linux/include/sound/pcm.h
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   1#ifndef __SOUND_PCM_H
   2#define __SOUND_PCM_H
   3
   4/*
   5 *  Digital Audio (PCM) abstract layer
   6 *  Copyright (c) by Jaroslav Kysela <perex@perex.cz>
   7 *                   Abramo Bagnara <abramo@alsa-project.org>
   8 *
   9 *
  10 *   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
  11 *   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
  12 *   the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
  13 *   (at your option) any later version.
  14 *
  15 *   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
  16 *   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
  17 *   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
  18 *   GNU General Public License for more details.
  19 *
  20 *   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
  21 *   along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
  22 *   Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307 USA
  23 *
  24 */
  25
  26#include <sound/asound.h>
  27#include <sound/memalloc.h>
  28#include <sound/minors.h>
  29#include <linux/poll.h>
  30#include <linux/mm.h>
  31#include <linux/bitops.h>
  32#include <linux/pm_qos.h>
  33
  34#define snd_pcm_substream_chip(substream) ((substream)->private_data)
  35#define snd_pcm_chip(pcm) ((pcm)->private_data)
  36
  37#if defined(CONFIG_SND_PCM_OSS) || defined(CONFIG_SND_PCM_OSS_MODULE)
  38#include "pcm_oss.h"
  39#endif
  40
  41/*
  42 *  Hardware (lowlevel) section
  43 */
  44
  45struct snd_pcm_hardware {
  46        unsigned int info;              /* SNDRV_PCM_INFO_* */
  47        u64 formats;                    /* SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_* */
  48        unsigned int rates;             /* SNDRV_PCM_RATE_* */
  49        unsigned int rate_min;          /* min rate */
  50        unsigned int rate_max;          /* max rate */
  51        unsigned int channels_min;      /* min channels */
  52        unsigned int channels_max;      /* max channels */
  53        size_t buffer_bytes_max;        /* max buffer size */
  54        size_t period_bytes_min;        /* min period size */
  55        size_t period_bytes_max;        /* max period size */
  56        unsigned int periods_min;       /* min # of periods */
  57        unsigned int periods_max;       /* max # of periods */
  58        size_t fifo_size;               /* fifo size in bytes */
  59};
  60
  61struct snd_pcm_substream;
  62
  63struct snd_pcm_ops {
  64        int (*open)(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream);
  65        int (*close)(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream);
  66        int (*ioctl)(struct snd_pcm_substream * substream,
  67                     unsigned int cmd, void *arg);
  68        int (*hw_params)(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
  69                         struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params);
  70        int (*hw_free)(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream);
  71        int (*prepare)(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream);
  72        int (*trigger)(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int cmd);
  73        snd_pcm_uframes_t (*pointer)(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream);
  74        int (*copy)(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int channel,
  75                    snd_pcm_uframes_t pos,
  76                    void __user *buf, snd_pcm_uframes_t count);
  77        int (*silence)(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int channel, 
  78                       snd_pcm_uframes_t pos, snd_pcm_uframes_t count);
  79        struct page *(*page)(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
  80                             unsigned long offset);
  81        int (*mmap)(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, struct vm_area_struct *vma);
  82        int (*ack)(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream);
  83};
  84
  85/*
  86 *
  87 */
  88
  89#if defined(CONFIG_SND_DYNAMIC_MINORS)
  90#define SNDRV_PCM_DEVICES       (SNDRV_OS_MINORS-2)
  91#else
  92#define SNDRV_PCM_DEVICES       8
  93#endif
  94
  95#define SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL1_FALSE          ((void *)0)
  96#define SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL1_TRUE           ((void *)1)
  97
  98#define SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL1_RESET          0
  99#define SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL1_INFO           1
 100#define SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL1_CHANNEL_INFO   2
 101#define SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL1_GSTATE         3
 102#define SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL1_FIFO_SIZE      4
 103
 104#define SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_STOP          0
 105#define SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_START         1
 106#define SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_PAUSE_PUSH    3
 107#define SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_PAUSE_RELEASE 4
 108#define SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_SUSPEND       5
 109#define SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_RESUME        6
 110
 111#define SNDRV_PCM_POS_XRUN              ((snd_pcm_uframes_t)-1)
 112
 113/* If you change this don't forget to change rates[] table in pcm_native.c */
 114#define SNDRV_PCM_RATE_5512             (1<<0)          /* 5512Hz */
 115#define SNDRV_PCM_RATE_8000             (1<<1)          /* 8000Hz */
 116#define SNDRV_PCM_RATE_11025            (1<<2)          /* 11025Hz */
 117#define SNDRV_PCM_RATE_16000            (1<<3)          /* 16000Hz */
 118#define SNDRV_PCM_RATE_22050            (1<<4)          /* 22050Hz */
 119#define SNDRV_PCM_RATE_32000            (1<<5)          /* 32000Hz */
 120#define SNDRV_PCM_RATE_44100            (1<<6)          /* 44100Hz */
 121#define SNDRV_PCM_RATE_48000            (1<<7)          /* 48000Hz */
 122#define SNDRV_PCM_RATE_64000            (1<<8)          /* 64000Hz */
 123#define SNDRV_PCM_RATE_88200            (1<<9)          /* 88200Hz */
 124#define SNDRV_PCM_RATE_96000            (1<<10)         /* 96000Hz */
 125#define SNDRV_PCM_RATE_176400           (1<<11)         /* 176400Hz */
 126#define SNDRV_PCM_RATE_192000           (1<<12)         /* 192000Hz */
 127
 128#define SNDRV_PCM_RATE_CONTINUOUS       (1<<30)         /* continuous range */
 129#define SNDRV_PCM_RATE_KNOT             (1<<31)         /* supports more non-continuos rates */
 130
 131#define SNDRV_PCM_RATE_8000_44100       (SNDRV_PCM_RATE_8000|SNDRV_PCM_RATE_11025|\
 132                                         SNDRV_PCM_RATE_16000|SNDRV_PCM_RATE_22050|\
 133                                         SNDRV_PCM_RATE_32000|SNDRV_PCM_RATE_44100)
 134#define SNDRV_PCM_RATE_8000_48000       (SNDRV_PCM_RATE_8000_44100|SNDRV_PCM_RATE_48000)
 135#define SNDRV_PCM_RATE_8000_96000       (SNDRV_PCM_RATE_8000_48000|SNDRV_PCM_RATE_64000|\
 136                                         SNDRV_PCM_RATE_88200|SNDRV_PCM_RATE_96000)
