linux/kernel/rcutree.h
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   1/*
   2 * Read-Copy Update mechanism for mutual exclusion (tree-based version)
   3 * Internal non-public definitions.
   4 *
   5 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
   6 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
   7 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
   8 * (at your option) any later version.
   9 *
  10 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
  11 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
  12 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
  13 * GNU General Public License for more details.
  14 *
  15 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
  16 * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
  17 * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
  18 *
  19 * Copyright IBM Corporation, 2008
  20 *
  21 * Author: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
  22 *         Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
  23 */
  24
  25#include <linux/cache.h>
  26#include <linux/spinlock.h>
  27#include <linux/threads.h>
  28#include <linux/cpumask.h>
  29#include <linux/seqlock.h>
  30
  31/*
  32 * Define shape of hierarchy based on NR_CPUS, CONFIG_RCU_FANOUT, and
  33 * CONFIG_RCU_FANOUT_LEAF.
  34 * In theory, it should be possible to add more levels straightforwardly.
  35 * In practice, this did work well going from three levels to four.
  36 * Of course, your mileage may vary.
  37 */
  38#define MAX_RCU_LVLS 4
  39#define RCU_FANOUT_1          (CONFIG_RCU_FANOUT_LEAF)
  40#define RCU_FANOUT_2          (RCU_FANOUT_1 * CONFIG_RCU_FANOUT)
  41#define RCU_FANOUT_3          (RCU_FANOUT_2 * CONFIG_RCU_FANOUT)
  42#define RCU_FANOUT_4          (RCU_FANOUT_3 * CONFIG_RCU_FANOUT)
  43
  44#if NR_CPUS <= RCU_FANOUT_1
  45#  define NUM_RCU_LVLS        1
  46#  define NUM_RCU_LVL_0       1
  47#  define NUM_RCU_LVL_1       (NR_CPUS)
  48#  define NUM_RCU_LVL_2       0
  49#  define NUM_RCU_LVL_3       0
  50#  define NUM_RCU_LVL_4       0
  51#elif NR_CPUS <= RCU_FANOUT_2
  52#  define NUM_RCU_LVLS        2
  53#  define NUM_RCU_LVL_0       1
  54#  define NUM_RCU_LVL_1       DIV_ROUND_UP(NR_CPUS, RCU_FANOUT_1)
  55#  define NUM_RCU_LVL_2       (NR_CPUS)
  56#  define NUM_RCU_LVL_3       0
  57#  define NUM_RCU_LVL_4       0
  58#elif NR_CPUS <= RCU_FANOUT_3
  59#  define NUM_RCU_LVLS        3
  60#  define NUM_RCU_LVL_0       1
  61#  define NUM_RCU_LVL_1       DIV_ROUND_UP(NR_CPUS, RCU_FANOUT_2)
  62#  define NUM_RCU_LVL_2       DIV_ROUND_UP(NR_CPUS, RCU_FANOUT_1)
  63#  define NUM_RCU_LVL_3       (NR_CPUS)
  64#  define NUM_RCU_LVL_4       0
  65#elif NR_CPUS <= RCU_FANOUT_4
  66#  define NUM_RCU_LVLS        4
  67#  define NUM_RCU_LVL_0       1
  68#  define NUM_RCU_LVL_1       DIV_ROUND_UP(NR_CPUS, RCU_FANOUT_3)
  69#  define NUM_RCU_LVL_2       DIV_ROUND_UP(NR_CPUS, RCU_FANOUT_2)
  70#  define NUM_RCU_LVL_3       DIV_ROUND_UP(NR_CPUS, RCU_FANOUT_1)
  71#  define NUM_RCU_LVL_4       (NR_CPUS)
  72#else
  73# error "CONFIG_RCU_FANOUT insufficient for NR_CPUS"
  74#endif /* #if (NR_CPUS) <= RCU_FANOUT_1 */
  75
  76#define RCU_SUM (NUM_RCU_LVL_0 + NUM_RCU_LVL_1 + NUM_RCU_LVL_2 + NUM_RCU_LVL_3 + NUM_RCU_LVL_4)
  77#define NUM_RCU_NODES (RCU_SUM - NR_CPUS)
  78
  79/*
  80 * Dynticks per-CPU state.
