linux/include/linux/capability.h
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   1/*
   2 * This is <linux/capability.h>
   3 *
   4 * Andrew G. Morgan <morgan@kernel.org>
   5 * Alexander Kjeldaas <astor@guardian.no>
   6 * with help from Aleph1, Roland Buresund and Andrew Main.
   7 *
   8 * See here for the libcap library ("POSIX draft" compliance):
   9 *
  10 * ftp://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/libs/security/linux-privs/kernel-2.6/
  11 */
  12
  13#ifndef _LINUX_CAPABILITY_H
  14#define _LINUX_CAPABILITY_H
  15
  16#include <linux/types.h>
  17
  18struct task_struct;
  19
  20/* User-level do most of the mapping between kernel and user
  21   capabilities based on the version tag given by the kernel. The
  22   kernel might be somewhat backwards compatible, but don't bet on
  23   it. */
  24
  25/* Note, cap_t, is defined by POSIX (draft) to be an "opaque" pointer to
  26   a set of three capability sets.  The transposition of 3*the
  27   following structure to such a composite is better handled in a user
  28   library since the draft standard requires the use of malloc/free
  29   etc.. */
  30
  31#define _LINUX_CAPABILITY_VERSION_1  0x19980330
  32#define _LINUX_CAPABILITY_U32S_1     1
  33
  34#define _LINUX_CAPABILITY_VERSION_2  0x20071026  /* deprecated - use v3 */
  35#define _LINUX_CAPABILITY_U32S_2     2
  36
  37#define _LINUX_CAPABILITY_VERSION_3  0x20080522
  38#define _LINUX_CAPABILITY_U32S_3     2
  39
  40typedef struct __user_cap_header_struct {
  41        __u32 version;
  42        int pid;
  43} __user *cap_user_header_t;
  44
  45typedef struct __user_cap_data_struct {
  46        __u32 effective;
  47        __u32 permitted;
  48        __u32 inheritable;
  49} __user *cap_user_data_t;
  50
  51
  52#define VFS_CAP_REVISION_MASK   0xFF000000
  53#define VFS_CAP_REVISION_SHIFT  24
  54#define VFS_CAP_FLAGS_MASK      ~VFS_CAP_REVISION_MASK
  55#define VFS_CAP_FLAGS_EFFECTIVE 0x000001
  56
  57#define VFS_CAP_REVISION_1      0x01000000
  58#define VFS_CAP_U32_1           1
  59#define XATTR_CAPS_SZ_1         (sizeof(__le32)*(1 + 2*VFS_CAP_U32_1))
  60
  61#define VFS_CAP_REVISION_2      0x02000000
  62#define VFS_CAP_U32_2           2
  63#define XATTR_CAPS_SZ_2         (sizeof(__le32)*(1 + 2*VFS_CAP_U32_2))
  64
  65#define XATTR_CAPS_SZ           XATTR_CAPS_SZ_2
  66#define VFS_CAP_U32             VFS_CAP_U32_2
  67#define VFS_CAP_REVISION        VFS_CAP_REVISION_2
  68
  69struct vfs_cap_data {
  70        __le32 magic_etc;            /* Little endian */
  71        struct {
  72                __le32 permitted;    /* Little endian */
  73                __le32 inheritable;  /* Little endian */
  74        } data[VFS_CAP_U32];
  75};
  76
  77#ifndef __KERNEL__
  78
  79/*
  80 * Backwardly compatible definition for source code - trapped in a
  81 * 32-bit world. If you find you need this, please consider using
  82 * libcap to untrap yourself...