 137#define SNDRV_PCM_RATE_8000_192000      (SNDRV_PCM_RATE_8000_96000|SNDRV_PCM_RATE_176400|\
 138                                         SNDRV_PCM_RATE_192000)
 139#define _SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT(fmt)          (1ULL << (__force int)SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_##fmt)
 140#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_S8             _SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT(S8)
 141#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_U8             _SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT(U8)
 142#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_S16_LE         _SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT(S16_LE)
 143#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_S16_BE         _SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT(S16_BE)
 144#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_U16_LE         _SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT(U16_LE)
 145#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_U16_BE         _SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT(U16_BE)
 146#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_S24_LE         _SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT(S24_LE)
 147#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_S24_BE         _SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT(S24_BE)
 148#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_U24_LE         _SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT(U24_LE)
 149#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_U24_BE         _SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT(U24_BE)
 150#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_S32_LE         _SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT(S32_LE)
 151#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_S32_BE         _SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT(S32_BE)
 152#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_U32_LE         _SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT(U32_LE)
 153#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_U32_BE         _SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT(U32_BE)
 154#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_FLOAT_LE       _SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT(FLOAT_LE)
 155#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_FLOAT_BE       _SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT(FLOAT_BE)
 156#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_FLOAT64_LE     _SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT(FLOAT64_LE)
 157#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_FLOAT64_BE     _SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT(FLOAT64_BE)
 158#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_IEC958_SUBFRAME_LE _SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT(IEC958_SUBFRAME_LE)
 159#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_IEC958_SUBFRAME_BE _SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT(IEC958_SUBFRAME_BE)
 160#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_MU_LAW         _SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT(MU_LAW)
 161#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_A_LAW          _SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT(A_LAW)
 162#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_IMA_ADPCM      _SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT(IMA_ADPCM)
 163#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_MPEG           _SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT(MPEG)
 164#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_GSM            _SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT(GSM)
 165#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_SPECIAL        _SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT(SPECIAL)
 166#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_S24_3LE        _SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT(S24_3LE)
 167#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_U24_3LE        _SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT(U24_3LE)
 168#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_S24_3BE        _SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT(S24_3BE)
 169#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_U24_3BE        _SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT(U24_3BE)
 170#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_S20_3LE        _SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT(S20_3LE)
 171#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_U20_3LE        _SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT(U20_3LE)
 172#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_S20_3BE        _SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT(S20_3BE)
 173#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_U20_3BE        _SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT(U20_3BE)
 174#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_S18_3LE        _SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT(S18_3LE)
 175#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_U18_3LE        _SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT(U18_3LE)
 176#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_S18_3BE        _SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT(S18_3BE)
 177#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_U18_3BE        _SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT(U18_3BE)
 178#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_G723_24        _SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT(G723_24)
 179#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_G723_24_1B     _SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT(G723_24_1B)
 180#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_G723_40        _SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT(G723_40)
 181#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_G723_40_1B     _SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT(G723_40_1B)
 182
 183#ifdef SNDRV_LITTLE_ENDIAN
 184#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_S16            SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_S16_LE
 185#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_U16            SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_U16_LE
 186#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_S24            SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_S24_LE
 187#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_U24            SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_U24_LE
 188#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_S32            SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_S32_LE
 189#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_U32            SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_U32_LE
 190#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_FLOAT          SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_FLOAT_LE
 191#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_FLOAT64        SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_FLOAT64_LE