  81 */
  82struct rcu_dynticks {
  83        long long dynticks_nesting; /* Track irq/process nesting level. */
  84                                    /* Process level is worth LLONG_MAX/2. */
  85        int dynticks_nmi_nesting;   /* Track NMI nesting level. */
  86        atomic_t dynticks;          /* Even value for idle, else odd. */
  87#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_FAST_NO_HZ
  88        int dyntick_drain;          /* Prepare-for-idle state variable. */
  89        unsigned long dyntick_holdoff;
  90                                    /* No retries for the jiffy of failure. */
  91        struct timer_list idle_gp_timer;
  92                                    /* Wake up CPU sleeping with callbacks. */
  93        unsigned long idle_gp_timer_expires;
  94                                    /* When to wake up CPU (for repost). */
  95        bool idle_first_pass;       /* First pass of attempt to go idle? */
  96        unsigned long nonlazy_posted;
  97                                    /* # times non-lazy CBs posted to CPU. */
  98        unsigned long nonlazy_posted_snap;
  99                                    /* idle-period nonlazy_posted snapshot. */
 100#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_FAST_NO_HZ */
 101};
 102
 103/* RCU's kthread states for tracing. */
 104#define RCU_KTHREAD_STOPPED  0
 105#define RCU_KTHREAD_RUNNING  1
 106#define RCU_KTHREAD_WAITING  2
 107#define RCU_KTHREAD_OFFCPU   3
 108#define RCU_KTHREAD_YIELDING 4
 109#define RCU_KTHREAD_MAX      4
 110
 111/*
 112 * Definition for node within the RCU grace-period-detection hierarchy.
 113 */
 114struct rcu_node {
 115        raw_spinlock_t lock;    /* Root rcu_node's lock protects some */
 116                                /*  rcu_state fields as well as following. */
 117        unsigned long gpnum;    /* Current grace period for this node. */
 118                                /*  This will either be equal to or one */
 119                                /*  behind the root rcu_node's gpnum. */
 120        unsigned long completed; /* Last GP completed for this node. */
 121                                /*  This will either be equal to or one */
 122                                /*  behind the root rcu_node's gpnum. */
 123        unsigned long qsmask;   /* CPUs or groups that need to switch in */
 124                                /*  order for current grace period to proceed.*/
 125                                /*  In leaf rcu_node, each bit corresponds to */
 126                                /*  an rcu_data structure, otherwise, each */
 127                                /*  bit corresponds to a child rcu_node */
 128                                /*  structure. */
 129        unsigned long expmask;  /* Groups that have ->blkd_tasks */
 130                                /*  elements that need to drain to allow the */
 131                                /*  current expedited grace period to */
 132                                /*  complete (only for TREE_PREEMPT_RCU). */
 133        atomic_t wakemask;      /* CPUs whose kthread needs to be awakened. */
 134                                /*  Since this has meaning only for leaf */
 135                                /*  rcu_node structures, 32 bits suffices. */
 136        unsigned long qsmaskinit;
 137                                /* Per-GP initial value for qsmask & expmask. */
 138        unsigned long grpmask;  /* Mask to apply to parent qsmask. */
 139                                /*  Only one bit will be set in this mask. */
 140        int     grplo;          /* lowest-numbered CPU or group here. */
 141        int     grphi;          /* highest-numbered CPU or group here. */
 142        u8      grpnum;         /* CPU/group number for next level up. */
 143        u8      level;          /* root is at level 0. */
 144        struct rcu_node *parent;
 145        struct list_head blkd_tasks;
 146                                /* Tasks blocked in RCU read-side critical */
 147                                /*  section.  Tasks are placed at the head */
 148                                /*  of this list and age towards the tail. */
 149        struct list_head *gp_tasks;
 150                                /* Pointer to the first task blocking the */
 151                                /*  current grace period, or NULL if there */
 152                                /*  is no such task. */
 153        struct list_head *exp_tasks;
 154                                /* Pointer to the first task blocking the */
 155                                /*  current expedited grace period, or NULL */
 156                                /*  if there is no such task.  If there */
 157                                /*  is no current expedited grace period, */
 158                                /*  then there can cannot be any such task. */
 159#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST
 160        struct list_head *boost_tasks;
 161                                /* Pointer to first task that needs to be */
 162                                /*  priority boosted, or NULL if no priority */
 163                                /*  boosting is needed for this rcu_node */
 164                                /*  structure.  If there are no tasks */
 165                                /*  queued on this rcu_node structure that */
