4Dm-io provides synchronous and asynchronous I/O services. There are three
   5types of I/O services available, and each type has a sync and an async
   8The user must set up an io_region structure to describe the desired location
   9of the I/O. Each io_region indicates a block-device along with the starting
  10sector and size of the region.
  12   struct io_region {
  13      struct block_device *bdev;
  14      sector_t sector;
  15      sector_t count;
  16   };
  18Dm-io can read from one io_region or write to one or more io_regions. Writes
  19to multiple regions are specified by an array of io_region structures.
  21The first I/O service type takes a list of memory pages as the data buffer for
  22the I/O, along with an offset into the first page.
  24   struct page_list {
  25      struct page_list *next;
  26      struct page *page;
  27   };
  29   int dm_io_sync(unsigned int num_regions, struct io_region *where, int rw,
  30                  struct page_list *pl, unsigned int offset,
  31                  unsigned long *error_bits);
  32   int dm_io_async(unsigned int num_regions, struct io_region *where, int rw,
  33                   struct page_list *pl, unsigned int offset,
  34                   io_notify_fn fn, void *context);
  36The second I/O service type takes an array of bio vectors as the data buffer
  37for the I/O. This service can be handy if the caller has a pre-assembled bio,
  38but wants to direct different portions of the bio to different devices.
  40   int dm_io_sync_bvec(unsigned int num_regions, struct io_region *where,
  41                       int rw, struct bio_vec *bvec,
  42                       unsigned long *error_bits);
  43   int dm_io_async_bvec(unsigned int num_regions, struct io_region *where,
  44                        int rw, struct bio_vec *bvec,
  45                        io_notify_fn fn, void *context);
  47The third I/O service type takes a pointer to a vmalloc'd memory buffer as the
  48data buffer for the I/O. This service can be handy if the caller needs to do
  49I/O to a large region but doesn't want to allocate a large number of individual
  50memory pages.
  52   int dm_io_sync_vm(unsigned int num_regions, struct io_region *where, int rw,
  53                     void *data, unsigned long *error_bits);
  54   int dm_io_async_vm(unsigned int num_regions, struct io_region *where, int rw,
  55                      void *data, io_notify_fn fn, void *context);
  57Callers of the asynchronous I/O services must include the name of a completion
  58callback routine and a pointer to some context data for the I/O.
  60   typedef void (*io_notify_fn)(unsigned long error, void *context);
  62The "error" parameter in this callback, as well as the "*error" parameter in
  63all of the synchronous versions, is a bitset (instead of a simple error value).
  64In the case of an write-I/O to multiple regions, this bitset allows dm-io to
  65indicate success or failure on each individual region.
  67Before using any of the dm-io services, the user should call dm_io_get()
  68and specify the number of pages they expect to perform I/O on concurrently.
  69Dm-io will attempt to resize its mempool to make sure enough pages are
  70always available in order to avoid unnecessary waiting while performing I/O.
  72When the user is finished using the dm-io services, they should call
  73dm_io_put() and specify the same number of pages that were given on the
  74dm_io_get() call.
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