 192#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_IEC958_SUBFRAME SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_IEC958_SUBFRAME_LE
 193#endif
 194#ifdef SNDRV_BIG_ENDIAN
 195#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_S16            SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_S16_BE
 196#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_U16            SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_U16_BE
 197#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_S24            SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_S24_BE
 198#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_U24            SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_U24_BE
 199#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_S32            SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_S32_BE
 200#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_U32            SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_U32_BE
 201#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_FLOAT          SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_FLOAT_BE
 202#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_FLOAT64        SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_FLOAT64_BE
 203#define SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_IEC958_SUBFRAME SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_IEC958_SUBFRAME_BE
 204#endif
 205
 206struct snd_pcm_file {
 207        struct snd_pcm_substream *substream;
 208        int no_compat_mmap;
 209};
 210
 211struct snd_pcm_hw_rule;
 212typedef int (*snd_pcm_hw_rule_func_t)(struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params,
 213                                      struct snd_pcm_hw_rule *rule);
 214
 215struct snd_pcm_hw_rule {
 216        unsigned int cond;
 217        snd_pcm_hw_rule_func_t func;
 218        int var;
 219        int deps[4];
 220        void *private;
 221};
 222
 223struct snd_pcm_hw_constraints {
 224        struct snd_mask masks[SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_LAST_MASK - 
 225                         SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FIRST_MASK + 1];
 226        struct snd_interval intervals[SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_LAST_INTERVAL -
 227                             SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FIRST_INTERVAL + 1];
 228        unsigned int rules_num;
 229        unsigned int rules_all;
 230        struct snd_pcm_hw_rule *rules;
 231};
 232
 233static inline struct snd_mask *constrs_mask(struct snd_pcm_hw_constraints *constrs,
 234                                            snd_pcm_hw_param_t var)
 235{
 236        return &constrs->masks[var - SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FIRST_MASK];
 237}
 238
 239static inline struct snd_interval *constrs_interval(struct snd_pcm_hw_constraints *constrs,
 240                                                    snd_pcm_hw_param_t var)
 241{
 242        return &constrs->intervals[var - SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FIRST_INTERVAL];
 243}
 244
 245struct snd_ratnum {
 246        unsigned int num;
 247        unsigned int den_min, den_max, den_step;
 248};
 249
 250struct snd_ratden {
 251        unsigned int num_min, num_max, num_step;
 252        unsigned int den;
 253};
 254
 255struct snd_pcm_hw_constraint_ratnums {
 256        int nrats;
 257        struct snd_ratnum *rats;
 258};
 259
 260struct snd_pcm_hw_constraint_ratdens {
 261        int nrats;
 262        struct snd_ratden *rats;
 263};
 264
 265struct snd_pcm_hw_constraint_list {
 266        unsigned int count;
 267        const unsigned int *list;
 268        unsigned int mask;
 269};
 270
 271struct snd_pcm_hwptr_log;
 272
 273struct snd_pcm_runtime {
 274        /* -- Status -- */
 275        struct snd_pcm_substream *trigger_master;
 276        struct timespec trigger_tstamp; /* trigger timestamp */
 277        int overrange;
 278        snd_pcm_uframes_t avail_max;
 279        snd_pcm_uframes_t hw_ptr_base;  /* Position at buffer restart */
 280        snd_pcm_uframes_t hw_ptr_interrupt; /* Position at interrupt time */
 281        unsigned long hw_ptr_jiffies;   /* Time when hw_ptr is updated */
 282        unsigned long hw_ptr_buffer_jiffies; /* buffer time in jiffies */
 283        snd_pcm_sframes_t delay;        /* extra delay; typically FIFO size */
 284
 285        /* -- HW params -- */
 286        snd_pcm_access_t access;        /* access mode */
 287        snd_pcm_format_t format;        /* SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_* */
 288        snd_pcm_subformat_t subformat;  /* subformat */
 289        unsigned int rate;              /* rate in Hz */
 290        unsigned int channels;          /* channels */
 291        snd_pcm_uframes_t period_size;  /* period size */
 292        unsigned int periods;           /* periods */
 293        snd_pcm_uframes_t buffer_size;  /* buffer size */
 294        snd_pcm_uframes_t min_align;    /* Min alignment for the format */
 295        size_t byte_align;
 296        unsigned int frame_bits;
 297        unsigned int sample_bits;
 298        unsigned int info;
 299        unsigned int rate_num;
 300        unsigned int rate_den;
 301        unsigned int no_period_wakeup: 1;
 302
 303        /* -- SW params -- */
 304        int tstamp_mode;                /* mmap timestamp is updated */
 305        unsigned int period_step;
 306        snd_pcm_uframes_t start_threshold;
 307        snd_pcm_uframes_t stop_threshold;
 308        snd_pcm_uframes_t silence_threshold; /* Silence filling happens when
 309                                                noise is nearest than this */
 310        snd_pcm_uframes_t silence_size; /* Silence filling size */
 311        snd_pcm_uframes_t boundary;     /* pointers wrap point */
 312
 313        snd_pcm_uframes_t silence_start; /* starting pointer to silence area */
 314        snd_pcm_uframes_t silence_filled; /* size filled with silence */
 315
 316        union snd_pcm_sync_id sync;     /* hardware synchronization ID */
 317
 318        /* -- mmap -- */
 319        struct snd_pcm_mmap_status *status;
 320        struct snd_pcm_mmap_control *control;
 321
 322        /* -- locking / scheduling -- */
 323        snd_pcm_uframes_t twake;        /* do transfer (!poll) wakeup if non-zero */
 324        wait_queue_head_t sleep;        /* poll sleep */
 325        wait_queue_head_t tsleep;       /* transfer sleep */
 326        struct fasync_struct *fasync;
 327
 328        /* -- private section -- */
 329        void *private_data;
 330        void (*private_free)(struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime);
 331
 332        /* -- hardware description -- */
 333        struct snd_pcm_hardware hw;
 334        struct snd_pcm_hw_constraints hw_constraints;
 335
 336        /* -- interrupt callbacks -- */
 337        void (*transfer_ack_begin)(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream);
 338        void (*transfer_ack_end)(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream);
 339
 340        /* -- timer -- */
 341        unsigned int timer_resolution;  /* timer resolution */
 342        int tstamp_type;                /* timestamp type */