 166                                /*  are blocking the current grace period, */
 167                                /*  there can be no such task. */
 168        unsigned long boost_time;
 169                                /* When to start boosting (jiffies). */
 170        struct task_struct *boost_kthread_task;
 171                                /* kthread that takes care of priority */
 172                                /*  boosting for this rcu_node structure. */
 173        unsigned int boost_kthread_status;
 174                                /* State of boost_kthread_task for tracing. */
 175        unsigned long n_tasks_boosted;
 176                                /* Total number of tasks boosted. */
 177        unsigned long n_exp_boosts;
 178                                /* Number of tasks boosted for expedited GP. */
 179        unsigned long n_normal_boosts;
 180                                /* Number of tasks boosted for normal GP. */
 181        unsigned long n_balk_blkd_tasks;
 182                                /* Refused to boost: no blocked tasks. */
 183        unsigned long n_balk_exp_gp_tasks;
 184                                /* Refused to boost: nothing blocking GP. */
 185        unsigned long n_balk_boost_tasks;
 186                                /* Refused to boost: already boosting. */
 187        unsigned long n_balk_notblocked;
 188                                /* Refused to boost: RCU RS CS still running. */
 189        unsigned long n_balk_notyet;
 190                                /* Refused to boost: not yet time. */
 191        unsigned long n_balk_nos;
 192                                /* Refused to boost: not sure why, though. */
 193                                /*  This can happen due to race conditions. */
 194#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST */
 195        struct task_struct *node_kthread_task;
 196                                /* kthread that takes care of this rcu_node */
 197                                /*  structure, for example, awakening the */
 198                                /*  per-CPU kthreads as needed. */
 199        unsigned int node_kthread_status;
 200                                /* State of node_kthread_task for tracing. */
 201} ____cacheline_internodealigned_in_smp;
 202
 203/*
 204 * Do a full breadth-first scan of the rcu_node structures for the
 205 * specified rcu_state structure.
 206 */
 207#define rcu_for_each_node_breadth_first(rsp, rnp) \
 208        for ((rnp) = &(rsp)->node[0]; \
 209             (rnp) < &(rsp)->node[NUM_RCU_NODES]; (rnp)++)
 210
 211/*
 212 * Do a breadth-first scan of the non-leaf rcu_node structures for the
 213 * specified rcu_state structure.  Note that if there is a singleton
 214 * rcu_node tree with but one rcu_node structure, this loop is a no-op.
 215 */
 216#define rcu_for_each_nonleaf_node_breadth_first(rsp, rnp) \
 217        for ((rnp) = &(rsp)->node[0]; \
 218             (rnp) < (rsp)->level[NUM_RCU_LVLS - 1]; (rnp)++)
 219
 220/*
 221 * Scan the leaves of the rcu_node hierarchy for the specified rcu_state
 222 * structure.  Note that if there is a singleton rcu_node tree with but
 223 * one rcu_node structure, this loop -will- visit the rcu_node structure.
 224 * It is still a leaf node, even if it is also the root node.
 225 */
 226#define rcu_for_each_leaf_node(rsp, rnp) \
 227        for ((rnp) = (rsp)->level[NUM_RCU_LVLS - 1]; \
 228             (rnp) < &(rsp)->node[NUM_RCU_NODES]; (rnp)++)
 229
 230/* Index values for nxttail array in struct rcu_data. */
 231#define RCU_DONE_TAIL           0       /* Also RCU_WAIT head. */
 232#define RCU_WAIT_TAIL           1       /* Also RCU_NEXT_READY head. */
 233#define RCU_NEXT_READY_TAIL     2       /* Also RCU_NEXT head. */
 234#define RCU_NEXT_TAIL           3
 235#define RCU_NEXT_SIZE           4
 236
 237/* Per-CPU data for read-copy update. */
 238struct rcu_data {
 239        /* 1) quiescent-state and grace-period handling : */
 240        unsigned long   completed;      /* Track rsp->completed gp number */
 241                                        /*  in order to detect GP end. */
 242        unsigned long   gpnum;          /* Highest gp number that this CPU */
 243                                        /*  is aware of having started. */
 244        unsigned long   passed_quiesce_gpnum;
 245                                        /* gpnum at time of quiescent state. */
 246        bool            passed_quiesce; /* User-mode/idle loop etc. */
 247        bool            qs_pending;     /* Core waits for quiesc state. */
 248        bool            beenonline;     /* CPU online at least once. */
 249        bool            preemptible;    /* Preemptible RCU? */
 250        struct rcu_node *mynode;        /* This CPU's leaf of hierarchy */
 251        unsigned long grpmask;          /* Mask to apply to leaf qsmask. */
 252#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_INFO
 253        unsigned long   ticks_this_gp;  /* The number of scheduling-clock */
 254                                        /*  ticks this CPU has handled */
 255                                        /*  during and after the last grace */
 256                                        /* period it is aware of. */
 257#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_INFO */
 258
 259        /* 2) batch handling */
 260        /*
 261         * If nxtlist is not NULL, it is partitioned as follows.
