linux/include/sound/opl3.h
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   1#ifndef __SOUND_OPL3_H
   2#define __SOUND_OPL3_H
   3
   4/*
   5 * Definitions of the OPL-3 registers.
   6 *
   7 * Copyright (c) by Jaroslav Kysela <perex@perex.cz>,
   8 *                  Hannu Savolainen 1993-1996
   9 *
  10 *
  11 *      The OPL-3 mode is switched on by writing 0x01, to the offset 5
  12 *      of the right side.
  13 *
  14 *      Another special register at the right side is at offset 4. It contains
  15 *      a bit mask defining which voices are used as 4 OP voices.
  16 *
  17 *      The percussive mode is implemented in the left side only.
  18 *
  19 *      With the above exceptions the both sides can be operated independently.
  20 *      
  21 *      A 4 OP voice can be created by setting the corresponding
  22 *      bit at offset 4 of the right side.
  23 *
  24 *      For example setting the rightmost bit (0x01) changes the
  25 *      first voice on the right side to the 4 OP mode. The fourth
  26 *      voice is made inaccessible.
  27 *
  28 *      If a voice is set to the 2 OP mode, it works like 2 OP modes
  29 *      of the original YM3812 (AdLib). In addition the voice can 
  30 *      be connected the left, right or both stereo channels. It can
  31 *      even be left unconnected. This works with 4 OP voices also.
  32 *
  33 *      The stereo connection bits are located in the FEEDBACK_CONNECTION
  34 *      register of the voice (0xC0-0xC8). In 4 OP voices these bits are
  35 *      in the second half of the voice.
  36 *
  37 *
  38 *   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
  39 *   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
  40 *   the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
  41 *   (at your option) any later version.
  42 *
  43 *   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
  44 *   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
  45 *   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
  46 *   GNU General Public License for more details.
  47 *
  48 *   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
  49 *   along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
  50 *   Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307 USA
  51 *
  52 */
  53
  54#include <sound/core.h>
  55#include <sound/hwdep.h>
  56#include <sound/timer.h>
  57#include <sound/seq_midi_emul.h>
  58#ifdef CONFIG_SND_SEQUENCER_OSS
  59#include <sound/seq_oss.h>
  60#include <sound/seq_oss_legacy.h>
  61#endif
  62#include <sound/seq_device.h>
  63#include <sound/asound_fm.h>
  64
  65/*
  66 *    Register numbers for the global registers
  67 */
  68
  69#define OPL3_REG_TEST                   0x01
  70#define   OPL3_ENABLE_WAVE_SELECT       0x20
  71
  72#define OPL3_REG_TIMER1                 0x02
  73#define OPL3_REG_TIMER2                 0x03
  74#define OPL3_REG_TIMER_CONTROL          0x04    /* Left side */
  75#define   OPL3_IRQ_RESET                0x80
  76#define   OPL3_TIMER1_MASK              0x40
  77#define   OPL3_TIMER2_MASK              0x20
  78#define   OPL3_TIMER1_START             0x01
  79#define   OPL3_TIMER2_START             0x02
  80
  81#define OPL3_REG_CONNECTION_SELECT      0x04    /* Right side */
  82#define   OPL3_LEFT_4OP_0               0x01
  83#define   OPL3_LEFT_4OP_1               0x02
  84#define   OPL3_LEFT_4OP_2               0x04
  85#define   OPL3_RIGHT_4OP_0              0x08
  86#define   OPL3_RIGHT_4OP_1              0x10
  87#define   OPL3_RIGHT_4OP_2              0x20
  88
  89#define OPL3_REG_MODE                   0x05    /* Right side */
  90#define   OPL3_OPL3_ENABLE              0x01    /* OPL3 mode */