 343
 344        /* -- DMA -- */           
 345        unsigned char *dma_area;        /* DMA area */
 346        dma_addr_t dma_addr;            /* physical bus address (not accessible from main CPU) */
 347        size_t dma_bytes;               /* size of DMA area */
 348
 349        struct snd_dma_buffer *dma_buffer_p;    /* allocated buffer */
 350
 351#if defined(CONFIG_SND_PCM_OSS) || defined(CONFIG_SND_PCM_OSS_MODULE)
 352        /* -- OSS things -- */
 353        struct snd_pcm_oss_runtime oss;
 354#endif
 355
 356#ifdef CONFIG_SND_PCM_XRUN_DEBUG
 357        struct snd_pcm_hwptr_log *hwptr_log;
 358#endif
 359};
 360
 361struct snd_pcm_group {          /* keep linked substreams */
 362        spinlock_t lock;
 363        struct list_head substreams;
 364        int count;
 365};
 366
 367struct pid;
 368
 369struct snd_pcm_substream {
 370        struct snd_pcm *pcm;
 371        struct snd_pcm_str *pstr;
 372        void *private_data;             /* copied from pcm->private_data */
 373        int number;
 374        char name[32];                  /* substream name */
 375        int stream;                     /* stream (direction) */
 376        struct pm_qos_request latency_pm_qos_req; /* pm_qos request */
 377        size_t buffer_bytes_max;        /* limit ring buffer size */
 378        struct snd_dma_buffer dma_buffer;
 379        unsigned int dma_buf_id;
 380        size_t dma_max;
 381        /* -- hardware operations -- */
 382        struct snd_pcm_ops *ops;
 383        /* -- runtime information -- */
 384        struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
 385        /* -- timer section -- */
 386        struct snd_timer *timer;                /* timer */
 387        unsigned timer_running: 1;      /* time is running */
 388        /* -- next substream -- */
 389        struct snd_pcm_substream *next;
 390        /* -- linked substreams -- */
 391        struct list_head link_list;     /* linked list member */
 392        struct snd_pcm_group self_group;        /* fake group for non linked substream (with substream lock inside) */
 393        struct snd_pcm_group *group;            /* pointer to current group */
 394        /* -- assigned files -- */
 395        void *file;
 396        int ref_count;
 397        atomic_t mmap_count;
 398        unsigned int f_flags;
 399        void (*pcm_release)(struct snd_pcm_substream *);
 400        struct pid *pid;
 401#if defined(CONFIG_SND_PCM_OSS) || defined(CONFIG_SND_PCM_OSS_MODULE)
 402        /* -- OSS things -- */
 403        struct snd_pcm_oss_substream oss;
 404#endif
 405#ifdef CONFIG_SND_VERBOSE_PROCFS
 406        struct snd_info_entry *proc_root;
 407        struct snd_info_entry *proc_info_entry;
 408        struct snd_info_entry *proc_hw_params_entry;
 409        struct snd_info_entry *proc_sw_params_entry;
 410        struct snd_info_entry *proc_status_entry;
 411        struct snd_info_entry *proc_prealloc_entry;
 412        struct snd_info_entry *proc_prealloc_max_entry;
 413#endif
 414        /* misc flags */
 415        unsigned int hw_opened: 1;
 416};
 417
 418#define SUBSTREAM_BUSY(substream) ((substream)->ref_count > 0)
 419
 420
 421struct snd_pcm_str {
 422        int stream;                             /* stream (direction) */
 423        struct snd_pcm *pcm;
 424        /* -- substreams -- */
 425        unsigned int substream_count;
 426        unsigned int substream_opened;
 427        struct snd_pcm_substream *substream;
 428#if defined(CONFIG_SND_PCM_OSS) || defined(CONFIG_SND_PCM_OSS_MODULE)
 429        /* -- OSS things -- */
 430        struct snd_pcm_oss_stream oss;
 431#endif
 432#ifdef CONFIG_SND_VERBOSE_PROCFS
 433        struct snd_info_entry *proc_root;
 434        struct snd_info_entry *proc_info_entry;
 435#ifdef CONFIG_SND_PCM_XRUN_DEBUG
 436        unsigned int xrun_debug;        /* 0 = disabled, 1 = verbose, 2 = stacktrace */
 437        struct snd_info_entry *proc_xrun_debug_entry;
 438#endif
 439#endif
 440};
 441
 442struct snd_pcm {
 443        struct snd_card *card;
 444        struct list_head list;
 445        int device; /* device number */
 446        unsigned int info_flags;
 447        unsigned short dev_class;
 448        unsigned short dev_subclass;
 449        char id[64];
 450        char name[80];
 451        struct snd_pcm_str streams[2];
 452        struct mutex open_mutex;
 453        wait_queue_head_t open_wait;
 454        void *private_data;
 455        void (*private_free) (struct snd_pcm *pcm);
 456        struct device *dev; /* actual hw device this belongs to */
 457        bool internal; /* pcm is for internal use only */
 458#if defined(CONFIG_SND_PCM_OSS) || defined(CONFIG_SND_PCM_OSS_MODULE)
 459        struct snd_pcm_oss oss;
 460#endif
 461};
 462
 463struct snd_pcm_notify {
 464        int (*n_register) (struct snd_pcm * pcm);
 465        int (*n_disconnect) (struct snd_pcm * pcm);
 466        int (*n_unregister) (struct snd_pcm * pcm);
 467        struct list_head list;
 468};
 469
 470/*
 471 *  Registering
 472 */
 473
 474extern const struct file_operations snd_pcm_f_ops[2];
 475
 476int snd_pcm_new(struct snd_card *card, const char *id, int device,
 477                int playback_count, int capture_count,
 478                struct snd_pcm **rpcm);
 479int snd_pcm_new_internal(struct snd_card *card, const char *id, int device,
 480                int playback_count, int capture_count,
 481                struct snd_pcm **rpcm);
 482int snd_pcm_new_stream(struct snd_pcm *pcm, int stream, int substream_count);
 483
 484int snd_pcm_notify(struct snd_pcm_notify *notify, int nfree);
 485
 486/*
 487 *  Native I/O
 488 */
 489
 490extern rwlock_t snd_pcm_link_rwlock;
 491
 492int snd_pcm_info(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, struct snd_pcm_info *info);
 493int snd_pcm_info_user(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
 494                      struct snd_pcm_info __user *info);
 495int snd_pcm_status(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
 496                   struct snd_pcm_status *status);
 497int snd_pcm_start(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream);
 498int snd_pcm_stop(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, snd_pcm_state_t status);
 499int snd_pcm_drain_done(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream);
 500#ifdef CONFIG_PM
 501int snd_pcm_suspend(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream);
 502int snd_pcm_suspend_all(struct snd_pcm *pcm);
 503#endif
 504int snd_pcm_kernel_ioctl(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, unsigned int cmd, void *arg);
 505int snd_pcm_open_substream(struct snd_pcm *pcm, int stream, struct file *file,
 506                           struct snd_pcm_substream **rsubstream);
 507void snd_pcm_release_substream(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream);
 508int snd_pcm_attach_substream(struct snd_pcm *pcm, int stream, struct file *file,
 509                             struct snd_pcm_substream **rsubstream);
 510void snd_pcm_detach_substream(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream);
 511void snd_pcm_vma_notify_data(void *client, void *data);
 512int snd_pcm_mmap_data(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, struct file *file, struct vm_area_struct *area);