 262         * Any of the partitions might be empty, in which case the
 263         * pointer to that partition will be equal to the pointer for
 264         * the following partition.  When the list is empty, all of
 265         * the nxttail elements point to the ->nxtlist pointer itself,
 266         * which in that case is NULL.
 267         *
 268         * [nxtlist, *nxttail[RCU_DONE_TAIL]):
 269         *      Entries that batch # <= ->completed
 270         *      The grace period for these entries has completed, and
 271         *      the other grace-period-completed entries may be moved
 272         *      here temporarily in rcu_process_callbacks().
 273         * [*nxttail[RCU_DONE_TAIL], *nxttail[RCU_WAIT_TAIL]):
 274         *      Entries that batch # <= ->completed - 1: waiting for current GP
 275         * [*nxttail[RCU_WAIT_TAIL], *nxttail[RCU_NEXT_READY_TAIL]):
 276         *      Entries known to have arrived before current GP ended
 277         * [*nxttail[RCU_NEXT_READY_TAIL], *nxttail[RCU_NEXT_TAIL]):
 278         *      Entries that might have arrived after current GP ended
 279         *      Note that the value of *nxttail[RCU_NEXT_TAIL] will
 280         *      always be NULL, as this is the end of the list.
 281         */
 282        struct rcu_head *nxtlist;
 283        struct rcu_head **nxttail[RCU_NEXT_SIZE];
 284        long            qlen_lazy;      /* # of lazy queued callbacks */
 285        long            qlen;           /* # of queued callbacks, incl lazy */
 286        long            qlen_last_fqs_check;
 287                                        /* qlen at last check for QS forcing */
 288        unsigned long   n_cbs_invoked;  /* count of RCU cbs invoked. */
 289        unsigned long   n_cbs_orphaned; /* RCU cbs orphaned by dying CPU */
 290        unsigned long   n_cbs_adopted;  /* RCU cbs adopted from dying CPU */
 291        unsigned long   n_force_qs_snap;
 292                                        /* did other CPU force QS recently? */
 293        long            blimit;         /* Upper limit on a processed batch */
 294
 295        /* 3) dynticks interface. */
 296        struct rcu_dynticks *dynticks;  /* Shared per-CPU dynticks state. */
 297        int dynticks_snap;              /* Per-GP tracking for dynticks. */
 298
 299        /* 4) reasons this CPU needed to be kicked by force_quiescent_state */
 300        unsigned long dynticks_fqs;     /* Kicked due to dynticks idle. */
 301        unsigned long offline_fqs;      /* Kicked due to being offline. */
 302
 303        /* 5) __rcu_pending() statistics. */
 304        unsigned long n_rcu_pending;    /* rcu_pending() calls since boot. */
 305        unsigned long n_rp_qs_pending;
 306        unsigned long n_rp_report_qs;
 307        unsigned long n_rp_cb_ready;
 308        unsigned long n_rp_cpu_needs_gp;
 309        unsigned long n_rp_gp_completed;
 310        unsigned long n_rp_gp_started;
 311        unsigned long n_rp_need_fqs;
 312        unsigned long n_rp_need_nothing;
 313
 314        int cpu;
 315        struct rcu_state *rsp;
 316};
 317
 318/* Values for fqs_state field in struct rcu_state. */
 319#define RCU_GP_IDLE             0       /* No grace period in progress. */
 320#define RCU_GP_INIT             1       /* Grace period being initialized. */
 321#define RCU_SAVE_DYNTICK        2       /* Need to scan dyntick state. */
 322#define RCU_FORCE_QS            3       /* Need to force quiescent state. */
 323#define RCU_SIGNAL_INIT         RCU_SAVE_DYNTICK
 324
 325#define RCU_JIFFIES_TILL_FORCE_QS        3      /* for rsp->jiffies_force_qs */
 326
 327#ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU
 328#define RCU_STALL_DELAY_DELTA          (5 * HZ)
 329#else
 330#define RCU_STALL_DELAY_DELTA          0
 331#endif
 332#define RCU_STALL_RAT_DELAY             2       /* Allow other CPUs time */
 333                                                /*  to take at least one */
 334                                                /*  scheduling clock irq */
 335                                                /*  before ratting on them. */
 336
 337#define rcu_wait(cond)                                                  \
 338do {                                                                    \
 339        for (;;) {                                                      \
 340                set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);                  \
 341                if (cond)                                               \
 342                        break;                                          \
 343                schedule();                                             \
 344        }                                                               \
 345        __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING);                              \
 346} while (0)
 347
 348/*
 349 * RCU global state, including node hierarchy.  This hierarchy is
 350 * represented in "heap" form in a dense array.  The root (first level)
 351 * of the hierarchy is in ->node[0] (referenced by ->level[0]), the second
 352 * level in ->node[1] through ->node[m] (->node[1] referenced by ->level[1]),
 353 * and the third level in ->node[m+1] and following (->node[m+1] referenced
 354 * by ->level[2]).  The number of levels is determined by the number of
 355 * CPUs and by CONFIG_RCU_FANOUT.  Small systems will have a "hierarchy"
 356 * consisting of a single rcu_node.