  91#define   OPL3_OPL4_ENABLE              0x02    /* OPL4 mode */
  92
  93#define OPL3_REG_KBD_SPLIT              0x08    /* Left side */
  94#define   OPL3_COMPOSITE_SINE_WAVE_MODE 0x80    /* Don't use with OPL-3? */
  95#define   OPL3_KEYBOARD_SPLIT           0x40
  96
  97#define OPL3_REG_PERCUSSION             0xbd    /* Left side only */
  98#define   OPL3_TREMOLO_DEPTH            0x80
  99#define   OPL3_VIBRATO_DEPTH            0x40
 100#define   OPL3_PERCUSSION_ENABLE        0x20
 101#define   OPL3_BASSDRUM_ON              0x10
 102#define   OPL3_SNAREDRUM_ON             0x08
 103#define   OPL3_TOMTOM_ON                0x04
 104#define   OPL3_CYMBAL_ON                0x02
 105#define   OPL3_HIHAT_ON                 0x01
 106
 107/*
 108 *    Offsets to the register banks for operators. To get the
 109 *      register number just add the operator offset to the bank offset
 110 *
 111 *      AM/VIB/EG/KSR/Multiple (0x20 to 0x35)
 112 */
 113#define OPL3_REG_AM_VIB                 0x20
 114#define   OPL3_TREMOLO_ON               0x80
 115#define   OPL3_VIBRATO_ON               0x40
 116#define   OPL3_SUSTAIN_ON               0x20
 117#define   OPL3_KSR                      0x10    /* Key scaling rate */
 118#define   OPL3_MULTIPLE_MASK            0x0f    /* Frequency multiplier */
 119
 120 /*
 121  *   KSL/Total level (0x40 to 0x55)
 122  */
 123#define OPL3_REG_KSL_LEVEL              0x40
 124#define   OPL3_KSL_MASK                 0xc0    /* Envelope scaling bits */
 125#define   OPL3_TOTAL_LEVEL_MASK         0x3f    /* Strength (volume) of OP */
 126
 127/*
 128 *    Attack / Decay rate (0x60 to 0x75)
 129 */
 130#define OPL3_REG_ATTACK_DECAY           0x60
 131#define   OPL3_ATTACK_MASK              0xf0
 132#define   OPL3_DECAY_MASK               0x0f
 133
 134/*
 135 * Sustain level / Release rate (0x80 to 0x95)
 136 */
 137#define OPL3_REG_SUSTAIN_RELEASE        0x80
 138#define   OPL3_SUSTAIN_MASK             0xf0
 139#define   OPL3_RELEASE_MASK             0x0f
 140
 141/*
 142 * Wave select (0xE0 to 0xF5)
 143 */
 144#define OPL3_REG_WAVE_SELECT            0xe0
 145#define   OPL3_WAVE_SELECT_MASK         0x07
 146
 147/*
 148 *    Offsets to the register banks for voices. Just add to the
 149 *      voice number to get the register number.
 150 *
 151 *      F-Number low bits (0xA0 to 0xA8).
 152 */
 153#define OPL3_REG_FNUM_LOW               0xa0
 154
 155/*
 156 *    F-number high bits / Key on / Block (octave) (0xB0 to 0xB8)
 157 */
 158#define OPL3_REG_KEYON_BLOCK            0xb0
 159#define   OPL3_KEYON_BIT                0x20
 160#define   OPL3_BLOCKNUM_MASK            0x1c
 161#define   OPL3_FNUM_HIGH_MASK           0x03
 162
 163/*
 164 *    Feedback / Connection (0xc0 to 0xc8)
 165 *
 166 *      These registers have two new bits when the OPL-3 mode
 167 *      is selected. These bits controls connecting the voice
 168 *      to the stereo channels. For 4 OP voices this bit is
 169 *      defined in the second half of the voice (add 3 to the
 170 *      register offset).
 171 *
 172 *      For 4 OP voices the connection bit is used in the
 173 *      both halves (gives 4 ways to connect the operators).
 174 */
 175#define OPL3_REG_FEEDBACK_CONNECTION    0xc0
 176#define   OPL3_FEEDBACK_MASK            0x0e    /* Valid just for 1st OP of a voice */
 177#define   OPL3_CONNECTION_BIT           0x01
 178/*
 179 *    In the 4 OP mode there is four possible configurations how the
 180 *      operators can be connected together (in 2 OP modes there is just
 181 *      AM or FM). The 4 OP connection mode is defined by the rightmost
 182 *      bit of the FEEDBACK_CONNECTION (0xC0-0xC8) on the both halves.