  83 */
  84#define _LINUX_CAPABILITY_VERSION  _LINUX_CAPABILITY_VERSION_1
  85#define _LINUX_CAPABILITY_U32S     _LINUX_CAPABILITY_U32S_1
  86
  87#else
  88
  89#define _KERNEL_CAPABILITY_VERSION _LINUX_CAPABILITY_VERSION_3
  90#define _KERNEL_CAPABILITY_U32S    _LINUX_CAPABILITY_U32S_3
  91
  92extern int file_caps_enabled;
  93
  94typedef struct kernel_cap_struct {
  95        __u32 cap[_KERNEL_CAPABILITY_U32S];
  96} kernel_cap_t;
  97
  98/* exact same as vfs_cap_data but in cpu endian and always filled completely */
  99struct cpu_vfs_cap_data {
 100        __u32 magic_etc;
 101        kernel_cap_t permitted;
 102        kernel_cap_t inheritable;
 103};
 104
 105#define _USER_CAP_HEADER_SIZE  (sizeof(struct __user_cap_header_struct))
 106#define _KERNEL_CAP_T_SIZE     (sizeof(kernel_cap_t))
 107
 108#endif
 109
 110
 111/**
 112 ** POSIX-draft defined capabilities.
 113 **/
 114
 115/* In a system with the [_POSIX_CHOWN_RESTRICTED] option defined, this
 116   overrides the restriction of changing file ownership and group
 117   ownership. */
 118
 119#define CAP_CHOWN            0
 120
 121/* Override all DAC access, including ACL execute access if
 122   [_POSIX_ACL] is defined. Excluding DAC access covered by
 123   CAP_LINUX_IMMUTABLE. */
 124
 125#define CAP_DAC_OVERRIDE     1
 126
 127/* Overrides all DAC restrictions regarding read and search on files
 128   and directories, including ACL restrictions if [_POSIX_ACL] is
 129   defined. Excluding DAC access covered by CAP_LINUX_IMMUTABLE. */
 130
 131#define CAP_DAC_READ_SEARCH  2
 132
 133/* Overrides all restrictions about allowed operations on files, where
 134   file owner ID must be equal to the user ID, except where CAP_FSETID
 135   is applicable. It doesn't override MAC and DAC restrictions. */
 136
 137#define CAP_FOWNER           3
 138
 139/* Overrides the following restrictions that the effective user ID
 140   shall match the file owner ID when setting the S_ISUID and S_ISGID
 141   bits on that file; that the effective group ID (or one of the
 142   supplementary group IDs) shall match the file owner ID when setting
 143   the S_ISGID bit on that file; that the S_ISUID and S_ISGID bits are
 144   cleared on successful return from chown(2) (not implemented). */
 145
 146#define CAP_FSETID           4
 147
 148/* Overrides the restriction that the real or effective user ID of a
 149   process sending a signal must match the real or effective user ID
 150   of the process receiving the signal. */
 151
 152#define CAP_KILL             5
 153
 154/* Allows setgid(2) manipulation */
 155/* Allows setgroups(2) */
 156/* Allows forged gids on socket credentials passing. */
 157
 158#define CAP_SETGID           6
 159
 160/* Allows set*uid(2) manipulation (including fsuid). */
 161/* Allows forged pids on socket credentials passing. */
 162
 163#define CAP_SETUID           7
 164
 165
 166/**
 167 ** Linux-specific capabilities
 168 **/
 169
 170/* Without VFS support for capabilities:
 171 *   Transfer any capability in your permitted set to any pid,
 172 *   remove any capability in your permitted set from any pid
 173 * With VFS support for capabilities (neither of above, but)
 174 *   Add any capability from current's capability bounding set
 175 *       to the current process' inheritable set
 176 *   Allow taking bits out of capability bounding set
 177 *   Allow modification of the securebits for a process
 178 */
 179
 180#define CAP_SETPCAP          8
 181
 182/* Allow modification of S_IMMUTABLE and S_APPEND file attributes */
 183
 184#define CAP_LINUX_IMMUTABLE  9
 185
 186/* Allows binding to TCP/UDP sockets below 1024 */