 513
 514
 515#ifdef CONFIG_SND_DEBUG
 516void snd_pcm_debug_name(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
 517                           char *name, size_t len);
 518#else
 519static inline void
 520snd_pcm_debug_name(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, char *buf, size_t size)
 521{
 522        *buf = 0;
 523}
 524#endif
 525
 526/*
 527 *  PCM library
 528 */
 529
 530static inline int snd_pcm_stream_linked(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
 531{
 532        return substream->group != &substream->self_group;
 533}
 534
 535static inline void snd_pcm_stream_lock(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
 536{
 537        read_lock(&snd_pcm_link_rwlock);
 538        spin_lock(&substream->self_group.lock);
 539}
 540
 541static inline void snd_pcm_stream_unlock(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
 542{
 543        spin_unlock(&substream->self_group.lock);
 544        read_unlock(&snd_pcm_link_rwlock);
 545}
 546
 547static inline void snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
 548{
 549        read_lock_irq(&snd_pcm_link_rwlock);
 550        spin_lock(&substream->self_group.lock);
 551}
 552
 553static inline void snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
 554{
 555        spin_unlock(&substream->self_group.lock);
 556        read_unlock_irq(&snd_pcm_link_rwlock);
 557}
 558
 559#define snd_pcm_stream_lock_irqsave(substream, flags) \
 560do { \
 561        read_lock_irqsave(&snd_pcm_link_rwlock, (flags)); \
 562        spin_lock(&substream->self_group.lock); \
 563} while (0)
 564
 565#define snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irqrestore(substream, flags) \
 566do { \
 567        spin_unlock(&substream->self_group.lock); \
 568        read_unlock_irqrestore(&snd_pcm_link_rwlock, (flags)); \
 569} while (0)
 570
 571#define snd_pcm_group_for_each_entry(s, substream) \
 572        list_for_each_entry(s, &substream->group->substreams, link_list)
 573
 574static inline int snd_pcm_running(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
 575{
 576        return (substream->runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING ||
 577                (substream->runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_DRAINING &&
 578                 substream->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK));
 579}
 580
 581static inline ssize_t bytes_to_samples(struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime, ssize_t size)
 582{
 583        return size * 8 / runtime->sample_bits;
 584}
 585
 586static inline snd_pcm_sframes_t bytes_to_frames(struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime, ssize_t size)
 587{
 588        return size * 8 / runtime->frame_bits;
 589}
 590
 591static inline ssize_t samples_to_bytes(struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime, ssize_t size)
 592{
 593        return size * runtime->sample_bits / 8;
 594}
 595
 596static inline ssize_t frames_to_bytes(struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime, snd_pcm_sframes_t size)
 597{
 598        return size * runtime->frame_bits / 8;
 599}
 600
 601static inline int frame_aligned(struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime, ssize_t bytes)
 602{
 603        return bytes % runtime->byte_align == 0;
 604}
 605
 606static inline size_t snd_pcm_lib_buffer_bytes(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
 607{
 608        struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
 609        return frames_to_bytes(runtime, runtime->buffer_size);
 610}
 611
 612static inline size_t snd_pcm_lib_period_bytes(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
 613{
 614        struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
 615        return frames_to_bytes(runtime, runtime->period_size);
 616}
 617
 618/*
 619 *  result is: 0 ... (boundary - 1)
 620 */
 621static inline snd_pcm_uframes_t snd_pcm_playback_avail(struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime)
 622{
 623        snd_pcm_sframes_t avail = runtime->status->hw_ptr + runtime->buffer_size - runtime->control->appl_ptr;
 624        if (avail < 0)
 625                avail += runtime->boundary;
 626        else if ((snd_pcm_uframes_t) avail >= runtime->boundary)
 627                avail -= runtime->boundary;
 628        return avail;
 629}
 630
 631/*
 632 *  result is: 0 ... (boundary - 1)
 633 */
 634static inline snd_pcm_uframes_t snd_pcm_capture_avail(struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime)
 635{
 636        snd_pcm_sframes_t avail = runtime->status->hw_ptr - runtime->control->appl_ptr;
 637        if (avail < 0)
 638                avail += runtime->boundary;
 639        return avail;
 640}
 641
 642static inline snd_pcm_sframes_t snd_pcm_playback_hw_avail(struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime)
 643{
 644        return runtime->buffer_size - snd_pcm_playback_avail(runtime);
 645}
 646
 647static inline snd_pcm_sframes_t snd_pcm_capture_hw_avail(struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime)
 648{
 649        return runtime->buffer_size - snd_pcm_capture_avail(runtime);
 650}
 651
 652/**
 653 * snd_pcm_playback_ready - check whether the playback buffer is available
 654 * @substream: the pcm substream instance
 655 *
 656 * Checks whether enough free space is available on the playback buffer.
 657 *
 658 * Returns non-zero if available, or zero if not.
 659 */
 660static inline int snd_pcm_playback_ready(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
 661{
 662        struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
 663        return snd_pcm_playback_avail(runtime) >= runtime->control->avail_min;
 664}
 665
 666/**
 667 * snd_pcm_capture_ready - check whether the capture buffer is available
 668 * @substream: the pcm substream instance
 669 *
 670 * Checks whether enough capture data is available on the capture buffer.
 671 *
 672 * Returns non-zero if available, or zero if not.
 673 */
 674static inline int snd_pcm_capture_ready(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
 675{
 676        struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
 677        return snd_pcm_capture_avail(runtime) >= runtime->control->avail_min;
 678}
 679
 680/**
 681 * snd_pcm_playback_data - check whether any data exists on the playback buffer
 682 * @substream: the pcm substream instance
 683 *
 684 * Checks whether any data exists on the playback buffer. If stop_threshold
 685 * is bigger or equal to boundary, then this function returns always non-zero.
 686 *
 687 * Returns non-zero if exists, or zero if not.
 688 */
 689static inline int snd_pcm_playback_data(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
 690{
 691        struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
 692        
 693        if (runtime->stop_threshold >= runtime->boundary)
 694                return 1;
 695        return snd_pcm_playback_avail(runtime) < runtime->buffer_size;
 696}
 697
 698/**
 699 * snd_pcm_playback_empty - check whether the playback buffer is empty
 700 * @substream: the pcm substream instance
 701 *
 702 * Checks whether the playback buffer is empty.