 183 *
 184 *      First half      Second half     Mode
 185 *
 186 *                                       +---+
 187 *                                       v   |
 188 *      0               0               >+-1-+--2--3--4-->
 189 *
 190 *
 191 *                                      
 192 *                                       +---+
 193 *                                       |   |
 194 *      0               1               >+-1-+--2-+
 195 *                                                |->
 196 *                                      >--3----4-+
 197 *                                      
 198 *                                       +---+
 199 *                                       |   |
 200 *      1               0               >+-1-+-----+
 201 *                                                 |->
 202 *                                      >--2--3--4-+
 203 *
 204 *                                       +---+
 205 *                                       |   |
 206 *      1               1               >+-1-+--+
 207 *                                              |
 208 *                                      >--2--3-+->
 209 *                                              |
 210 *                                      >--4----+
 211 */
 212#define   OPL3_STEREO_BITS              0x30    /* OPL-3 only */
 213#define     OPL3_VOICE_TO_LEFT          0x10
 214#define     OPL3_VOICE_TO_RIGHT         0x20
 215
 216/*
 217
 218 */
 219
 220#define OPL3_LEFT               0x0000
 221#define OPL3_RIGHT              0x0100
 222
 223#define OPL3_HW_AUTO            0x0000
 224#define OPL3_HW_OPL2            0x0200
 225#define OPL3_HW_OPL3            0x0300
 226#define OPL3_HW_OPL3_SV         0x0301  /* S3 SonicVibes */
 227#define OPL3_HW_OPL3_CS         0x0302  /* CS4232/CS4236+ */
 228#define OPL3_HW_OPL3_FM801      0x0303  /* FM801 */
 229#define OPL3_HW_OPL3_CS4281     0x0304  /* CS4281 */
 230#define OPL3_HW_OPL4            0x0400  /* YMF278B/YMF295 */
 231#define OPL3_HW_OPL4_ML         0x0401  /* YMF704/YMF721 */
 232#define OPL3_HW_MASK            0xff00
 233
 234#define MAX_OPL2_VOICES         9
 235#define MAX_OPL3_VOICES         18
 236
 237struct snd_opl3;
 238
 239/*
 240 * Instrument record, aka "Patch"
 241 */
 242
 243/* FM operator */
 244struct fm_operator {
 245        unsigned char am_vib;
 246        unsigned char ksl_level;
 247        unsigned char attack_decay;
 248        unsigned char sustain_release;
 249        unsigned char wave_select;
 250} __attribute__((packed));
 251
 252/* Instrument data */
 253struct fm_instrument {
 254        struct fm_operator op[4];
 255        unsigned char feedback_connection[2];
 256        unsigned char echo_delay;
 257        unsigned char echo_atten;
 258        unsigned char chorus_spread;
 259        unsigned char trnsps;
 260        unsigned char fix_dur;
 261        unsigned char modes;
 262        unsigned char fix_key;
 263};
 264
 265/* type */
 266#define FM_PATCH_OPL2   0x01            /* OPL2 2 operators FM instrument */
 267#define FM_PATCH_OPL3   0x02            /* OPL3 4 operators FM instrument */
 268
 269/* Instrument record */
 270struct fm_patch {
 271        unsigned char prog;
 272        unsigned char bank;
 273        unsigned char type;
 274        struct fm_instrument inst;
 275        char name[24];
 276        struct fm_patch *next;
 277};
 278
 279
 280/*
 281 * A structure to keep track of each hardware voice
 282 */
 283struct snd_opl3_voice {
 284        int  state;             /* status */
 285#define SNDRV_OPL3_ST_OFF               0       /* Not playing */
 286#define SNDRV_OPL3_ST_ON_2OP    1       /* 2op voice is allocated */
 287#define SNDRV_OPL3_ST_ON_4OP    2       /* 4op voice is allocated */
 288#define SNDRV_OPL3_ST_NOT_AVAIL -1      /* voice is not available */
 289
 290        unsigned int time;      /* An allocation time */
 291        unsigned char note;     /* Note currently assigned to this voice */
 292
 293        unsigned long note_off; /* note-off time */
 294        int note_off_check;     /* check note-off time */
 295
 296        unsigned char keyon_reg;        /* KON register shadow */
 297
 298        struct snd_midi_channel *chan;  /* Midi channel for this note */
 299};
 300
 301struct snd_opl3 {
 302        unsigned long l_port;