 187/* Allows binding to ATM VCIs below 32 */
 188
 189#define CAP_NET_BIND_SERVICE 10
 190
 191/* Allow broadcasting, listen to multicast */
 192
 193#define CAP_NET_BROADCAST    11
 194
 195/* Allow interface configuration */
 196/* Allow administration of IP firewall, masquerading and accounting */
 197/* Allow setting debug option on sockets */
 198/* Allow modification of routing tables */
 199/* Allow setting arbitrary process / process group ownership on
 200   sockets */
 201/* Allow binding to any address for transparent proxying (also via NET_RAW) */
 202/* Allow setting TOS (type of service) */
 203/* Allow setting promiscuous mode */
 204/* Allow clearing driver statistics */
 205/* Allow multicasting */
 206/* Allow read/write of device-specific registers */
 207/* Allow activation of ATM control sockets */
 208
 209#define CAP_NET_ADMIN        12
 210
 211/* Allow use of RAW sockets */
 212/* Allow use of PACKET sockets */
 213/* Allow binding to any address for transparent proxying (also via NET_ADMIN) */
 214
 215#define CAP_NET_RAW          13
 216
 217/* Allow locking of shared memory segments */
 218/* Allow mlock and mlockall (which doesn't really have anything to do
 219   with IPC) */
 220
 221#define CAP_IPC_LOCK         14
 222
 223/* Override IPC ownership checks */
 224
 225#define CAP_IPC_OWNER        15
 226
 227/* Insert and remove kernel modules - modify kernel without limit */
 228#define CAP_SYS_MODULE       16
 229
 230/* Allow ioperm/iopl access */
 231/* Allow sending USB messages to any device via /proc/bus/usb */
 232
 233#define CAP_SYS_RAWIO        17
 234
 235/* Allow use of chroot() */
 236
 237#define CAP_SYS_CHROOT       18
 238
 239/* Allow ptrace() of any process */
 240
 241#define CAP_SYS_PTRACE       19
 242
 243/* Allow configuration of process accounting */
 244
 245#define CAP_SYS_PACCT        20
 246
 247/* Allow configuration of the secure attention key */
 248/* Allow administration of the random device */
 249/* Allow examination and configuration of disk quotas */
 250/* Allow setting the domainname */
 251/* Allow setting the hostname */
 252/* Allow calling bdflush() */
 253/* Allow mount() and umount(), setting up new smb connection */
 254/* Allow some autofs root ioctls */
 255/* Allow nfsservctl */
 256/* Allow VM86_REQUEST_IRQ */
 257/* Allow to read/write pci config on alpha */
 258/* Allow irix_prctl on mips (setstacksize) */
 259/* Allow flushing all cache on m68k (sys_cacheflush) */
 260/* Allow removing semaphores */
 261/* Used instead of CAP_CHOWN to "chown" IPC message queues, semaphores
 262   and shared memory */
 263/* Allow locking/unlocking of shared memory segment */
 264/* Allow turning swap on/off */
 265/* Allow forged pids on socket credentials passing */
 266/* Allow setting readahead and flushing buffers on block devices */
 267/* Allow setting geometry in floppy driver */
 268/* Allow turning DMA on/off in xd driver */
 269/* Allow administration of md devices (mostly the above, but some
 270   extra ioctls) */
 271/* Allow tuning the ide driver */
 272/* Allow access to the nvram device */
 273/* Allow administration of apm_bios, serial and bttv (TV) device */
 274/* Allow manufacturer commands in isdn CAPI support driver */
 275/* Allow reading non-standardized portions of pci configuration space */
 276/* Allow DDI debug ioctl on sbpcd driver */
 277/* Allow setting up serial ports */
 278/* Allow sending raw qic-117 commands */
 279/* Allow enabling/disabling tagged queuing on SCSI controllers and sending
 280   arbitrary SCSI commands */
 281/* Allow setting encryption key on loopback filesystem */
 282/* Allow setting zone reclaim policy */