 357 */
 358struct rcu_state {
 359        struct rcu_node node[NUM_RCU_NODES];    /* Hierarchy. */
 360        struct rcu_node *level[NUM_RCU_LVLS];   /* Hierarchy levels. */
 361        u32 levelcnt[MAX_RCU_LVLS + 1];         /* # nodes in each level. */
 362        u8 levelspread[NUM_RCU_LVLS];           /* kids/node in each level. */
 363        struct rcu_data __percpu *rda;          /* pointer of percu rcu_data. */
 364
 365        /* The following fields are guarded by the root rcu_node's lock. */
 366
 367        u8      fqs_state ____cacheline_internodealigned_in_smp;
 368                                                /* Force QS state. */
 369        u8      fqs_active;                     /* force_quiescent_state() */
 370                                                /*  is running. */
 371        u8      fqs_need_gp;                    /* A CPU was prevented from */
 372                                                /*  starting a new grace */
 373                                                /*  period because */
 374                                                /*  force_quiescent_state() */
 375                                                /*  was running. */
 376        u8      boost;                          /* Subject to priority boost. */
 377        unsigned long gpnum;                    /* Current gp number. */
 378        unsigned long completed;                /* # of last completed gp. */
 379
 380        /* End of fields guarded by root rcu_node's lock. */
 381
 382        raw_spinlock_t onofflock;               /* exclude on/offline and */
 383                                                /*  starting new GP. */
 384        struct rcu_head *orphan_nxtlist;        /* Orphaned callbacks that */
 385                                                /*  need a grace period. */
 386        struct rcu_head **orphan_nxttail;       /* Tail of above. */
 387        struct rcu_head *orphan_donelist;       /* Orphaned callbacks that */
 388                                                /*  are ready to invoke. */
 389        struct rcu_head **orphan_donetail;      /* Tail of above. */
 390        long qlen_lazy;                         /* Number of lazy callbacks. */
 391        long qlen;                              /* Total number of callbacks. */
 392        struct task_struct *rcu_barrier_in_progress;
 393                                                /* Task doing rcu_barrier(), */
 394                                                /*  or NULL if no barrier. */
 395        raw_spinlock_t fqslock;                 /* Only one task forcing */
 396                                                /*  quiescent states. */
 397        unsigned long jiffies_force_qs;         /* Time at which to invoke */
 398                                                /*  force_quiescent_state(). */
 399        unsigned long n_force_qs;               /* Number of calls to */
 400                                                /*  force_quiescent_state(). */
 401        unsigned long n_force_qs_lh;            /* ~Number of calls leaving */
 402                                                /*  due to lock unavailable. */
 403        unsigned long n_force_qs_ngp;           /* Number of calls leaving */
 404                                                /*  due to no GP active. */
 405        unsigned long gp_start;                 /* Time at which GP started, */
 406                                                /*  but in jiffies. */
 407        unsigned long jiffies_stall;            /* Time at which to check */
 408                                                /*  for CPU stalls. */
 409        unsigned long gp_max;                   /* Maximum GP duration in */
 410                                                /*  jiffies. */
 411        char *name;                             /* Name of structure. */
 412};
 413
 414/* Return values for rcu_preempt_offline_tasks(). */
 415
 416#define RCU_OFL_TASKS_NORM_GP   0x1             /* Tasks blocking normal */
 417                                                /*  GP were moved to root. */
 418#define RCU_OFL_TASKS_EXP_GP    0x2             /* Tasks blocking expedited */
 419                                                /*  GP were moved to root. */
 420
 421/*
 422 * RCU implementation internal declarations:
 423 */
 424extern struct rcu_state rcu_sched_state;