 303        unsigned long r_port;
 304        struct resource *res_l_port;
 305        struct resource *res_r_port;
 306        unsigned short hardware;
 307        /* hardware access */
 308        void (*command) (struct snd_opl3 * opl3, unsigned short cmd, unsigned char val);
 309        unsigned short timer_enable;
 310        int seq_dev_num;        /* sequencer device number */
 311        struct snd_timer *timer1;
 312        struct snd_timer *timer2;
 313        spinlock_t timer_lock;
 314
 315        void *private_data;
 316        void (*private_free)(struct snd_opl3 *);
 317
 318        struct snd_hwdep *hwdep;
 319        spinlock_t reg_lock;
 320        struct snd_card *card;          /* The card that this belongs to */
 321        unsigned char fm_mode;          /* OPL mode, see SNDRV_DM_FM_MODE_XXX */
 322        unsigned char rhythm;           /* percussion mode flag */
 323        unsigned char max_voices;       /* max number of voices */
 324#if defined(CONFIG_SND_SEQUENCER) || defined(CONFIG_SND_SEQUENCER_MODULE)
 325#define SNDRV_OPL3_MODE_SYNTH 0         /* OSS - voices allocated by application */
 326#define SNDRV_OPL3_MODE_SEQ 1           /* ALSA - driver handles voice allocation */
 327        int synth_mode;                 /* synth mode */
 328        int seq_client;
 329
 330        struct snd_seq_device *seq_dev; /* sequencer device */
 331        struct snd_midi_channel_set * chset;
 332
 333#ifdef CONFIG_SND_SEQUENCER_OSS
 334        struct snd_seq_device *oss_seq_dev;     /* OSS sequencer device */
 335        struct snd_midi_channel_set * oss_chset;
 336#endif
 337 
 338#define OPL3_PATCH_HASH_SIZE    32
 339        struct fm_patch *patch_table[OPL3_PATCH_HASH_SIZE];
 340
 341        struct snd_opl3_voice voices[MAX_OPL3_VOICES]; /* Voices (OPL3 'channel') */
 342        int use_time;                   /* allocation counter */
 343
 344        unsigned short connection_reg;  /* connection reg shadow */
 345        unsigned char drum_reg;         /* percussion reg shadow */
 346
 347        spinlock_t voice_lock;          /* Lock for voice access */
 348
 349        struct timer_list tlist;        /* timer for note-offs and effects */
 350        int sys_timer_status;           /* system timer run status */
 351        spinlock_t sys_timer_lock;      /* Lock for system timer access */
 352#endif
 353};
 354
 355/* opl3.c */
 356void snd_opl3_interrupt(struct snd_hwdep * hw);
 357int snd_opl3_new(struct snd_card *card, unsigned short hardware,
 358                 struct snd_opl3 **ropl3);
 359int snd_opl3_init(struct snd_opl3 *opl3);
 360int snd_opl3_create(struct snd_card *card,
 361                    unsigned long l_port, unsigned long r_port,
 362                    unsigned short hardware,
 363                    int integrated,
 364                    struct snd_opl3 ** opl3);
 365int snd_opl3_timer_new(struct snd_opl3 * opl3, int timer1_dev, int timer2_dev);
 366int snd_opl3_hwdep_new(struct snd_opl3 * opl3, int device, int seq_device,
 367                       struct snd_hwdep ** rhwdep);
 368
 369/* opl3_synth */
 370int snd_opl3_open(struct snd_hwdep * hw, struct file *file);
 371int snd_opl3_ioctl(struct snd_hwdep * hw, struct file *file,
 372                   unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg);
 373int snd_opl3_release(struct snd_hwdep * hw, struct file *file);
 374
 375void snd_opl3_reset(struct snd_opl3 * opl3);
 376
 377#if defined(CONFIG_SND_SEQUENCER) || defined(CONFIG_SND_SEQUENCER_MODULE)
 378long snd_opl3_write(struct snd_hwdep *hw, const char __user *buf, long count,
 379                    loff_t *offset);
 380int snd_opl3_load_patch(struct snd_opl3 *opl3,
 381                        int prog, int bank, int type,
 382                        const char *name,
 383                        const unsigned char *ext,
 384                        const unsigned char *data);
 385struct fm_patch *snd_opl3_find_patch(struct snd_opl3 *opl3, int prog, int bank,
 386                                     int create_patch);
 387void snd_opl3_clear_patches(struct snd_opl3 *opl3);
 388#else
 389#define snd_opl3_write  NULL
 390static inline void snd_opl3_clear_patches(struct snd_opl3 *opl3) {}
 391#endif
 392
 393#endif /* __SOUND_OPL3_H */
 394
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