 703 *
 704 * Returns non-zero if empty, or zero if not.
 705 */
 706static inline int snd_pcm_playback_empty(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
 707{
 708        struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
 709        return snd_pcm_playback_avail(runtime) >= runtime->buffer_size;
 710}
 711
 712/**
 713 * snd_pcm_capture_empty - check whether the capture buffer is empty
 714 * @substream: the pcm substream instance
 715 *
 716 * Checks whether the capture buffer is empty.
 717 *
 718 * Returns non-zero if empty, or zero if not.
 719 */
 720static inline int snd_pcm_capture_empty(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
 721{
 722        struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
 723        return snd_pcm_capture_avail(runtime) == 0;
 724}
 725
 726static inline void snd_pcm_trigger_done(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, 
 727                                        struct snd_pcm_substream *master)
 728{
 729        substream->runtime->trigger_master = master;
 730}
 731
 732static inline int hw_is_mask(int var)
 733{
 734        return var >= SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FIRST_MASK &&
 735                var <= SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_LAST_MASK;
 736}
 737
 738static inline int hw_is_interval(int var)
 739{
 740        return var >= SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FIRST_INTERVAL &&
 741                var <= SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_LAST_INTERVAL;
 742}
 743
 744static inline struct snd_mask *hw_param_mask(struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params,
 745                                     snd_pcm_hw_param_t var)
 746{
 747        return &params->masks[var - SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FIRST_MASK];
 748}
 749
 750static inline struct snd_interval *hw_param_interval(struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params,
 751                                             snd_pcm_hw_param_t var)
 752{
 753        return &params->intervals[var - SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FIRST_INTERVAL];
 754}
 755
 756static inline const struct snd_mask *hw_param_mask_c(const struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params,
 757                                             snd_pcm_hw_param_t var)
 758{
 759        return &params->masks[var - SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FIRST_MASK];
 760}
 761
 762static inline const struct snd_interval *hw_param_interval_c(const struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params,
 763                                                     snd_pcm_hw_param_t var)
 764{
 765        return &params->intervals[var - SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FIRST_INTERVAL];
 766}
 767
 768#define params_channels(p) \
 769        (hw_param_interval_c((p), SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_CHANNELS)->min)
 770#define params_rate(p) \
 771        (hw_param_interval_c((p), SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE)->min)
 772#define params_period_size(p) \
 773        (hw_param_interval_c((p), SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_SIZE)->min)
 774#define params_periods(p) \
 775        (hw_param_interval_c((p), SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIODS)->min)
 776#define params_buffer_size(p) \
 777        (hw_param_interval_c((p), SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_SIZE)->min)
 778#define params_buffer_bytes(p) \
 779        (hw_param_interval_c((p), SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_BYTES)->min)
 780
 781int snd_interval_refine(struct snd_interval *i, const struct snd_interval *v);
 782void snd_interval_mul(const struct snd_interval *a, const struct snd_interval *b, struct snd_interval *c);
 783void snd_interval_div(const struct snd_interval *a, const struct snd_interval *b, struct snd_interval *c);
 784void snd_interval_muldivk(const struct snd_interval *a, const struct snd_interval *b, 
 785                          unsigned int k, struct snd_interval *c);
 786void snd_interval_mulkdiv(const struct snd_interval *a, unsigned int k,
 787                          const struct snd_interval *b, struct snd_interval *c);
 788int snd_interval_list(struct snd_interval *i, unsigned int count,
 789                      const unsigned int *list, unsigned int mask);
 790int snd_interval_ratnum(struct snd_interval *i,
 791                        unsigned int rats_count, struct snd_ratnum *rats,
 792                        unsigned int *nump, unsigned int *denp);
 793
 794void _snd_pcm_hw_params_any(struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params);
 795void _snd_pcm_hw_param_setempty(struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params, snd_pcm_hw_param_t var);
 796int snd_pcm_hw_params_choose(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params);
 797
 798int snd_pcm_hw_refine(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params);
 799
 800int snd_pcm_hw_constraints_init(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream);
 801int snd_pcm_hw_constraints_complete(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream);
 802
 803int snd_pcm_hw_constraint_mask(struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime, snd_pcm_hw_param_t var,
 804                               u_int32_t mask);
 805int snd_pcm_hw_constraint_mask64(struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime, snd_pcm_hw_param_t var,
 806                                 u_int64_t mask);
 807int snd_pcm_hw_constraint_minmax(struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime, snd_pcm_hw_param_t var,
 808                                 unsigned int min, unsigned int max);
 809int snd_pcm_hw_constraint_integer(struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime, snd_pcm_hw_param_t var);
 810int snd_pcm_hw_constraint_list(struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime, 
 811                               unsigned int cond,
 812                               snd_pcm_hw_param_t var,
 813                               const struct snd_pcm_hw_constraint_list *l);
 814int snd_pcm_hw_constraint_ratnums(struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime, 
 815                                  unsigned int cond,
 816                                  snd_pcm_hw_param_t var,
 817                                  struct snd_pcm_hw_constraint_ratnums *r);
 818int snd_pcm_hw_constraint_ratdens(struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime, 
 819                                  unsigned int cond,
 820                                  snd_pcm_hw_param_t var,
 821                                  struct snd_pcm_hw_constraint_ratdens *r);
 822int snd_pcm_hw_constraint_msbits(struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime, 
 823                                 unsigned int cond,
 824                                 unsigned int width,
 825                                 unsigned int msbits);
 826int snd_pcm_hw_constraint_step(struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime,
 827                               unsigned int cond,
 828                               snd_pcm_hw_param_t var,
 829                               unsigned long step);
 830int snd_pcm_hw_constraint_pow2(struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime,
 831                               unsigned int cond,
 832                               snd_pcm_hw_param_t var);
 833int snd_pcm_hw_rule_noresample(struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime,
 834                               unsigned int base_rate);
 835int snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime,
 836                        unsigned int cond,
 837                        int var,
 838                        snd_pcm_hw_rule_func_t func, void *private,
 839                        int dep, ...);
 840
 841int snd_pcm_format_signed(snd_pcm_format_t format);
 842int snd_pcm_format_unsigned(snd_pcm_format_t format);
 843int snd_pcm_format_linear(snd_pcm_format_t format);
 844int snd_pcm_format_little_endian(snd_pcm_format_t format);
 845int snd_pcm_format_big_endian(snd_pcm_format_t format);
 846#if 0 /* just for DocBook */
 847/**
 848 * snd_pcm_format_cpu_endian - Check the PCM format is CPU-endian
 849 * @format: the format to check
 850 *
 851 * Returns 1 if the given PCM format is CPU-endian, 0 if
 852 * opposite, or a negative error code if endian not specified.