 283
 284#define CAP_SYS_ADMIN        21
 285
 286/* Allow use of reboot() */
 287
 288#define CAP_SYS_BOOT         22
 289
 290/* Allow raising priority and setting priority on other (different
 291   UID) processes */
 292/* Allow use of FIFO and round-robin (realtime) scheduling on own
 293   processes and setting the scheduling algorithm used by another
 294   process. */
 295/* Allow setting cpu affinity on other processes */
 296
 297#define CAP_SYS_NICE         23
 298
 299/* Override resource limits. Set resource limits. */
 300/* Override quota limits. */
 301/* Override reserved space on ext2 filesystem */
 302/* Modify data journaling mode on ext3 filesystem (uses journaling
 303   resources) */
 304/* NOTE: ext2 honors fsuid when checking for resource overrides, so
 305   you can override using fsuid too */
 306/* Override size restrictions on IPC message queues */
 307/* Allow more than 64hz interrupts from the real-time clock */
 308/* Override max number of consoles on console allocation */
 309/* Override max number of keymaps */
 310
 311#define CAP_SYS_RESOURCE     24
 312
 313/* Allow manipulation of system clock */
 314/* Allow irix_stime on mips */
 315/* Allow setting the real-time clock */
 316
 317#define CAP_SYS_TIME         25
 318
 319/* Allow configuration of tty devices */
 320/* Allow vhangup() of tty */
 321
 322#define CAP_SYS_TTY_CONFIG   26
 323
 324/* Allow the privileged aspects of mknod() */
 325
 326#define CAP_MKNOD            27
 327
 328/* Allow taking of leases on files */
 329
 330#define CAP_LEASE            28
 331
 332#define CAP_AUDIT_WRITE      29
 333
 334#define CAP_AUDIT_CONTROL    30
 335
 336#define CAP_SETFCAP          31
 337
 338/* Override MAC access.
 339   The base kernel enforces no MAC policy.
 340   An LSM may enforce a MAC policy, and if it does and it chooses
 341   to implement capability based overrides of that policy, this is
 342   the capability it should use to do so. */
 343
 344#define CAP_MAC_OVERRIDE     32
 345
 346/* Allow MAC configuration or state changes.
 347   The base kernel requires no MAC configuration.
 348   An LSM may enforce a MAC policy, and if it does and it chooses
 349   to implement capability based checks on modifications to that
 350   policy or the data required to maintain it, this is the
 351   capability it should use to do so. */
 352
 353#define CAP_MAC_ADMIN        33
 354
 355/* Allow configuring the kernel's syslog (printk behaviour) */
 356
 357#define CAP_SYSLOG           34
 358
 359/* Allow triggering something that will wake the system */
 360
 361#define CAP_WAKE_ALARM            35
 362
 363/* Allow preventing system suspends */
 364
 365#define CAP_BLOCK_SUSPEND    36
 366
 367#define CAP_LAST_CAP         CAP_BLOCK_SUSPEND
 368
 369#define cap_valid(x) ((x) >= 0 && (x) <= CAP_LAST_CAP)
 370
 371/*
 372 * Bit location of each capability (used by user-space library and kernel)
 373 */
 374
 375#define CAP_TO_INDEX(x)     ((x) >> 5)        /* 1 << 5 == bits in __u32 */
 376#define CAP_TO_MASK(x)      (1 << ((x) & 31)) /* mask for indexed __u32 */
 377
 378#ifdef __KERNEL__
 379
 380struct inode;
 381struct dentry;
 382struct user_namespace;
 383
 384struct user_namespace *current_user_ns(void);
 385
 386extern const kernel_cap_t __cap_empty_set;
 387extern const kernel_cap_t __cap_init_eff_set;
 388
 389/*
 390 * Internal kernel functions only
 391 */
 392
 393#define CAP_FOR_EACH_U32(__capi)  \
 394        for (__capi = 0; __capi < _KERNEL_CAPABILITY_U32S; ++__capi)
 395
 396/*
 397 * CAP_FS_MASK and CAP_NFSD_MASKS:
 398 *
 399 * The fs mask is all the privileges that fsuid==0 historically meant.
