg(&aes_alg);
 547aes_err:
 548        printk(KERN_ERR PFX "VIA PadLock AES initialization failed.\n");
 549        goto out;
 550}
 551
 552static void __exit padlock_fini(void)
 553{
 554        crypto_unregister_alg(&cbc_aes_alg);
 555        crypto_unregister_alg(&ecb_aes_alg);
 556        crypto_unregister_alg(&aes_alg);
 557}
 558
 559module_init(padlock_init);
 560module_exit(padlock_fini);
 561
 562MODULE_DESCRIPTION("VIA PadLock AES algorithm support");
 563MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
 564MODULE_AUTHOR("Michal Ludvig");
 565
 566MODULE_ALIAS("aes");
 567
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