 425DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct rcu_data, rcu_sched_data);
 426
 427extern struct rcu_state rcu_bh_state;
 428DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct rcu_data, rcu_bh_data);
 429
 430#ifdef CONFIG_TREE_PREEMPT_RCU
 431extern struct rcu_state rcu_preempt_state;
 432DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct rcu_data, rcu_preempt_data);
 433#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_TREE_PREEMPT_RCU */
 434
 435#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST
 436DECLARE_PER_CPU(unsigned int, rcu_cpu_kthread_status);
 437DECLARE_PER_CPU(int, rcu_cpu_kthread_cpu);
 438DECLARE_PER_CPU(unsigned int, rcu_cpu_kthread_loops);
 439DECLARE_PER_CPU(char, rcu_cpu_has_work);
 440#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST */
 441
 442#ifndef RCU_TREE_NONCORE
 443
 444/* Forward declarations for rcutree_plugin.h */
 445static void rcu_bootup_announce(void);
 446long rcu_batches_completed(void);
 447static void rcu_preempt_note_context_switch(int cpu);
 448static int rcu_preempt_blocked_readers_cgp(struct rcu_node *rnp);
 449#ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU
 450static void rcu_report_unblock_qs_rnp(struct rcu_node *rnp,
 451                                      unsigned long flags);
 452static void rcu_stop_cpu_kthread(int cpu);
 453#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU */
 454static void rcu_print_detail_task_stall(struct rcu_state *rsp);
 455static int rcu_print_task_stall(struct rcu_node *rnp);
 456static void rcu_preempt_stall_reset(void);
 457static void rcu_preempt_check_blocked_tasks(struct rcu_node *rnp);
 458#ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU
 459static int rcu_preempt_offline_tasks(struct rcu_state *rsp,
 460                                     struct rcu_node *rnp,
 461                                     struct rcu_data *rdp);
 462#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU */
 463static void rcu_preempt_cleanup_dead_cpu(int cpu);
 464static void rcu_preempt_check_callbacks(int cpu);
 465static void rcu_preempt_process_callbacks(void);
 466void call_rcu(struct rcu_head *head, void (*func)(struct rcu_head *rcu));
 467#if defined(CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU) || defined(CONFIG_TREE_PREEMPT_RCU)
 468static void rcu_report_exp_rnp(struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_node *rnp,
 469                               bool wake);
 470#endif /* #if defined(CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU) || defined(CONFIG_TREE_PREEMPT_RCU) */
 471static int rcu_preempt_pending(int cpu);
 472static int rcu_preempt_cpu_has_callbacks(int cpu);
 473static void __cpuinit rcu_preempt_init_percpu_data(int cpu);
 474static void rcu_preempt_cleanup_dying_cpu(void);
 475static void __init __rcu_init_preempt(void);
 476static void rcu_initiate_boost(struct rcu_node *rnp, unsigned long flags);
 477static void rcu_preempt_boost_start_gp(struct rcu_node *rnp);
 478static void invoke_rcu_callbacks_kthread(void);
 479static bool rcu_is_callbacks_kthread(void);
 480#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST
 481static void rcu_preempt_do_callbacks(void);
 482static void rcu_boost_kthread_setaffinity(struct rcu_node *rnp,
 483                                          cpumask_var_t cm);
 484static int __cpuinit rcu_spawn_one_boost_kthread(struct rcu_state *rsp,
 485                                                 struct rcu_node *rnp,
 486                                                 int rnp_index);
 487static void invoke_rcu_node_kthread(struct rcu_node *rnp);
 488static void rcu_yield(void (*f)(unsigned long), unsigned long arg);
 489#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST */
 490static void rcu_cpu_kthread_setrt(int cpu, int to_rt);
 491static void __cpuinit rcu_prepare_kthreads(int cpu);
 492static void rcu_prepare_for_idle_init(int cpu);
 493static void rcu_cleanup_after_idle(int cpu);
 494static void rcu_prepare_for_idle(int cpu);
 495static void rcu_idle_count_callbacks_posted(void);
 496static void print_cpu_stall_info_begin(void);
 497static void print_cpu_stall_info(struct rcu_state *rsp, int cpu);
 498static void print_cpu_stall_info_end(void);
 499static void zero_cpu_stall_ticks(struct rcu_data *rdp);
 500static void increment_cpu_stall_ticks(void);
 501
 502#endif /* #ifndef RCU_TREE_NONCORE */
 503
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