 400 * At one time in the past, that included CAP_MKNOD and CAP_LINUX_IMMUTABLE.
 401 *
 402 * It has never meant setting security.* and trusted.* xattrs.
 403 *
 404 * We could also define fsmask as follows:
 405 *   1. CAP_FS_MASK is the privilege to bypass all fs-related DAC permissions
 406 *   2. The security.* and trusted.* xattrs are fs-related MAC permissions
 407 */
 408
 409# define CAP_FS_MASK_B0     (CAP_TO_MASK(CAP_CHOWN)             \
 410                            | CAP_TO_MASK(CAP_MKNOD)            \
 411                            | CAP_TO_MASK(CAP_DAC_OVERRIDE)     \
 412                            | CAP_TO_MASK(CAP_DAC_READ_SEARCH)  \
 413                            | CAP_TO_MASK(CAP_FOWNER)           \
 414                            | CAP_TO_MASK(CAP_FSETID))
 415
 416# define CAP_FS_MASK_B1     (CAP_TO_MASK(CAP_MAC_OVERRIDE))
 417
 418#if _KERNEL_CAPABILITY_U32S != 2
 419# error Fix up hand-coded capability macro initializers
 420#else /* HAND-CODED capability initializers */
 421
 422# define CAP_EMPTY_SET    ((kernel_cap_t){{ 0, 0 }})
 423# define CAP_FULL_SET     ((kernel_cap_t){{ ~0, ~0 }})
 424# define CAP_FS_SET       ((kernel_cap_t){{ CAP_FS_MASK_B0 \
 425                                    | CAP_TO_MASK(CAP_LINUX_IMMUTABLE), \
 426                                    CAP_FS_MASK_B1 } })
 427# define CAP_NFSD_SET     ((kernel_cap_t){{ CAP_FS_MASK_B0 \
 428                                    | CAP_TO_MASK(CAP_SYS_RESOURCE), \
 429                                    CAP_FS_MASK_B1 } })
 430
 431#endif /* _KERNEL_CAPABILITY_U32S != 2 */
 432
 433# define cap_clear(c)         do { (c) = __cap_empty_set; } while (0)
 434
 435#define cap_raise(c, flag)  ((c).cap[CAP_TO_INDEX(flag)] |= CAP_TO_MASK(flag))
 436#define cap_lower(c, flag)  ((c).cap[CAP_TO_INDEX(flag)] &= ~CAP_TO_MASK(flag))
 437#define cap_raised(c, flag) ((c).cap[CAP_TO_INDEX(flag)] & CAP_TO_MASK(flag))
 438
 439#define CAP_BOP_ALL(c, a, b, OP)                                    \
 440do {                                                                \
 441        unsigned __capi;                                            \
 442        CAP_FOR_EACH_U32(__capi) {                                  \
 443                c.cap[__capi] = a.cap[__capi] OP b.cap[__capi];     \
 444        }                                                           \
 445} while (0)
 446
 447#define CAP_UOP_ALL(c, a, OP)                                       \
 448do {                                                                \
 449        unsigned __capi;                                            \
 450        CAP_FOR_EACH_U32(__capi) {                                  \
 451                c.cap[__capi] = OP a.cap[__capi];                   \
 452        }                                                           \
 453} while (0)
 454
 455static inline kernel_cap_t cap_combine(const kernel_cap_t a,
 456                                       const kernel_cap_t b)
 457{
 458        kernel_cap_t dest;
 459        CAP_BOP_ALL(dest, a, b, |);
 460        return dest;
 461}
 462
 463static inline kernel_cap_t cap_intersect(const kernel_cap_t a,
 464                                         const kernel_cap_t b)
 465{
 466        kernel_cap_t dest;
 467        CAP_BOP_ALL(dest, a, b, &);
 468        return dest;
 469}
 470
 471static inline kernel_cap_t cap_drop(const kernel_cap_t a,
 472                                    const kernel_cap_t drop)
 473{
 474        kernel_cap_t dest;
 475        CAP_BOP_ALL(dest, a, drop, &~);
 476        return dest;
 477}
 478
 479static inline kernel_cap_t cap_invert(const kernel_cap_t c)
 480{
 481        kernel_cap_t dest;
 482        CAP_UOP_ALL(dest, c, ~);
 483        return dest;
 484}
 485
 486static inline int cap_isclear(const kernel_cap_t a)
 487{
 488        unsigned __capi;
 489        CAP_FOR_EACH_U32(__capi) {
 490                if (a.cap[__capi] != 0)
 491                        return 0;
 492        }
 493        return 1;
 494}
 495
 496/*
 497 * Check if "a" is a subset of "set".