 853 */
 854int snd_pcm_format_cpu_endian(snd_pcm_format_t format);
 855#endif /* DocBook */
 856#ifdef SNDRV_LITTLE_ENDIAN
 857#define snd_pcm_format_cpu_endian(format) snd_pcm_format_little_endian(format)
 858#else
 859#define snd_pcm_format_cpu_endian(format) snd_pcm_format_big_endian(format)
 860#endif
 861int snd_pcm_format_width(snd_pcm_format_t format);                      /* in bits */
 862int snd_pcm_format_physical_width(snd_pcm_format_t format);             /* in bits */
 863ssize_t snd_pcm_format_size(snd_pcm_format_t format, size_t samples);
 864const unsigned char *snd_pcm_format_silence_64(snd_pcm_format_t format);
 865int snd_pcm_format_set_silence(snd_pcm_format_t format, void *buf, unsigned int frames);
 866snd_pcm_format_t snd_pcm_build_linear_format(int width, int unsignd, int big_endian);
 867
 868void snd_pcm_set_ops(struct snd_pcm * pcm, int direction, struct snd_pcm_ops *ops);
 869void snd_pcm_set_sync(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream);
 870int snd_pcm_lib_interleave_len(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream);
 871int snd_pcm_lib_ioctl(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
 872                      unsigned int cmd, void *arg);                      
 873int snd_pcm_update_state(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
 874                         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime);
 875int snd_pcm_update_hw_ptr(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream);
 876int snd_pcm_playback_xrun_check(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream);
 877int snd_pcm_capture_xrun_check(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream);
 878int snd_pcm_playback_xrun_asap(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream);
 879int snd_pcm_capture_xrun_asap(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream);
 880void snd_pcm_playback_silence(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, snd_pcm_uframes_t new_hw_ptr);
 881void snd_pcm_period_elapsed(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream);
 882snd_pcm_sframes_t snd_pcm_lib_write(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
 883                                    const void __user *buf,
 884                                    snd_pcm_uframes_t frames);
 885snd_pcm_sframes_t snd_pcm_lib_read(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
 886                                   void __user *buf, snd_pcm_uframes_t frames);
 887snd_pcm_sframes_t snd_pcm_lib_writev(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
 888                                     void __user **bufs, snd_pcm_uframes_t frames);
 889snd_pcm_sframes_t snd_pcm_lib_readv(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
 890                                    void __user **bufs, snd_pcm_uframes_t frames);
 891
 892extern const struct snd_pcm_hw_constraint_list snd_pcm_known_rates;
 893
 894int snd_pcm_limit_hw_rates(struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime);
 895unsigned int snd_pcm_rate_to_rate_bit(unsigned int rate);
 896unsigned int snd_pcm_rate_bit_to_rate(unsigned int rate_bit);
 897
 898static inline void snd_pcm_set_runtime_buffer(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
 899                                              struct snd_dma_buffer *bufp)
 900{
 901        struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
 902        if (bufp) {
 903                runtime->dma_buffer_p = bufp;
 904                runtime->dma_area = bufp->area;
 905                runtime->dma_addr = bufp->addr;
 906                runtime->dma_bytes = bufp->bytes;
 907        } else {
 908                runtime->dma_buffer_p = NULL;
 909                runtime->dma_area = NULL;
 910                runtime->dma_addr = 0;
 911                runtime->dma_bytes = 0;
 912        }
 913}
 914
 915/*
 916 *  Timer interface
 917 */
 918
 919void snd_pcm_timer_resolution_change(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream);
 920void snd_pcm_timer_init(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream);
 921void snd_pcm_timer_done(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream);
 922
 923static inline void snd_pcm_gettime(struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime,
 924                                   struct timespec *tv)
 925{
 926        if (runtime->tstamp_type == SNDRV_PCM_TSTAMP_TYPE_MONOTONIC)
 927                do_posix_clock_monotonic_gettime(tv);
 928        else
 929                getnstimeofday(tv);
 930}
 931
 932/*
 933 *  Memory
 934 */
 935
 936int snd_pcm_lib_preallocate_free(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream);
 937int snd_pcm_lib_preallocate_free_for_all(struct snd_pcm *pcm);
 938int snd_pcm_lib_preallocate_pages(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
 939                                  int type, struct device *data,
 940                                  size_t size, size_t max);
 941int snd_pcm_lib_preallocate_pages_for_all(struct snd_pcm *pcm,
 942                                          int type, void *data,
 943                                          size_t size, size_t max);
 944int snd_pcm_lib_malloc_pages(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, size_t size);
 945int snd_pcm_lib_free_pages(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream);
 946
 947int _snd_pcm_lib_alloc_vmalloc_buffer(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
 948                                      size_t size, gfp_t gfp_flags);
 949int snd_pcm_lib_free_vmalloc_buffer(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream);
 950struct page *snd_pcm_lib_get_vmalloc_page(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
 951                                          unsigned long offset);
 952#if 0 /* for kernel-doc */
 953/**
 954 * snd_pcm_lib_alloc_vmalloc_buffer - allocate virtual DMA buffer
 955 * @substream: the substream to allocate the buffer to
 956 * @size: the requested buffer size, in bytes
 957 *
 958 * Allocates the PCM substream buffer using vmalloc(), i.e., the memory is
 959 * contiguous in kernel virtual space, but not in physical memory.  Use this
 960 * if the buffer is accessed by kernel code but not by device DMA.