 498 * return 1 if ALL of the capabilities in "a" are also in "set"
 499 *      cap_issubset(0101, 1111) will return 1
 500 * return 0 if ANY of the capabilities in "a" are not in "set"
 501 *      cap_issubset(1111, 0101) will return 0
 502 */
 503static inline int cap_issubset(const kernel_cap_t a, const kernel_cap_t set)
 504{
 505        kernel_cap_t dest;
 506        dest = cap_drop(a, set);
 507        return cap_isclear(dest);
 508}
 509
 510/* Used to decide between falling back on the old suser() or fsuser(). */
 511
 512static inline int cap_is_fs_cap(int cap)
 513{
 514        const kernel_cap_t __cap_fs_set = CAP_FS_SET;
 515        return !!(CAP_TO_MASK(cap) & __cap_fs_set.cap[CAP_TO_INDEX(cap)]);
 516}
 517
 518static inline kernel_cap_t cap_drop_fs_set(const kernel_cap_t a)
 519{
 520        const kernel_cap_t __cap_fs_set = CAP_FS_SET;
 521        return cap_drop(a, __cap_fs_set);
 522}
 523
 524static inline kernel_cap_t cap_raise_fs_set(const kernel_cap_t a,
 525                                            const kernel_cap_t permitted)
 526{
 527        const kernel_cap_t __cap_fs_set = CAP_FS_SET;
 528        return cap_combine(a,
 529                           cap_intersect(permitted, __cap_fs_set));
 530}
 531
 532static inline kernel_cap_t cap_drop_nfsd_set(const kernel_cap_t a)
 533{
 534        const kernel_cap_t __cap_fs_set = CAP_NFSD_SET;
 535        return cap_drop(a, __cap_fs_set);
 536}
 537
 538static inline kernel_cap_t cap_raise_nfsd_set(const kernel_cap_t a,
 539                                              const kernel_cap_t permitted)
 540{
 541        const kernel_cap_t __cap_nfsd_set = CAP_NFSD_SET;
 542        return cap_combine(a,
 543                           cap_intersect(permitted, __cap_nfsd_set));
 544}
 545
 546extern bool has_capability(struct task_struct *t, int cap);
 547extern bool has_ns_capability(struct task_struct *t,
 548                              struct user_namespace *ns, int cap);
 549extern bool has_capability_noaudit(struct task_struct *t, int cap);
 550extern bool has_ns_capability_noaudit(struct task_struct *t,
 551                                      struct user_namespace *ns, int cap);
 552extern bool capable(int cap);
 553extern bool ns_capable(struct user_namespace *ns, int cap);
 554extern bool nsown_capable(int cap);
 555extern bool inode_capable(const struct inode *inode, int cap);
 556
 557/* audit system wants to get cap info from files as well */
 558extern int get_vfs_caps_from_disk(const struct dentry *dentry, struct cpu_vfs_cap_data *cpu_caps);
 559
 560#endif /* __KERNEL__ */
 561
 562#endif /* !_LINUX_CAPABILITY_H */
 563
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