 961 *
 962 * Returns 1 if the buffer was changed, 0 if not changed, or a negative error
 963 * code.
 964 */
 965static int snd_pcm_lib_alloc_vmalloc_buffer
 966                        (struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, size_t size);
 967/**
 968 * snd_pcm_lib_alloc_vmalloc_32_buffer - allocate 32-bit-addressable buffer
 969 * @substream: the substream to allocate the buffer to
 970 * @size: the requested buffer size, in bytes
 971 *
 972 * This function works like snd_pcm_lib_alloc_vmalloc_buffer(), but uses
 973 * vmalloc_32(), i.e., the pages are allocated from 32-bit-addressable memory.
 974 */
 975static int snd_pcm_lib_alloc_vmalloc_32_buffer
 976                        (struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, size_t size);
 977#endif
 978#define snd_pcm_lib_alloc_vmalloc_buffer(subs, size) \
 979        _snd_pcm_lib_alloc_vmalloc_buffer \
 980                        (subs, size, GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_HIGHMEM | __GFP_ZERO)
 981#define snd_pcm_lib_alloc_vmalloc_32_buffer(subs, size) \
 982        _snd_pcm_lib_alloc_vmalloc_buffer \
 983                        (subs, size, GFP_KERNEL | GFP_DMA32 | __GFP_ZERO)
 984
 985#ifdef CONFIG_SND_DMA_SGBUF
 986/*
 987 * SG-buffer handling
 988 */
 989#define snd_pcm_substream_sgbuf(substream) \
 990        ((substream)->runtime->dma_buffer_p->private_data)
 991
 992static inline dma_addr_t
 993snd_pcm_sgbuf_get_addr(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, unsigned int ofs)
 994{
 995        struct snd_sg_buf *sg = snd_pcm_substream_sgbuf(substream);
 996        return snd_sgbuf_get_addr(sg, ofs);
 997}
 998
 999static inline void *
1000snd_pcm_sgbuf_get_ptr(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, unsigned int ofs)
1001{
1002        struct snd_sg_buf *sg = snd_pcm_substream_sgbuf(substream);
1003        return snd_sgbuf_get_ptr(sg, ofs);
1004}
1005
1006struct page *snd_pcm_sgbuf_ops_page(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
1007                                    unsigned long offset);
1008unsigned int snd_pcm_sgbuf_get_chunk_size(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
1009                                          unsigned int ofs, unsigned int size);
1010
1011#else /* !SND_DMA_SGBUF */
1012/*
1013 * fake using a continuous buffer
1014 */
1015static inline dma_addr_t
1016snd_pcm_sgbuf_get_addr(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, unsigned int ofs)
1017{
1018        return substream->runtime->dma_addr + ofs;
1019}
1020
1021static inline void *
1022snd_pcm_sgbuf_get_ptr(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, unsigned int ofs)
1023{
1024        return substream->runtime->dma_area + ofs;
1025}
1026
1027#define snd_pcm_sgbuf_ops_page  NULL
1028
1029#define snd_pcm_sgbuf_get_chunk_size(subs, ofs, size)   (size)
1030
1031#endif /* SND_DMA_SGBUF */
1032
1033/* handle mmap counter - PCM mmap callback should handle this counter properly */
1034static inline void snd_pcm_mmap_data_open(struct vm_area_struct *area)
1035{
1036        struct snd_pcm_substream *substream = (struct snd_pcm_substream *)area->vm_private_data;
1037        atomic_inc(&substream->mmap_count);
1038}
1039
1040static inline void snd_pcm_mmap_data_close(struct vm_area_struct *area)
1041{
1042        struct snd_pcm_substream *substream = (struct snd_pcm_substream *)area->vm_private_data;
1043        atomic_dec(&substream->mmap_count);
1044}
1045
1046int snd_pcm_lib_default_mmap(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
1047                             struct vm_area_struct *area);
1048/* mmap for io-memory area */
1049#if defined(CONFIG_X86) || defined(CONFIG_PPC) || defined(CONFIG_ALPHA)
1050#define SNDRV_PCM_INFO_MMAP_IOMEM       SNDRV_PCM_INFO_MMAP
1051int snd_pcm_lib_mmap_iomem(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, struct vm_area_struct *area);
1052#else
1053#define SNDRV_PCM_INFO_MMAP_IOMEM       0
1054#define snd_pcm_lib_mmap_iomem  NULL
1055#endif
1056
1057#define snd_pcm_lib_mmap_vmalloc NULL
1058
1059static inline void snd_pcm_limit_isa_dma_size(int dma, size_t *max)
1060{
1061        *max = dma < 4 ? 64 * 1024 : 128 * 1024;
1062}
1063
1064/*
1065 *  Misc
1066 */
1067
1068#define SNDRV_PCM_DEFAULT_CON_SPDIF     (IEC958_AES0_CON_EMPHASIS_NONE|\
1069                                         (IEC958_AES1_CON_ORIGINAL<<8)|\
1070                                         (IEC958_AES1_CON_PCM_CODER<<8)|\
1071                                         (IEC958_AES3_CON_FS_48000<<24))
1072
1073#define PCM_RUNTIME_CHECK(sub) snd_BUG_ON(!(sub) || !(sub)->runtime)
1074
1075const char *snd_pcm_format_name(snd_pcm_format_t format);
1076
1077/**
1078 * snd_pcm_stream_str - Get a string naming the direction of a stream
1079 * @substream: the pcm substream instance
1080 */
1081static inline const char *snd_pcm_stream_str(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
1082{
1083        if (substream->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK)
1084                return "Playback";
1085        else
1086                return "Capture";
1087}
1088
1089#endif /* __SOUND_PCM_H */
1090
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